At the beginning of the Revolution the larger proportion of the inhabitants of Cambridge were true to their own country in its struggle for liberty; but there were a few, office holders or those belonging to the aristocratic class, who maintained their allegiance to the King of England.
It was to this class that the owners of almost every estate on the present Brattle street belonged; and because of this fact it was popularly designated as Tory Row.
It was also known as Church Row, and another name was the romantic title, the King's Highway.
There were seven in all of these manor houses, surrounded by their farms and gardens.
The occupants were largely related to one another, and they formed a very select circle.
Few indeed outside of their own number were permitted to join in their festivities.
Upon the breaking out of hostilities, the most of those with Tory proclivities were obliged to leave their homes, and in some cases to flee from their country.
ce of any bishop, it could have no true consecration.
At this service, a prayer for George III.
was, of course, said.
All but one or two of these first members were Tories later, and their houses, on Brattle street, were known as Tory Row or Church Row.
Besides these Tory Row people, Richard Lechmere, Benjamin Faneuil (brother of Peter), James and Thomas Apthorp (brothers of East), Madame Temple and her son Robert, Brig- adier-General Isaac Royal, the Skiltons and Sweethens of Woburn, and ately residences occupied by men to whose staunch loyalty to England was due the name of Tory Row bestowed on their dwellings.
As these families were also, as has been said, Christ Church parishioners, the second name was given their abodes of Church Row.
Between these people and those of the college and of the Congregational Church little love was lost.
When the Revolution broke out, the denizens of this peaceful row grew unpopular to such a degree that they fled for refuge to General Gage