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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 46 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), A. B. Plot. (search)
A. B. Plot. On April 19, 1824, Ninian Edwards, a former United States Senator from Illinois, presented an address to the Congress, preferring charges against William H. Crawford, then Secretary of the Treasury and a candidate for the Presidency. The address was accompanied by letters, reflecting on the integrity of Secretary Crawford, signed A. B. The House appointed a committee of seven to investigate the charges, and on May 25 the committee submitted a report exonerating Secretary Crawford. While on his way to Mexico, to which he had been sent on a public mission, Mr. Edwards acknowledged the authorship of the letters and also made new accusations against Secretary Crawford. After the committee had exonerated the Secretary, Mr. Edwards was recalled to substantiate his charges, but failed to do so. This episode became known as the A. B. Plot.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Albany regency, (search)
Albany regency, A name popularly given to a few active and able men of the democratic party who became associated in 1822, of whom Martin Van Buren was a leader, having their headquarters at Albany, N. Y., and who, in a great degree, controlled the action of their party throughout the Union. Their first great trial of strength was seen in an effort to elect William H. Crawford President of the United States in 1824, instead of John Quincy Adams. See Hunkers.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allen, William Henry, 1784- (search)
ate Constitution in 1805; and in 1807 he was third lieutenant of the Chesapeake when she was attacked by the Leopard. It was Lieutenant Allen who drew up the memorial of the officers of the Chesapeake to the Secretary of the Navy, urging the arrest and trial of Barron for neglect of duty. In 1809 he was made first lieutenant of the frigate United States, under Decatur. He behaved bravely in the conflict with the Macedonian; and after her capture took her safely into New York Harbor, Jan. 1, 1813. In July, 1813, he was promoted to master-commandant while he was on his voyage in the brig Angus, that took W. H. Crawford, American minister, to France. That voyage ended in a remarkable and successful cruise among the British shipping in British waters. After capturing and destroying more than twenty British merchantmen, his own vessel was captured; and he was mortally wounded by a round shot (Aug. 14), and died the next day at Plymouth. England, whither he was conveyed as a prisoner.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Argus, capture of the. (search)
Argus, capture of the. The American brig Argus, Capt. W. H. Allen, bore to France William H. Crawford, United States minister to that government. She afterwards cruised in British waters, and by the celerity of her movements and destructive energy she spread consternation throughout commercial England. She carried 32-pound carronades and two bowguns; and her commander, who had served under Decatur, was one of the most gallant men of the navy. He roamed the chops of the Channel successfully; and, sailing around Land's End, in the space of thirty days he captured no less than twenty valuable British merchantmen, with cargoes valued at $2,000,000. Too far away from friendly ports into which he might send his prizes, he burned all the vessels. Every non-combatant captive he allowed to remove his private property, and for this generosity he was thanked by them. The British government, alarmed by the exploits of the Argus, sent out several cruisers after her. Just before the dawn
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
March 5,1901 Secretaries of the Treasury. Alexander HamiltonSept. 11, 1789 Oliver Wolcott Feb. 2, 1795 Samuel Dexter Jan. 1, 1801 Albert Gallatin .May 14, 1801 George W. Campbell Feb. 9, 1814 Alexander J. Dallas Oct. 6, 1814 William H. CrawfordOct. 22, 1816 Richard Rush March 7, 1825 Samuel D. Ingham March 6, 1829 Louis McLane Aug. 2, 1831 William J. Duane May 29, 1833 Roger B. Taney Sept.23, 1833 Levi Woodbury June 27, 1834 Thomas Ewing March 5, 1841 Walter Forward imothy Pickering Jan. 2, 1795 James McHenryJan. 27, 1796 Samuel Dexter May 13, 1800 Roger Griswold Feb. 3, 1801 Henry Dearborn March 5, 1801 William Eustis March 7, 1809 John Armstrong Jan. 13, 1813 James Monroe Sept.27, 1814 William H. Crawford Aug. 1, 1815 George Graham Ad interim John C. Calhoun Oct. 8, 1817 James Barbour March 7, 1825 Peter B. Porter May 26, 1828 John H. Eaton March 9, 1829 Lewis Cass Aug. 1, 1831 Joel R. Poinsett .March 7, 1837 John Bell March 5,1841
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crawford, William Harris 1772- (search)
Crawford, William Harris 1772- Statesman; born in Amherst county, Va., Feb. 24, 1772; taught school several years and became a lawyer, beginning practice in Lexington, Ga., in 1799. He compiled the first digest of the laws of Georgia, published in 1802: was a member of his State legislature from 1803 to 1807; was United States Senator from 1807 to 1813, in which body he was regarded as its ablest member. In 1813 he was sent as United States minister to France, and on his return (1815) was appointed Secretary of War; but in October, 1816, he was transferred to the Treasury Department, which post he held until 1825, when he was defeated as Democratic candidate for the Presidency, having been nominated the previous year by a congressional caucus. He had four other candidates to oppose— Adams, Calhoun, Jackson, and Clay. At about that time his health failed, and he never fully recovered it. He became a circuit judge in Georgia, and was warmly opposed to nullification. He died ne
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Curtis, George William 1824- (search)
s extended to other offices, was intended, as John Quincy Adams tells us, to promote the election to the Presidency of Mr. Crawford, who was then Secretary of the Treasury. The law was drawn by Mr. Crawford himself, and it was introduced into the SeMr. Crawford himself, and it was introduced into the Senate by one of his devoted partisans. It placed the whole body of executive financial officers at the mercy of the Secretary of the Treasury and of a majority of the Senate, and its design, as Mr. Adams says, was to secure for Mr. Crawford the influMr. Crawford the influence of all the incumbents in office, at the peril of displacement, and of five or ten times an equal number of ravenous office-seekers, eager to supplant them. This is the very substance of the spoils system, intentionally introduced by a fixed limisters of the land office, receivers of public money, and even paymasters in the army, notoriously active partisans of Mr. Crawford. . . . To fix by law the terms of places dependent upon such officers would be like an attempt to cure hydrophobia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
, he was forced back, himself falling severely wounded. This was the critical moment of the second day, but the 5th and a part of the 6th Corps, with portions of the 1st and 2d, were promptly brought to the support of the 3d. The struggle was fierce and murderous, but by sunset our success was decisive, and the enemy was driven back in confusion. The most important service was rendered towards the close of the day, in the memorable advance between Round Top and Little Round Top, by General Crawford's division of the 5th Corps, consisting of two brigades of the Pennsylvania Reserves, of which one company was from this town and neighborhood. The rebel force was driven back with great loss in killed and prisoners. At eight o'clock in the evening a desperate attempt was made by the enemy to storm the position of the 11th Corps on Cemetery Hill; but here, too, after a terrible conflict, he was repulsed with immense loss. Ewell, on our extreme right, which had been weakened by the wi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fine Arts, the. (search)
the first American who produced a marble group, The chanting Cherubs, for J. Fenimore Cooper. For many years there was a prudish feeling that made nude figures an abomination. So sensitive were the ladies of Philadelphia concerning the antique figures displayed at the exhibitions of the Academy of Fine Arts, that one day in the week was set apart for the visits of the gentler sex. The multiplication of art schools, art museums, and art exhibitions has quite generally dissipated prudery. Crawford gave to American sculpture a fame that widened that of Greenough and Powers. Music has had a habitation here, first in the form of psalm-singing, from the earliest settlements. Now its excellent professors and practitioners are legion in number. The graphic art in our country is only a little more than a century old. Nathaniel Hurd, of Boston, engraved on copper portraits and caricatures as early as 1762. Paul Revere, also, engraved at the period of the Revolution. He engraved the pl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Five Forks, battle of. (search)
so as to be fully on the Confederate left. He drove some Confederates towards Petersburg, and returned before Warren was prepared to charge upon the works. At 4 P. M. War- Movement towards five Forks. ren moved to the attack. Ayres charged upon the Confederate right, carried a portion of the line, and captured more than 1,000 men and several battle-flags. Merritt charged the front, and Griffin fell upon the left with such force that he carried the intrenchments and seized 1,500 men. Crawford, meanwhile, had come forward, cut off their retreat in the direction of Lee's lines, struck them in the rear, and captured four guns. Hard pressed, the Confederates fought gallantly and with great fortitude. At length the cavalry charged over the works simultaneously with the turning of their flanks by Ayres and Griffin, and, bearing down upon the Confederates with great fury, caused a large portion of them to throw Battle of five Forks. down their arms, while the remainder made a di
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