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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 22 0 Browse Search
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between them and the white men. The natives round Cape Fear obtained protection against kidnappers, and requited this security by kindness towards mariners shipwrecked on their coast. The government was organized as it had been in Maryland, the proprietaries appointing the council, the people electing the house of assembly. The defence of the colony rested on the militia. With the Spaniards at St. Augustine friendly relations sprung up: a Quaker could respect the faith of a Papist. Four Indians, converts of the Spanish priests, captives to the Yammasees, and exposed to sale as slaves, were ransomed by Archdale, and sent to the governor of St. Augustine. I shall manifest reciprocal kindness, was his reply, and shall always observe a good correspondence with you; and, when an English vessel was wrecked on Florida, the Spaniards retaliated the benevolence of Archdale. The fame of Carolina, the American Canaan, that flowed with milk and honey, began to increase. The industrious S
able ash-tree still lives, beneath which Mary of the Incarnation, so famed for chastened piety, genius, and good judgment, toiled, though in vain, for the culture of Huron children. Meantime, a colony of the Hurons had been estab- 1637 lished in the vicinity of Quebec; and the name of Silleri is the monument to the philanthropy of its projector. Here savages were to be trained to the faith and the manners of civilization. Of Montreal, selected to be a nearer rendezvous for converted Indians, possession was taken, in 1640, by a 1640 solemn mass, celebrated beneath a tent. In the following February, in France, at the cathedral of Our Lady 1641 of Paris, a general supplication was made that the Queen of Angels would take the Island of Montreal under her protection. In August of the same year, in the presence of the French gathered from all parts of Canada, and of the native warriors summoned from the wilderness, the festival of the assumption was solemnized Chap. XX.} on th
men from Carolina, allies of the Chickasas, invaded the neighboring tribes of Indians, making it easy for the French to establish alliances. Missionaries, also, ha the troublesome morasses; and St. Denys, with a motley group of Canadians and Indians, was sent to ramble for six months in the far west, that he might certainly fiSpanish commander 15. on the bay, with twenty-three soldiers and four hundred Indians, gave battle, and was defeated; but the Spanish fort was too strong to be carr the war party of about two hundred Feb. French and one hundred and forty-two Indians, who, with the aid of snow-shoes, and led by Hertel de Rouville, had walked onnd children, when a part, at least, of the savages were weary of it, with Algonquin Indians as allies, ascended the St. Francis, and, passing by the White Mountains, themselves, without pay, make up parties, and patrol the forests in search of Indians, as of old the woods were scoured for wild beasts, the chase was invigorated b
arliament, III. 100. Taxation, 101. Judiciary, 103. Currency, 104. Charters, 107. Progress, 369. Settlements, 371. Schools, 373. Press, 374. Relations with metropolis, 380. Checks on their industry, 384. Sugar colonies favored, 385. Paper money system, 386. Monopoly of trees for masts, 390. Slaves in, 415 Tend to independence, 464. Colonies, European, system of, I. 212 &c.; II. 42; III. 113, &c. Colonies, New England. See New England. Columbus, I. 6. Congress of Indians, III. 154. Congress, first American, II. 183. Connecticut colonized, I. 396. Its con stitution, 402. First charter, II. 54. Life in, 57. Uninterrupted peace, 60. Hartford and New Haven united, 83. Dutch settlement in, 283. Andros in, 406. Its charter hidden, 432. Under William and Mary, III. 66. Law of inheritance, 392. Copley, Lionel, III. 31. Coramines, or Corees, III. 239. Cotton cultivated, I. 179. Manufactures of, 416. Cotton, John, sketch of, 363. Credit
I. Iberville, Lemoine da, II. 199. Icelandic voyages, I. 3; III. 313. Illinois visited by Jesuits, III. 155. Early history of, 165. A fort built in, 167. Permanent settlement in, 195. Illinois tribe, III. 158, 241. Independents, origin of, I. 287. Indiana colonized, III. 346. Indians. See Aborigines. Indies, East, war in, III. 452. Ingle, rebellion of, I. 254. Ingoldsby in New York, II. 53. Iowa visited by Jesuits, III. 157. Iowas, Le Sueur among, II. 204. Iroquois attacked by Champlain, I. 28. Seen by Smith, 134. In Connecticut, 403. Treaty With, II. 255, 322. Their tribes and institutions, 417. Wars of, 418. Relations with New France, 419. Treaty with the English, 420. Meet De la Barre, 422. Their chiefs stolen, 425. Returned, 426. Visited by Jesuits, III. 132. Treaty with the French, 135. War with Hurons, 138. Missions among, 141. Invade Illinois, 167. Sack Montreal, 182. Contend with the French, 189. Make peace, 193. T
pi, 168. Leads a colony to Louisiana, 169. In Texas, 170. Murdered, 173. Saltonstall, Richard, denounces the slave trade, I. 174. Samoset, 316. Savannah, III. 420. Schenectady destroyed, III. 182. Senecas, II. 417. Separatists, 288. Shaftesbury, Lord, sketch of, II. 139 Minister, 436. Shawnees, III. 240. Silleri, II. 127. Sioux, III. 131. Slavery, history of, I. 159. In the middle ages, 161. Origin of negro slavery, 165. In Spain and Portugal, 166. Of Indians, 167. In the West Indies, 169. Opinion on, 171. In Massachusetts, 174. In Virginia, 176. In South Carolina, II. 171. In New Netherlands, 303. In New Jersey, 317. In Pennsylvania, 405. In Georgia, III, 426, 448. Slaves, negro, trade in, by England, I. 173. By Massachusetts men, 174. By English African company, III. 70. By the Dutch, 280. By the English, III. 232, 402. Their condition in Africa, 403. In America, 406. Their numbers, 406. Labors, 407. Emancipation, 408. I