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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 274 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 5 1 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 4: campaign of the Army of the Cumberland from Murfreesboro'to Chattanooga. (search)
me of the battle of Chickamauga. army on the eastern side of the Chickamauga, and, early on the morning of the 18th, when the advance of Longstreet's corps, under Hood, was coming up, he massed his troops heavily on his right, attacked Minty and Wilder, who fought gallantly at the bridges, and pushed the National left back to the Lafayette and Rossville road. Early in the evening, Hood, with a division, took post on Bragg's extreme right. Bushrod Johnson's Virginians took a firm position on the west side of the creek, and, before midnight, nearly two-thirds of the Confederates had crossed over, and held all the fords of the Chickamauga, from Lee and Gorflank of his foe, and gaining his rear and his communications. Bragg formed his army into two corps, the right commanded by General Polk, and the left by General Longstreet Hood taking the place of the latter until the arrival of his chief. Arrangements were made for crossing the Chickamauga at different points simultaneously,
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 4: Yorktown and Williamsburg (search)
at Williamsburg had proved a double victory, for it had prevented Franklin's division from being reenforced so as to be either formidable or aggressive. It arrived at the mouth of the Pamunkey at 5 P. M. on the 6th. During the night it disembarked and next morning reconnoitred its vicinity and took a defensive position, sending Newton's and Slocum's brigades through a large wood to examine the country beyond. On the far edge of that wood about 9 A. M. their skirmishers ran into those of Hood's and Hampton's brigades of Whiting's division, which were there to see that our trains passed without interruption. The Federals fell back and were followed until they were under the protection of Franklin's intrenched camp, and all our trains passed unmolested. The Federals reported: killed 48, wounded 110, missing 28, total 186. The Confederate loss was but 8 killed, and 40 wounded, and they captured 46 prisoners. There was no further effort to interfere with our retreat. This
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 5: Seven Pines or fair Oaks (search)
eet. Whiting's five brigades, however, were at hand. Three of them, Whiting's, Hood's, and Pettigrew's, were at the fork of the Nine Mile and New Bridge roads; Hatt report. Soon after 4 P. M., Whiting's five brigades were put in motion, with Hood in front. Hood was directed to leave the Nine Mile road to his left and to pushHood was directed to leave the Nine Mile road to his left and to push over toward the York River Railroad, and find Hill's troops, while the remaining brigades moved down the railroad. Already there had been upon the railroad all day ent, and directed the attack to be renewed at once by all the brigades present. Hood's brigade might have been recalled, and several batteries of artillery, not far e reported as follows: — Johnston's battleSTRENGTHKILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGtotal Hood's Brigade1,9221313 Hampton's2,22545284329 Whiting's (Law)2,3982828642356 Pettwoods. Looking for some one from whom I could get information, I finally saw Gen. Hood, and asked him the meaning of what I saw. He told me that he did not know any
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
Gen. Longstreet, and later, Jackson's men on my right and centre, and my division was relieved of the weight of the contest. It was then continued on more equal terms, and finally the extreme left of the enemy's line was most gallantly carried by Hood's brigade. At seven o'clock the General-in-chief, in person, gave me an order to advance my whole line and to communicate this order as far as I could to all commanders of troops. This was done, and a general advance being made, the enemy werr of much of the fighting is shown by some of the regimental losses, although in many instances the reports give only the total casualties for the Seven Days, and do not distinguish between the battles. The charge by Whiting's two brigades, under Hood and Law, was notable for being driven home on the first effort, without halting to open fire. The 4th Tex., the first regiment to enter the enemy's works, lost 44 killed and 206 wounded. There was no thicket or obstruction to seriously check the
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 10: Cedar Mountain (search)
d on to Gordonsville. He hoped that Pope would construe the move as a confession of weakness and would be inspired by it and his own boastings to follow. This strategy was very nearly successful. On Aug. 12, Pope, having heard that the reenforcements under Burnside would soon join him, wired Halleck that, on their arrival, he would cross the Rapidan and advance upon Louisa C. H. This would have given the Confederates the very opportunity desired. On Aug. 13, Lee had ordered Longstreet and Hood, with 12 brigades, to proceed by rail to Gordonsville, and, on the 14th, he also ordered up Anderson's division of infantry, three brigades, and Stuart's cavalry. On the 15th he went up in person and took the command. The casualties at Cedar Mountain had been as follows: — Confederate:killed 229,wounded 1047,missing 31,total 1307 Federal:killed 314,wounded 1445,missing 622,total 2381 The Confederate losses were distributed among nine brigades of infantry and one of cavalry, and we
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 11: second Manassas (search)
s heavy fire of artillery disclosed his force in front of the Gap, Longstreet at once took measures to turn the position. Hood, with his two brigades, was ordered to cross the mountain by a cattle trail a short distance to the north, and Wilcox's di Confederates, and on the morning of the 28th the remainder of Jones's division marched through the Gap, and was joined by Hood and Wilcox from their respective routes by the cattle trail and Hopewell Gap. By noon Lee and Longstreet had arrived at Gking only a reconnoissance in force, reserving the attack until dawn next morning, and to this Lee agreed. Accordingly, Hood's and Evans's brigades were ordered to advance for the reconnoissance, and Wilcox's division was withdrawn from the rear oonnoissance preparatory to an attack at dawn, which Longstreet had suggested as better than one so late in the afternoon. Hood and Evans had been charged to examine the enemy's positions carefully, and to report as to the feasibility of the morning
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 12: Boonsboro or South Mountain, and Harper's Ferry (search)
s Longstreet'sMcLawsKershaw, Semmes, Cobb, Barksdale5 Anderson, R. H.Wilcox, Armistead, Mahone, Pryor, Featherstone, Wright4 Jones, D. R.Toombs, Drayton, Garnett, Kemper, Jenkins, Anderson, G. T.4 Walker, J. G.Walker, J. G. Ransom2 EvansEvans, Hood, Law3 Reserve ArtilleryWashington Artillery, Lee's Battalion10 Total 1st Corps5 Divisions21 Brigades, 28 Batteries, 112 Guns28 2d Corps Jackson'sEwellLawton, Trimble, Early, Hays7 Hill, A. P.Branch, Archer, Gregg, Pender, Field, Thomas7 Jackshe new position should be at Sharpsburg, behind the Antietam River, distant from Turner's Gap about 10 miles. D. H. Hill's troops were first withdrawn, and were followed by the rest of the infantry and artillery. Fitz-Lee's brigade of cavalry and Hood's and Whiting's brigades of infantry acted as rear-guard to the column. My reserve ordnance train, of about 80 wagons, had accompanied Lee's headquarters to Hagerstown, and had also followed the march back to Boonsboro. I was now ordered to cr
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 13: Sharpsburg or Antietam (search)
s cavalry, which held a road nearer the river. Hood's two brigades had their left upon the pike, antle. The engagement in the afternoon between Hood and Hooker's advance was quite sharp, Hood advaHood advancing Law's brigade to the support of his skirmishers and driving back until dark the enemy's advanc to its support. Not far in their front were Hood's two unfortunate brigades who had not yet gottrs. When the fighting ceased the night before, Hood, moved by the hunger of his men, had gone to Lead none available. He suggested, however, that Hood should see Jackson. Hood rode a long time in sHood rode a long time in search of Jackson, and at last found him alone, asleep on the ground at the root of a tree. Jackson , being borne to the rear on a litter, and here Hood found Hays with about 40 men, whom he had rallid, already thickly strewn with dead and dying. Hood's brigades had made the successful charge at Ga4068493917 Ransom411414186 Total181825971103 Hood's Div. Wofford6941762548 Law5339025468 Artil[12 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
al23,104 1ST corps, Longstreet's (Continued) DIVISIONBRIGADES and ARTILLERYPRESENT for duty Hood'sTotal carried forward Law's, Robertson's, Anderson's, Benning's23,104 Unorganized Artillery, 3 orps, LongstreetSTRENGTH2D corps, JacksonSTRENGTH Anderson's Division7,639Ewell's Division7,716 Hood's Division7,334A. P. Hill's Division11,554 McLaws's Division 7,898D. H. Hill's Division8,944 Piow, and had only arrived upon the field on the 12th. Previously this flank had been held only by Hood's division, and during its stay, little probability of attack had been foreseen. Consequently, HHood made but two works of preparation. On the edge of the woods, overlooking the railroad, a trench had been dug long enough to hold a brigade and a half; and through the thick wood 500 yards in the other half of Brockenbrough's and Archer's brigade occupied the trenches which had been built by Hood. Archer's left rested on a swampy portion of the wood overgrown with underbrush, and it had care
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 15: Chancellorsville (search)
, it was poor policy to take the risk of battle against enormous odds, with one-fourth of his infantry absent. As might have been expected, under the difficult circumstances attending our transportation either by wagon or by rail, Pickett's and Hood's divisions could not be gotten back in time for the battle, and our victory was the product of lucky accident combined with sublime audacity, desperate fighting, and heavy losses. Hooker proved himself a good organizer. When placed in commandng. It is interesting to learn the cause. Reports from the balloons and signal officers had informed him of the march of a force toward Chancellorsville, estimated at two corps. Rumors had also been brought by deserters, the night before, that Hood's division had rejoined Lee, coming from Suffolk, but Hooker's information from Fortress Monroe should have shown that to be impossible. There is no sign of any hesitation upon his part until 2 P. M. At that hour he wired Butterfield, his chief o
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