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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Pennsylvania, (search)
enry M. Hoyt1879 Robert E. Pattison1883 James A. Beaver1887 Robert E. Pattison1891-1895 Daniel H. Hastings1895-1899 William A. Stone1899-1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. William Maclay1st to 2d1789 to 1791 Robert Morris1st to 4th1789 to 1795 Albert Gallatin3d1793 to —— James Ross3d to 8th1794 to 1803 William Bingham4th to 7th1795 to 1799 John Peter G. Muhlenberg7th1801 to 1802 George Logan7th to 9th1801 to 1805 Samuel Maclay8th to 10th1803 to 1808 Andrew Gregg10th to 13th1807 to 1813 Michael Leib10th to 13th1809 to 1814 Abner Lacock13th to 16th1813 to 1819 Jonathan Roberts13th to 17th1814 to 1821 Walter Lowrie16th to 19th1819 to 1825 William Findley17th to 20th1821 to 1827 William Marks19th to 22d1825 to 1831 Isaac D. Barnard20th to 22d1827 to 1831 George M. Dallas22d to 23d1831 to 1833 William Wilkins22d to 23d1831 to 1834 Samuel McKean23d to 26th1833 to 1839 James Buchanan23d to 29th1834 to 1845 Daniel Sturgeon26th to 32d1839 to 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Petersburg. (search)
lated. Then the great guns of the Nationals opened a heavy cannonade upon the remainder of the Confederate works, with precision and fatal effect, all along the line; but, owing partly to the slowness of motion of a portion of the assaulting force, the result was a most disastrous failure on the part of the assailants. A fortnight later General Grant sent another expedition to the north side of the James, at Deep Bottom, composed of the divisions of Birney and Hancock, with cavalry under Gregg. They had sharp engagements with the Confederates on Aug. 13, 16, and 18, in which the Nationals lost about 5,000 men without gaining any special advantage excepting the incidental one of giving assistance to troops sent to seize the Weldon Railway south of Petersburg. This General Warren effected on Aug. 18. Three days afterwards he repulsed a Confederate force which attempted to recapture the portion of the road held by the Unionists; and on the same day (Aug. 21) General Hancock, who ha
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Royal Ferry, battle of. (search)
ession of Port Royal Sound and the neighboring islands (Nov. 7, 1861), the only stand made by the Confederates in defence of the South Carolina coast islands was at Port Royal Ferry, on the Coosa, at the close of the year. Gen. R. S. Ripley, formerly of the National army, who had joined the Confederates, was in command of that seacoast district, and had established a fortified post at the ferry. When the Nationals landed at Beaufort it had a garrison estimated to be 8,000 strong, under Generals Gregg and Pope. The Nationals proceeded to expel them. For this purpose a joint land and naval force, the former commanded by Brigadier-General Stevens, and the latter by Commodore C. R. P. Rogers, proceeded to attack them. Stevens had about 4,000 troops— of New York, Pennsylvania, and Michigan; and the naval force consisted of four gunboats, an armed ferry-boat, and four large row-boats, each carrying a 12-pounder howitzer. The expedition moved on the evening of Dec. 31. The land and nav
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Raymond, battle of (search)
tant railway connecting Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, with Vicksburg. His army moved in parallel lines on the eastern side of the river. These were led respectively by Generals McClernand and McPherson, and each was followed by portions of Sherman's corps. When, on the morning of April 12, the van of each column was approaching the railway near Raymond, the county seat of Hinds county, the advance of McPherson's corps, under Logan, was attacked by about 6,000 Confederates under Generals Gregg and Walker. It was then about 10 A. M. Logan received the first blow and bore the brunt of the battle. Annoyed by Michigan guns, the Confederates dashed forward to capture them and were repulsed. McPherson ordered an advance upon their new position, and a very severe conflict ensued, in which the Nationals lost heavily. The Confederates maintained an unbroken front until Colonel Sturgis, with an Illinois regiment, charged with fixed bayonets and broke their line into fragments, drivi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sheridan, Philip Henry 1831-1888 (search)
l of volunteers. He afterwards rendered signal service in the battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, when he was transferred to the Army of the Potomac (April, 1864) as chief of cavalry. When the Federal army emerged from the Wilderness, in 1864, General Sheridan was sent to cut Lee's communications with Richmond. This was the first of the great raids of that leader in Virginia, and was a short but destructive one. He took with him a greater portion of the cavalry led by Merritt, Gregg, and Wilson, crossed the North Anna on May 9, and struck the Virginia Central Railroad, capturing Beaver Dam Station. He destroyed 10 miles of the railway, its rolling stock, 1,500,000 rations, and released 400 Union prisoners on their way to Richmond. There he was attacked by Stuart and his cavalry, but was not much impeded thereby. He pushed forward, and on the morning of the 11th captured Ashland Station, on the Fredericksburg road, a few miles from Richmond, where he destroyed the rai
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, Charles Henry 1827- (search)
Smith, Charles Henry 1827- Military officer; born in Hollis, Me., Nov. 1, 1827; was made captain of the 1st Maine Cavalry soon after the beginning of the Civil War; rose to colonel in the spring of 1863, and was active as a cavalry officer in the campaigns in Virginia and at Gettysburg that year. He was with Sheridan in his operations in May and June, 1864, and was one of the most efficient cavalry officers of the Army of the Potomac in the campaign against Richmond that year, commanding a brigade of Gregg's division south and west of Petersburg, and then in the later operations, that resulted in the capture of Lee and his army. For gallant and meritorious services during the war he was brevetted major-general, United States army, in 1867; commissioned colonel of the 28th United States Infantry in 1866; transferred to the 19th Infantry in 1869; and was retired in 1891.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
g C. L. Vallandigham, and sends him into the Confederacy......May 22, 1863 Major-General Banks, investing the Confederate works at Port Hudson, assaults them without success......May 27, 1863 Fifty-fourth Massachusetts (colored), the first negro regiment sent from the North, departs for Hilton Head, S. C.......May 28, 1863 General Lee begins his movement for the invasion of the North......June 3, 1863 Cavalry battle at Beverly's Ford, Va., between Generals Pleasanton, Buford, and Gregg, and the Confederate Gen. J. E. B. Stuart......June 9, 1863 C. L. Vallandigham nominated for governor by the Ohio Democratic Convention......June 11, 1863 General Hooker begins the movement of his army northward from the Rappahannock......June 13-15, 1863 Battle of Winchester, Va.; General Ewell defeats the United States troops under General Milroy......June 14-15, 1863 President Lincoln calls for 100,000 men for six months to resist the invasion of Pennsylvania......June 15, 186
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilderness, battle of the (search)
Wilderness, battle of the At midnight on May 3, 1864, the Army of the Potomac, fully 100,000 strong, fresh and hopeful, and with an immense army-train, began its march towards Richmond. The right was composed of the corps of Warren and Sedgwick, and the left of that of Hancock. Warren's cavalry, preceded by that of Wilson, crossed the Rapidan at Germania Ford on the morning of the 4th, followed by Sedgwick. The left, preceded by Gregg's cavalry, and followed by the entire army-train of wagons, 4,000 in number, crossed at Ely's Ford at the same time. Burnside's 9th Corps, left behind in anticipation of a possible move of Lee on Washington, crossed the Rapidan and joined the army on the 5th, when the whole force had pushed on into the region known as The wilderness, beyond Chancellorsville, and well on the right flank of the Confederate army lying behind strong intrenchments on Mine Run. The whole force of the National army was now about 130,000 men, of whom a little more than