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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Telegraph. (search)
Telegraph. A telegraph on an improved plan was invented by Jonathan Grant, of Belchertown, Mass., as early as 1799. The inventor set up one of his lines between Boston and Martha's Vineyard, places 90 miles apart, at which distance he asked a question and received an answer in less than ten minutes. Until the perfecting of the electro-magnetic telegraph by Professor Morse in 1844, telegraphy was carried on by means of contrivances visible to the eye. The Morse system is now universally used, but seems yet in its infancy. The astonishing developments of its capabilities fill us with perpetual wonder, and its use has become an absolute necessity. Its growth has been marvellous. In 1846 three men conducted the entire telegraph business in the United States from a dingy basement in New York City; in 1900 there were 192,705 miles of poles and cables; 933,153 miles of wire; 22,900 offices; 63,167,783 messages handled; $24,758,569 gross receipts; and $18,593,205 expenditures.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Tennessee, (search)
ed Knoxville, Sept. 23, 1863. The Confederate General Buckner, upon his advance, evacuated east Tennessee and joined Bragg at Chattanooga. Early in November, General Livingstone, with 16,000 men, advanced against Knoxville. On the 14th he crossed the Tennessee. Burnside repulsed him on the 16th at Campbell's Station, thereby gaining time to concentrate his army in Knoxville. Longstreet advanced, laid siege to the town, and assaulted it twice (Nov. 18 and 29), but was repulsed. Meantime Grant had defeated Bragg at Chattanooga, and Sherman, with 25,000 men, was on the way to leave Knoxville. Livingstone, compelled to raise the siege, therefore, retired up the Holston River, but did not entirely abandon eastern Tennessee until the next spring, when he again joined Lee in Virginia. On Jan. 9, 1865, a State convention assembled at Nashville and proposed amendments to the constitution abolishing slavery and prohibiting the legislative recognition of property in man. The military l
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
athize with you. Public meetings were held in Texas, where resolutions to continue the contest were adopted. To meet this danger, General Sheridan was sent to New Orleans with a large force, and made preparations for a vigorous campaign in Texas. His appearance dismayed the trans-Mississippi insurgents, and they refused to longer follow their leaders in the hopeless struggle. General Smith formally surrendered his whole command to General Canby (May 26), but exhibited the bad faith, said Grant in his report, of first disbanding most of his army, and permitting an indiscriminate plunder of the public property. So ended the Civil War in the field. Andrew J. Hamilton was appointed by the President provisional governor in the summer of 1865, and measures were taken for the reorganization of civil government there. Under the reconstruction acts of 1867, Texas, with Louisiana, was made a military district, and subjected to military rule under General Sheridan. A convention assembl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trescot, William Henry 1822-1898 (search)
at McConkey's Ferry. graduated at Charleston College in 1840; admitted to the bar in 1843; assistant Secretary of State from December, 1860, till the secession of South Carolina; held a seat in the legislature of that State in 1862-66; began the practice of law in Washington in 1875; was a member of the commission of 1880 to revise the treaty with China; special agent to the belligerents of Peru, Chile, and Bolivia in 1881, and during the same year represented the government in the negotiations concerning its rights in the Isthmus of Panama; appointed with General Grant in 1882 to effect a commercial treaty with Mexico. His publications include A few thoughts on the foreign policy of the United States; The diplomacy of the Revolution; Diplomatic system of the United States; An American view of the Eastern question; The diplomatic history of the administrations of Washington and Adams; Address before the South Carolina Historical Society, etc. He died in Pendleton, S. C., May 4, 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
on boy murderer, for killing of Horace W. Millen, April 22, 1874, supposed to be Pomeroy's fourth victim......1875 Gen. O. E. Babcock, private secretary of President Grant, tried at St. Louis for complicity in whiskey frauds; acquitted......Feb. 7, 1876 W. W. Belknap, United States Secretary of War, impeached; acquitted...... duty for twelve years on half-pay; trial opens......Nov. 15, 1884 James D. Fish, president of the Marine Bank, of New York, secretly connected with the firm of Grant & Ward, convicted of misappropriation of funds, April 11, and sentenced to ten years at hard labor in Sing Sing, N. Y.......June 27, 1885 Ferdinand Ward, of the suspended firm of Grant & Ward, New York City, indicted for financial frauds, June 4; convicted and sentenced to ten years at hard labor in Sing Sing......Oct. 31, 1885 [Released, April 30, 1892.] Henry W. Jaehne, vice-president of the New York common council, for receiving a bribe to support Jacob Sharp's Broadway surface
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ulke, Henry 1821- (search)
Ulke, Henry 1821- Portrait-painter; born in Frankenstein, Prussia, Jan. 29, 1821; studied under Professor Wach, in Berlin, in 1842-46; employed in fresco-painting in the Royal Museum, Berlin, in 1846-48; came to the United States in 1851; settled in Washington in 1857. His works include portraits of General Grant, James G. Blaine, Gen. John Sherman, Charles Sumner, Secretary Edwin M. Stanton, Attorney-General Garland, etc., for the United States government.