Browsing named entities in Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore). You can also browse the collection for Doc or search for Doc in all documents.

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Doc. I.--reply of the Governor of Maryland to the Commissioner from Mississippi. State of Maryland, Executive Chamber, Annapolis, Dec. 19, 1860. Sir: Your letter of the 18th instant informs me that you have been appointed by the Governor of Mississippi, in pursuance of a resolution of her Legislature, a Commissioner to the State of Maryland, and that the occasion of your mission is in the present crisis in the national affairs of this country, and the danger which impends the safety and rights of the Southern States, by reason of the election of a sectional candidate to the office of President of the United States, and upon a platform of principles destructive of our constitutional rights and which, in the opinion of the State of Mississippi, calls for prompt and decisive action, for the purpose of our protection and future security. You also inform me that Mississippi desires the co-operation of her sister States of the South in measures necessary to defend our rights;
Doc. 2.--secession Ordinance of South Carolina. An Ordinance to Dissolve the Union between the State of South Carolina and other States united with her under the compact entitled the Constitution of the United States of America: We, the people of the State of South Carolina, in Convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, that the ordinance adopted by us in Convention, on the 23d day of May, in the year of our Lord 1788, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and also all Acts and parts of Acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying the amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed, and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other States under the name of the United States of America is hereby dissolved. The ordinance was taken up and passed by a unanimous vote of 169 members, at 1 1/4 o'clock. The following is a summary of the debate on the passage of the ordi
Doc. 3.--Declaration of causes which induced the, secession of South Carolina. The people of the State of South Carolina in Convention assembled, on the 2d (lay of April, A. D. 1852, declared that the frequent violations of the Constitution of the United States by the Federal Government, and its encroachments upon the reserved rights of the States, fully justified this State in their withdrawal from the Federal Union; but in deference to the opinions and wishes of the other Slaveholding States, she forbore at that time to exercise this right. Since that time these encroachments have continued to increase, and further for-bearance ceases to be a virtue. And now the State of South Carolina having resumed her separate and equal place among nations, deems it due to herself, to the remaining United states of America, and to the nations of the world, that she should declare the immediate causes which have led to this act. In the year 1765, that portion of the British Empire em
Doc. 4.--speech of Senator Seward, New York, Dec. 22. Fellow-citizens: My friend, Mr. Evarts, I believe, is acting as Chairman of Committee here, or President, or something of that sort — I do not exactly understand what. Coming a stranger as I do to the Astor House [laughter] I am put under duresse as soon as I get here, and am brought down from my own private room to this place. That is all I know about myself or you either [laughter]; but I find you here, and Mr. Evarts with his mallet in his hand. I suppose it means that he is something like a presiding officer or speaker, or something of that kind. Mr. Draper has intimated to me that you're all Yankees, [A voice--Yes, we are, ] and I thought it as likely as not that you were. Therefore, I suppose that I might as well set all doubt about myself at rest at once, and anticipate all your inquiries. I left Auburn this morning at 9 o'clock, after breakfast; I got here at rather a late hour, for rather a late dinner. [A voi
Doc. 5.--Toombs' address, Dec. 23, 1860. I came here to secure your constitutional rights, and to demonstrate to you that you can get no guarantee for those rights from your Northern confederates. The whole subject was referred to a Committee of Thirteen in the Senate. I was appointed on the Committee, and accepted the trust. I submitted propositions, which, so far from receiving decided support from a single member of the Republican party of the Committee, were all treated with derision or contempt. A vote was then taken in the Committee on amendments to the Constitution proposed by Hon. J. J. Crittenden, and each and all of them were voted against unanimously by the Black Republican members of the Committee. In addition to these facts, a majority of the Black Republican members of the Committee declared distinctly that they had no guarantees to offer, which was silently acquiesced in by the other members. The Black Republican members of this Committee of Thirteen are rep
Doc. 6.--letter of South Carolina. Congressmen to the speaker of the House of Representatives. Sir: We avail ourselves of the earliest opportunity since the official communication of the intelligence, of making known to your honorable body that the people of the State of South Carolina, in their sovereign capacity, have resumed the powers heretofore delegated by them to the Federal Government of the United States, and have thereby dissolved our connection within the House of Represeutatives. In talking leave of those with whom we have been associated in a common agency, we, as well as the people of our Commonwealth, desire to do so with a feeling of mutual regard and respect for each other — cherishing the hope that in our future relations we may better enjoy that peace and harmony essential to the happiness of a free and enlightened people. Dec. 24. John McQueen, M. L. Bonham, W. W. Boyce, J. D. Ashmore, To the speaker of the House of Representatives
Doc. 7.--evacuation of Fort Moultrie. It was given out yesterday at Fort Moultrie, on I Sullivan's Island, that an attack was expected to be made upon it by the people of this city, and that therefore it would be necessary to remove the wives and children of the men to a more secure place. Accordingly three schooners were engaged, which hauled up to the Fort wharf and loaded with what was supposed by the few persons resident on the island, to be the bedding and furniture of the men's families. It was given out that these vessels were to land their passengers and their goods at Fort Johnson, on James Island; and they hoisted sail and apparently steered for that point. On last night, at about half-past 9 o'clock, the entire force, with the exception of about six or eight men, embarked on board of their own row boats, and proceeded to Fort Sumter, which they garrisoned at once, and where they met the persons who had left in the schooners, with many munitions of war which they
Doc. 8.--forts Sumter and Moultrie. In order to ascertain truthful statements of the actual damage done to the forts, of the causes of the movement, and of the state of affairs generally, reporters were despatched to the scene during the forenoon. On the way across the harbor, the hoisting of the American flag from the staff of Fort Sumter, at precisely 12 o'clock, gave certain indication that the stronghold was occupied by the troops of the United States. On a nearer approach the fortress was discovered to be occupied, the guns appeared to be mounted, and sentinels were discovcred on duty, and the place to give every sign of occupancy and military discipline. The grim fortress frowined defiance on every side; the busy notes of preparation resounded through its unforbidding recesses, and everything seenied to indicate the utmost alacrity in the work on hand. Turning towards Fort Moultrie, a dense cloud of smoke was seen to pour from the end facing the sea. Tlie flagsta
Doc. 9.--Major Anderson's movement. We must own that the news of the transaction in Charleston harbor was learned by us yesterday with a prouder beating of the heart. We could not bu feel once more that we had a country--a fact which has been to a certain degree in suspense for some weeks past. What is given up for the moment is of no consequence, provided the one point, stands out clear, that the United States means to maintain its position, where its rights exist, and that its officers, civil and military, intend to discharge their duty. The concentration of the disposable force in Charleston harbor in a defensible post, is thus a bond of union. It is a decisive act, calculated to rally the national heart. * * We are not disposed to allow the Union to be broken up for grievances of South Carolina, which might be settled within the Union; and if there is to be any fighting, we prefer it within, rather than without. The abandonment of Fort Moultrie was obviously a necessary
Doc. 10.--Secretary Floyd to the President. war Department, Dec. 29, 1860. Sir: On the morning of the 27th inst. I read the following paper to you in the presence of the Cabinet: counsel Chamber, Executive mansion. Sir: It is evident now from the action of the Commander of Fort Moultrie, that the solemn pledges of the Government have been violated by Major Anderson. In my judgment but one remedy is now left us by which to vindicate our honor and prevent civil war. It is in vain now to hope for confidence on the part of the people of South Carolina in any further pledges as to the action of the military. One remedy is left, and that is to withdraw the garrison from the harbor of Charleston. I hope the President will allow me to make that order at once. This order, in my judgment, can alone prevent bloodshed and civil war. (Signed.) John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. I then considered the honor of the Administration pledged to maintain the troops in the p
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