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unfrequently while exposed to musketry, the officers and men of this corps gave information of the movements of the enemy, and transmitted directions for the evolutions of our own troops. The weak point in the signal corps as then constituted was that its officers were not trained soldiers, and therefore their judgment could not always be relied upon. The telegraphic operations of the Army of the Potomac were superintended by Maj. Thomas J. Eckert, and under the immediate direction of Mr. Caldwell, who was, with a corps of operators, attached to my headquarters during the entire campaigns upon the Peninsula and in Maryland. The services of this corps were arduous and efficient. Under the admirable arrangements of Maj. Eckert they were constantly provided with all the material for constructing new lines, which were rapidly established whenever the army changed position, and it was not unfrequently the case that the operatives worked under fire from the enemy's guns; yet they inv
Richardson and Sedgwick were formed on the right of the railroad, facing towards Richmond, Richardson holding the right, and Sedgwick joining the right of Heintzelman's corps. The first line of Richardson's division was held by Gen. French, Gen. Caldwell supporting in the second. A log building in front of Richardson's division was held by Col. Brooks with one regiment (53d Penn. Volunteers), with Hazzard's battery on an elevated piece of ground a little in rear of Col. Brooks's command. and rested upon a thick clump of trees, giving us a stronger position and a better fire. Shortly after four o'clock the firing ceased along the whole front, but no disposition was evinced on the part of the enemy to withdraw from the field. Caldwell's brigade, having been detached from Richardson's division, was stationed upon Couch's right by Gen. Porter, to whom he had been ordered to report. The whole line was surveyed by the general, and everything held in readiness to meet the coming
ded by Gen. Meagher, on the right; the 3d brigade, commanded by Gen. Caldwell, on his left, and the brigade commanded by Col. Brooks, 53d Penhorse shot under him, this brigade was ordered to give place to Gen. Caldwell's brigade, which advanced to a short distance in its rear. Theassed by the Irish brigade breaking by company to the rear, and Gen. Caldwell's by company to the front, as steadily as on drill. Col. Brookemy from the cornfield and restored the line, The brigade of Gen. Caldwell, with determined gallantry, pushed the enemy back opposite the red in the sunken road, they still held our forces on the right of Caldwell in check. Col. Barlow, commanding the 61st and 64th N. Y. regiments, of Caldwell's brigade, seeing a favorable opportunity, advanced the regiments on the left, taking the line in the sunken road in flank, an This command was now placed in an interval in the line between Gen. Caldwell's and the Irish brigades. The requirements of the extended l
2. Burnside, Gen. A. E., at Washington, ‘61, 87, 113, 270; N. Carolina. 203, 206, 234, 241, 245, 249. 403; Fortress Monroe, 446, 449, 457, 461, 462, 486; Acquia, 466, 493, 500, 507, 509-512, 519, 520, 526 ; false statement, 542. Maryland campaign, 554, 557; South Mountain, 561, 574, 577, 580, 582, 583 ; Antietam, 584, 586, 588, 590, 600-604, 607, 609-611, 619. Succeeds McClellan, 648, 651, 660. Butler, Gen. B. F., at New Orleans, 204, 212. Butterfield, Gen. D., 370, 371, 416. Caldwell, Gen. J. C., at Savage's Station, 427 ; Malvern, 436 ; Antietam, 595, 596, 598. Cameron, Sec., supports McClellan, 105, 152 ; arrest of Maryland legislature, 146 ; resigns, 153. Campbell, Col., 295, 341. Casey, Gen. S., 81. In Peninsula, 96, 113, 257; Yorktown, 264, 278, 300; Williamsburg, 320, 324, 326, 332 ; in pursuit, 341, 352, 354 ; Fair Oaks, 363, 377, 382, 398. Pope's campaign, 510, 512, 525. Centralization doctrine, 31 ; results, 32. Centreville, Va., 75, 95,231, 233, 511, 5
J. C. Caldwell Brigadier GeneralAug. 26, 1863, to Sept. 2, 1863. Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralDec. 16, 1863, to Dec. 29, 1863. Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralFeb. 14, 1863, to May 22, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralJan. 15, 1864, to March 24, 1864. 1st Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralJan. 9, 1864, to Jan. 15, 1864. Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralJune 4, 1862, to Dec. 13, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralMay 22, 1863, to Dec. 9, 1863. 1st Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Brigadier GeneralSept. 17, 1862. 1st Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the P
: I., 176, 177, 179, 181, 193 seq., 197, 220, 225, 363; II., 139; forwarding recruits at, II., 182; VI., 186, 212, 213; naval station at, VI., 215; VII., 319; flood at, VIII., 211. Cairo, Mo., basis of supplies, VIII., 32. Cairo,, U. S. S.: I., 215 seq., 366; II., 200; VI., 214, 221, 266, 316. Caldwell, A. H.: VIII., 345 seq., 350, 361, 363, 364. Caldwell, C. H. B.: I., 232; VI., 190, 196. Caldwell, G. H., II., 69. Caldwell, J., VIII., 363, 366. Caldwell, J. C., II., 69. Caleb Cushing, revenue cutter, VI., 294. Calef, J. H., IV., 230. Calhoun, J. C., unveiling statue of, IX., 36. Calhoun,, U. S. S., II., 330. California enlistment Viii., 102. Cambridge, Mass., return of the Mass. Sixteenth Inf., IX., 261. Camden, Ark., II., 352. Camden, N. C.: I., 362. Cameron, R. A., X., 203. Cameron, S.: IV., 52; V., 130; VII., 30, 98, 192; VIII., 84, 345. Cameron Dragoons, Pa. Fifth Cav.,