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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 26 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cedar Mountain, battle of (search)
and he sent forward General Ewell under the thick mask of the forest. Early's brigade of that division was thrown upon the Culpeper road. The Confederates planted batteries, and opened fire upon Crawford's batteries. Before Crawford and Banks were about 20,000 veteran soldiers in line of battle. Against these Banks moved towards evening, and almost simultaneously fell upon Jackson's right and left. The attacking force was composed of the division of General Auger (the advance led by General Geary) and the division of General Williams, of which Crawford's brigade was a part. The battle now became general, and raged for an hour and a half, during which deeds of great valor were performed on both sides. The Nationals, outnumbered, were pushed back after much loss by both parties. At dusk Ricketts's division of McDowell's corps came upon the field, and checked the pursuit. Artillery firing was kept up until near midnight. Later in the evening Sigel's corps arrived, and these rei
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chinese exclusion acts. (search)
y prohibited. Notwithstanding this exclusion act, many Chinamen still found entrance into the United States by first landing in British Columbia, whence they were systematically smuggled across the border. It was estimated that the number of laborers thus surreptitiously introduced into the United States averaged not less than 1,500 per year for several years after the passage of the law. The feeling against the Chinese was especially strong on the Pacific slope. A bill promoted by Representative Geary, of California, and known as the Geary Act, became law May 5, 1892. By this measure the previous exclusion acts of 1882, 1884, and 1888 were re-enacted for ten years; all Chinamen were required to obtain certificates of residence, in default of which they were to be deported at the expense of the United States. Only about 12,000 out of 100,000 complied with the law. The question of its constitutionality was settled by a decision of the United States Supreme Court, May 15, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
t, with the exception of the slight reverse just named, crowned with dearly earned but uniform success to our arms, auspicious of a glorious termination of the final struggle. On these good omens the night fell. In the course of the night General Geary returned to his position on the right, from which he had hastened the day before to strengthen the 3d Corps. He immediately engaged the enemy, and, after a sharp and decisive action, drove them out of our lines, recovering the ground which had been lost on the preceding day. A spirited contest was kept up all the morning on this part of the line; but General Geary, reinforced by Wheaton's brigade of the 6th Corps, maintained his position, and inflicted very severe losses on the rebels. Such was the cheering commencement of the third day's work, and with it ended all serious attempts of the enemy on our right. As on the preceding day, his efforts were now mainly directed against our left centre and left wing. From eleven till
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Geary, John White 1819- (search)
Geary, John White 1819- Military officer; born in Mount Pleasant, Westmoreland co., Pa., Dec. 30, 1819; became a civil engineer, and served as lieutenant-colonel of a Pennsylvania regiment of volunteers in the war with Mexico, wherein he was wounded, and for gallant services was made colonel of his regiment. He was first commander of the city of Mexico after its capture. He went to San Francisco in 1848, and was the first mayor of that city. Returning to Pennsylvania, he was appointed territorial governor of Kansas in July, 1856, an office he held one year. Early in 1861 he raised and equipped the 28th regiment of Pennsylvania volunteers. In the spring of 1862 Emily Geiger's arrest. he was promoted brigadier-general, and did good service throughout the war, becoming, at the end of Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea, military governor of Savannah and brevet major-general. In 1866 he was elected governor of Pennsylvania, and held the office till within two weeks of hi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gettysburg, battle of. (search)
ysburg, when nearly 40,000 men of the two armies, who were effective thirty-six hours before, were dead or wounded. The advantage seemed to be with the Confederates, for they held the ground in advance of Gettysburg which the Nationals had held the previous day. During the night Meade made provision for expelling the Confederate intrusion on the National right by placing a heavy artillery force in that direction. Under cover of these guns a strong force made an attack, and for four hours Geary's division kept up a desperate struggle. Then the Confederates fell back, and the right was made secure. Now Ewell was repulsed on the right, and Round Top, on the left, was impregnable; so Lee determined to strike Meade's centre with a force that should crush it. At noon (July 3) he had 145 cannon in battery along the line occupied by Longstreet and Hill. All night General Hunt, of the Nationals, had been arranging the artillery from Cemetery Hill to Little Round Top, where the expecte
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
ax rate was $5.50 per $1,000; and the bonded debt (Sept. 1) was $583,000, all held in State funds. See United States, Kansas, vol. IX. Territorial governors. Name.Term. Andrew H. Reeder. Pa1854 to 1855 Wilson Shannon, O.1855 to 1856 John W. Geary, Pa1856 to 1857 Robert J. Walker, Miss1857 to 1858 J. W. Denver1858 Samuel Medary1858 to 1861 George M. Bebee1861 State governors. Name.Term. Charles Robinson1861 to 1862 Thomas Carney1862 to 1864 S. J. Crawford1864 to 1868 Jamessailants lost five killed, and thirty buildings were burned. At the annual election at Leavenworth, a party from Missouri killed and wounded several of the anti-slavery men, burned their houses, and forced about 150 to embark for St. Louis. John W. Geary, who had been appointed governor, arrived in Kansas early in September, and ordered all armed men to lay down their weapons; but Missouri men, in number about 2,000, and forming three regiments of artillery, marched to attack Lawrence. Geary
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Pennsylvania, (search)
onPresident1782 Benjamin FranklinPresident1785 Thomas MifflinGovernor From 1790, under the new State constitution, the executive has been termed governor instead of president.1788 Thomas McKean1799 Simon Snyder1808 William Findley1817 Joseph Hiester1820 J. Andrew Shulze1823 George Wolf1829 Joseph Ritner1837 David R. Porter1839 Francis R. ShunkResigned, 18481845 William F. JohnsonActing1849 William Bigler1852 James Pollock1855 William F. Packer1858 Andrew G. Curtin1861 John W. Geary1867 John F. Hartranft1873 State governors—Continued. Henry M. Hoyt1879 Robert E. Pattison1883 James A. Beaver1887 Robert E. Pattison1891-1895 Daniel H. Hastings1895-1899 William A. Stone1899-1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. William Maclay1st to 2d1789 to 1791 Robert Morris1st to 4th1789 to 1795 Albert Gallatin3d1793 to —— James Ross3d to 8th1794 to 1803 William Bingham4th to 7th1795 to 1799 John Peter G. Muhlenberg7th1801 to 1802 George Logan<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ridge, of Kentucky, for Vice-President. Franklin Pierce and Stephen A. Douglas were also candidates for the Presidency, but were withdrawn on the fifteenth and sixteenth ballots.] First Republican National Convention held at Philadelphia......June 17, 1856 [On the first formal ballot John Charles Fremont, of California, was nominated for President, 329 votes to 37 for McLean, of Ohio, and one for W. H. Seward; William L. Dayton, of New Jersey, was nominated for Vice-President.] John W. Geary, of Pennsylvania, appointed governor of Kansas, in place of Shannon......July 1, 1856 Committee appointed by the House, March 19, 1856, consisting of John Sherman, of Ohio; William A. Howard, of Michigan, and M. Oliver, of Missouri, to inquire into the Kansas troubles, reports: First, that the election held by the free-State party was not illegal; second, that the elections under the alleged territorial laws were carried by invaders from Missouri; third, that the alleged territorial l
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
6 Convention of Kansas aid committees at Buffalo, N. Y., to raise money for Kansas, presided over by Governor Reeder......July 9-10, 1856 Senate confirms John W. Geary, of Pennsylvania, as governor of Kansas......July 31, 1856 House of Representatives makes vigorous efforts to relieve Kansas of the bogus laws. Senate refunworth a Yankee scalp. (He was afterwards tried and acquitted)......Aug. 19, 1856 Governor Shannon receives notice of his removal and of the appointment of John W. Geary, of Pennsylvania......Aug. 21, 1856 David Atchison chosen commander of pro-slavery troops in the Territory; Stringfellow assists him in concentrating an armlater by James Montgomery's retaliatory measures......August, 1856 William Phillips, free-State, killed at a Leavenworth city election......Sept. 1, 1856 John W. Geary, of Pennsylvania, third territorial governor, promises in his inaugural address justice and fair play; orders the territorial militia to disband and other arme