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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 4 2 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 3 1 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
ve-labor State, and therefore considered a traitor to the South, was reserved for a special act of barbarity. While on his way toward Jackson, Tennessee, the day after the Confederates retreated from Fort Pillow, he was led about fifty yards from the line of march, and then deliberately murdered. He fell dead, pierced with three musket-balls. Testimony of one of Forrest's men before a Congressional committee. See the Report on the Massacre at Fort Pillow. Forrest's motto, said Major Charles W. Gibson, of his command, to the writer, was: War means fight, and fight means kill--we want but few prisoners. See page 638, volume II. By his foul deed at Fort Pillow, Forrest won for himself an imperishable record of infamy in the annals of his country, as dark as that gained by Butler, the leader of the Tories and Indians in the massacre in the Wyoming Valley during the Old War for Independence. The officers and men seemed to vie with each other in the devilish work. Men, women, a
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 14: Sherman's campaign in Georgia. (search)
e his first charge. His troops were pouring into a gap between Dodge and Blair; and just as McPherson had given an order for a brigade to move up and fill that gap, a Confederate sharp-shooter, of the same name, shot the brave leader dead. General McPherson had thrown himself flat on his horse, and attempted to fly, when Major McPherson, of the Fifth Regiment of the Confederate army, drew up his carbine, took deliberate aim, and shot the General.--Oral Statement to the author by Major Charles W. Gibson, of Forrest's cavalry. His riderless and wounded horse made his way back to the Union lines, and the body of the hero was recovered during the heat of battle, and was sent in charge of his personal staff back to Marietta. The suddenness of this calamity, General Sherman afterward said, would have overwhelmed me with grief, but the living demanded my whole thoughts. Speaking of General McPherson, Sherman said: He was a noble youth, of striking personal appearance [see page 285]
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 15: Sherman's March to the sea.--Thomas's campaign in Middle Tennessee.--events in East Tennessee. (search)
osed of some of Wheeler's cavalry, a body of militia, and convicts from the Milledgeville penitentiary, already mentioned. Most of the latter, dressed in their prison garb, were captured in a skirmish that ensued, and Howard crossed the river without much difficulty. Slocum also moved to Sandersville from Milledgeville, and had some skirmishing near the former, with the main body of Wheeler's cavalry. At the same time Kilpatrick moved from Gordon to Milledgeville, and thence by Sparta and Gibson to Waynesboroa, on the Augusta and Millen railway, for the threefold purpose of making a feint toward Augusta, covering the passage of the main army over the Ogeechee River, and making an effort to liberate the prisoners at Millen. It was intended to deceive the Confederates with the impression that Augusta, and not the sea-coast, was Sherman's destination, and so possibly prevent the removal of the captives from Millen. The value of Augusta to the Confederates, as a manufactory of canno
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pillow, Fort (search)
the defenseless men, who begged for quarter. Within the fort like scenes were exhibited. Soldiers and civilians— men, women, and children, white and black—were indiscriminately slaughtered. The massacre continued until night, and was renewed in the morning. Fully 300 were murdered in cold blood. Major Bradford, who was a native of a slave-labor State, was a special object of Forrest's hatred. He regarded him as a traitor to the South. While on his way towards Jackson, Tenn., as a prisoner of war, the day after the Confederates left Fort Pillow, the major was taken from the line of march and deliberately murdered. So testified one of Forrest's cavalry before a congressional committee. Forrest had determined to strike terror in the minds of colored troops and their leaders. This seemed to be his chosen method. Maj. Charles W. Gibson, of Forrest's command. said to the late Benson J. Lossing, Forrest's motto was. War means fight, and fight means kill—we want but few pris
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Portsmouth, (search)
Portsmouth, The present county seat of Rockingham county, N. H., with a population (1900) of 9,827; was founded at Strawberry Bank, at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, by Mason, who tried to be lord of the manor ; but his people were too independent to allow special privileges to any one. An Episcopalian named Gibson was the first minister at Portsmouth, for whom a chapel was built in 1638. He was dismissed by the General Court of Massachusetts, which claimed jurisdiction over that region, and a Puritan minister—James Parker—was put in his pl