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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cayuga Indians, (search)
Cayuga Indians, One of the four nations of the Iroquois Confederacy (q. v.), calling themselves Goiogwen, or Men of the woods. Tradition says that at the formation of the confederacy, Hi-a-wat-ha said to the Cayugas: You, Cayugas, a people whose habitation is the Dark Forest, and whose home is everywhere, shall be the fourth nation, because of your superior cunning in hunting. They inhabited the country about Cayuga Lake in central New York, and numbered about 300 warriors when first discovered by the French at the middle of the seventeenth century. The nation was composed of the families of the Turtle, Bear, and Wolf, like the other cantons, and also those of the Beaver, Snipe, Heron, and Hawk. They were represented in the congress of the league by ten sachems. Through Jesuit missionaries the French made fruitless attempts to Christianize the Cayugas and win them over to the French interest, but found them uniformly enemies. During the Revolutionary War the Cayugas were aga
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Central America, (search)
s, in his fourth voyage, in 1502. He found the bay of Honduras, where he landed; then proceeded along the main shore to Cape Gracias a Dios; and thence to the Isthmus of Darien, hoping, but in vain, to obtain a passage to the Pacific Ocean. At the isthmus he found a harbor, and, on account of its beauty and security, he called it Porto Bello. At another place in that country, on the Dureka River, he began a settlement with sixty-eight men; but they were driven off by a warlike tribe of Indians—the first repulse the Spaniards had ever met with. But for this occurrence, caused by the rapacity and cruelty of the Spaniards, Columbus might have had the honor of planting the first European colony on the continent of America. In 1509 Alonzo de Ojeda, with 300 soldiers, began a settlement on the east side of the Gulf of Darien. At the same time Diego Nicuessa, with six vessels and 780 men, began another settlement on the west side. Both were broken up by the fierce natives; and thus