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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 69 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for England Chatham or search for England Chatham in all documents.

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ve great reason to remember the considerate attention of Sir Henry Ellis. At the London Institution, in Albemarle Street, also, the Secretary, Mr. Barlow, obtained for me leave to make use of its great collection of American military correspondence. It was necessary to study the character and conduct of the English Ministers themselves. Of Chatham's private letters perhaps few remain unpublished; Mr. Disney imparted to me at the Hyde, two volumes of familiar notes, that passed between Chatham and Hollis, full of allusions to America. The Marquis of Lansdowne consented to my request for permission to go through the papers of his father, the Earl of Shelburne, during the three periods of his connection with American affairs; and allowed me to keep them, till by a continued examination and comparison they could be understood in all their aspects. Combined with manuscripts which I obtained in France, they give all the information that can be desired for illustrating Lord Shelburne
. 435. He arrived in London on Friday, the eleventh of July, by no means well; Pitt to Lady Chatham, 12 July, 1766. Chat. Corr. II. 439. but his feverishness only bewildered his judgment and it of a late Right Honorable Commoner, Durand, to Due de Choiseul, 3 Juillet, 1766. Temple to Lady Chatham, Chat. Corr. II. 469. he returned to Stowe, repeating this speech to the world, dictating a In this manner, time was bringing him some assuagement of his former deep humiliation. Could Chatham have regained his health, he would have mastered all difficulties, or fallen with dignity. Jea fixed on America, Sept. were, all the while, competing for European alliances. No sooner had Chatham entered on the ministry, than he rushed with headlong confidence into the plan of a great Northmitted to attend a consultation on European alliances. Grafton's Autobiography. The next day Chatham, with the cheerful consent of the King, King to Chatham, 25 Sept. 1766; Chat. Corr. III. 75
e State may require, during the recess of Parliament, which is at most but a forty days tyranny. This dangerous opinion Chatham rejected, and Mansfield triumphantly overturned. The waves thus raised had not subsided, when traces began to appear er. He did not fear to flatter the prejudices of the King, and court the favor of Grenville and Bedford; for he saw that Chatham, who had declared to all the world, that his great point was to destroy faction, was incurring the hatred of every brancred him on to rout out the Grandees of England, now banded together. King to Chatham, 2 Dec. 1766. Their unions, said Chatham in return, give me no terrors. I know my ground, he wrote to Grafton; Chatham to Grafton, 3 Dec. 1766, in Grafton's ivil list, and concentre the power of government, where Grenville looked only for revenue. He expected his dismissal if Chatham regained health; and he also saw the clearest prospect of advancement by setting his colleagues at defiance. He therefo
moderation might still have saved England from a conflict. Undismayed by the disorder in the cabinet, the ill health of Chatham, the factions in a corrupt Parliament, or the unpromising aspect of foreign relations, and impressed with the necessity but a repeal of all restrictions on trade, and freedom from all subordination and dependence. Besides; Townshend, whom Chatham had thrice Chatham to Grafton, 7 Dec. 1766, Ms.; Chatham to Grafton, 23 Jan. 1767. This letter is printed in the Chat. Corr. III. 200, with the erroneous date of Feb. 9. The third letter of Chatham to Grafton, in which he calls C. Townshend incurable, is a letter really dated 9 Feb. 1767. See Grafton's Autobiography for all three. denounced to Grafton as incur, hastened to London. Charles Townshend was warm in the sunshine of majesty; Trecothick in Cavendish, i. 212. but as Chatham attributed the disaster to his lukewarmness and wished to dismiss him, the King readily assented; and Lord North was inv
for the hour and shone for the hour, without the thought of founding an enduring name. Finding Chatham not likely to reappear, his lively imagination was for ever on the stretch, devising schemes trne to Chatham, 13 March, 1767; Chat. Corr. III. 233. A letter from Shelburne explained to Chatham the necessity that Townshend should no longer remain in the Cabinet. But Chatham was too ill tChatham was too ill to thrust his adversary out, or give advice to his colleague. Nor could Shelburne by himself alone abandon the ministry; for such a resignation would have seemed to his superior a desertion or a repreld to his Son, 1 June, 1767. To proceed securely, Grafton required some understanding with Chatham; but Chatham refused to see him, pleading his disability. Chatham Corr. III. 255-260. The KChatham refused to see him, pleading his disability. Chatham Corr. III. 255-260. The King himself intervened by a letter, framed with cool and well considered adroitness, but which seemed an effusion of confidence and affection. In the House of Lords the Earl had given an open defian
6 June, 1767. Message of Moore of 18 Nov. 1767. Board of Trade to the King, 7 May, 1768. and the Assembly went on as though nothing had happened. The health of Chatham was all the while growing worse; and his life began to be despaired of. His letters were kept from him. Lady Chatham to Grafton, North End, 31 July, 1767. Of tLady Chatham to Grafton, North End, 31 July, 1767. Of the transactions that were going forward, he was scarce even a spectator, and seemed to be unconcerned in the event. De Guerchy to Choiseul, 10 June, 16 June, 8 July, 1767. T. Whately to Lord Temple, 30 July, 1767. About nine o'clock in the evening of the twentieth, the leaders of the two branches of the Oligarchy met at New Grafton and Conway eagerly, as Rockingham came out; and the only answer he could make was— Nothing. Once more Rockingham was urged to join with the friends of Chatham; Compare Durand to Choiseul, 3 August, 1767. but he was unaccommodating and impracticable. Whately to Temple, 30 July, 1767; in Lyttelton, 729. He has manag
my pole star, Camden Camden to Chatham, 20 March, 1768. Chatham's Correspondence, III. 325. was accustomed to say to Chatham; I have sworn an oath, I will go, I will go where you lead. But now he encouraged Grafton to slight Chap. XXXVII.} 17that Lord Shelburne's removal will never have his consent. The King awaited anxiously the result of the interview; Lady Chatham's Memorandum of a conversation with the Duke of Grafton, 9 Oct. 1768. Chatham Corr. III. 337. and notwithstanding th would make a deep impression upon Lord Chatham's mind, yet I did not expect this sudden resignation. the resignation of Chatham instantly followed. Grafton and the King interposed with solicitations; King to Chatham, 4 Oct. 1768 Chatham Corr. t. 1768. He had a passion also to play a part, and in his moments of glorying, would boast of his intention to rival not Chatham, he would say, but Pitt; Choiseul to Frances, 12 Oct. 1768. though he could not even for a day adhere steadily to one
o his old friendship for America, and by implication accused his colleagues of conspiring against the liberties of the country. Lord Mansfield, in his reply to Chatham, which was a masterpiece of art and address, W. S. Johnson's Report of the H. Walpole in Memoirs, III. 35. declined giving an opinion on the legality of the prcontended, that whether they were right or wrong, the jurisdiction in the case belonged to them and from their decision there was no appeal. I distrust, rejoined Chatham, the refinements of learning, which fall to the share of so small a number of men. Providence has taken better care of our happiness, and given us in the simplicis consideration of the measure. Conway hinted at trying Rockingham and his friends. I know their disposition, said the King, and I will not hear of them. As for Chatham, I will abdicate the crown sooner than consent to his requirements. Before the world knew of the impending change, he sent Weymouth and Gower, of the Bedford par
red resuming importations, the packet of July which had been detained for a few days, sailed before the middle of the month with orders for all kinds of merchandise excepting tea. Golden to Hillsborough, 10 July, 1770; A. Golden to A. Todd, 11 July, 1770; James Duane to W. S. Johnson, 9 Dec. 1770. Send us your old Liberty Pole, as you can have no further use for it, A Card from the Inhabitants of Philadelphia, &c. July, 1770. said the Philadelphians. The students at Princeton burnt the New-York merchants' letter by the hands of the hangman. Boston tore it into pieces and threw it to the winds. Votes at a full Meeting of the Trade at Faneuil Hall, 24 July, 1770. South Carolina, whose patriots had just raised the statue to Chatham, read it with disdainful anger. But there was no help; Lord North had reasoned so far correctly; the non-importation agreement had been sacredly enforced by New-York alone, and now trade between America and England was open in every thing but tea.
n be judged sufficient to justify whatever measures have been or may be taken to obtain redress. Having thus joined issue with the King and Parliament, the inhabitants of the town of Boston voted, by means of Committees of Correspondence, to make an Appeal to all the towns in the Colony, that the collected wisdom and fortitude of the whole people Chap. XLVIII.} 1772. Nov. might dictate measures for the rescue of their happy and glorious Constitution. These worthy New Englanders, cried Chatham, as he read the Report, ever feel as old Englanders ought to do. Chatham to T. Hollis, Burton Pynsent, 3 Feb. 1773. It may reasonably be asked what England was gaining by the controversy with America. The Commissioners of the Stamp Office were just then settling their accounts for their expenses in America; which were found to have exceeded twelve thousand pounds, while they had received for revenue, almost entirely from Canada and the West India Islands, only about fifteen hundred.
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