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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.12 (search)
assigned to the First United States Cavalry, whose Colonel was Sumner and whose Lieutenant-Colonel was Joseph E. Johnston. Two years later, when I graduated, I was put in the Second Cavalry, serving in Texas. My Colonel was Albert Sidney Johnson; the Lieutenant-Colonel was R. E. Lee; the Majors were Hardee and George H. Thomas, and the two senior Captains Van Dorn and Kirby Smith. Stuart served with much distinction as a United States officer; had plenty of roving, riding, and fighting Indians. When John Brown's troops were marching on and took possession of the engine-house at Harper's Ferry, Stuart was in or near Washington on leave of absence, but he immediately volunteered for the occasion, and accompanied the then Colonel R. E. Lee as his aid to that place. He it was who, at great personal risk, carried the summons to surrender to Brown, and afterwards united in the charge the marines under Green made there when battering down the door, and largely contributed to end for
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
rigsby's regiment; was sent to Camp Morton; and corroborates the statement of Mr. Morris in regard to Camp Morton. He was soon, after his capture, sent to Camp Douglas near Chicago. In this place the prisoners were shot at by sharpshooters and Indians; sometimes were kept in close confinement for forty-eight hours. Sometimes a half dozen prisoners were placed upon a rude machine called Morgan's horse, which was very sharp, and compelled to sit more than two hours at a time, with weights to thAdairville, Logan county, Kentucky, says that he was surrendered by General Jno. Morgan, in Ohio, July 26th, 1863, and imprisoned at Camp Chase, then removed to Camp Douglas, where all of the horrors of that place were revived. In this camp Choctaw Indians were employed as guards. When money was given to the guards to buy provisions, they would pocket the money. The Indians shamed the whites for this breach of faith and petty theft. In November, 1863, seven escaped prisoners were returned,
May 4. Captain Howard Dwight, of General Andrew's staff, was killed near Washington, La., after having surrendered to a party of rebel scouts. General Banks at once ordered the arrest of one hundred white men nearest the place of assassination, to be held until further orders,--The sloop Empress, from Nassau, N. P., for Wihnington, N. C., was captured by the United States steamer Chocura.--The schooner Jupiter, bound to Mobile, Ala., was captured by the gunboat Colorado.-The Ninth regiment of New York volunteers (Hawkins's Zouaves) returned to New York from the seat of war in Eastern Virginia.--Captain Smith of the Second California volunteers, attacked a party of hostile Indians fifty miles south of Shell Creek, killing five of them and routing the rest.--The battle in the vicinity of Fredericksburgh, Va., was continued this day, the rebels succeeding in recovering nearly all the defences back of the town.--(Doc. 183.)
May 13. The expeditionary force under Colonel Davis, encountered a party of rebel guerrillas and Choctaw Indians at Pontchatoula, La., whom, after a brief skirmish, he dispersed, taking seventeen of the Choctaws prisoners. Colonel Davis afterward destroyed the rebel camp at Pontchatoula.--New Orleans Era. The English schooner Sea Bird was captured by the gunboat De Soto.--A skirmish took place at South-Union, Ky., between a party of rebels who fired upon a train and the Union guard, resulting in the defeat of the guerrillas, with considerable loss.--The schooners A. J. Hoge and Wonder were captured this day, the former at Mobile Bay, and the latter near Port Royal, S. C. Yazoo City, Miss., was this day captured by a fleet of Union gunboats, under the command of Lieutenant Walker. The rebel troops had evacuated the place, but not before destroying three rams that were being constructed in their navy-yard. Every thing of value in the navy-yard, and also a saw-mill, w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Choctaw Indians, (search)
Choctaw Indians, A tribe mostly Mobilians, and a peaceful agricultural people. Their domain comprised southern Mississippi and western Alabama. De Soto fought them in 1540. They became allies of the French in Louisiana, where they numbered about 2,500 warriors, and formed forty villages. In the Revolution they were mostly with the English, but were granted peaceable possession of their lands by the United States government. On Jan. 3, 1786, a treaty was made with the leaders of the nation, of the same purport and upon the same terms as that made with the Cherokees the previous year. As early as 1800, numbers of them went beyond the Mississippi, and in 1803 it was estimated that 500 families had emigrated. They served with the United States troops in the second war with England and in that with the Creeks, and in 1820 they ceded a part of their lands for a domain in what is now the Indian Territory. In 1830 they ceded the rest of their lands and joined their brethren w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Econochaca, battle at. (search)
Econochaca, battle at. Marching from Fort Deposit, in Butler county, Ala. (December, 1813), General Claiborne, pushing through the wilderness nearly 30 miles with horse and foot and friendly Choctaw Indians, arrived near Econochaca, or Holy Ground, a village built by Weathersford upon a bluff on the left bank of the Alabama, just below Powell's Ferry, Lowndes co., in an obscure place, as a city of refuge for the wounded and dispersed in battle, fugitives from their homes, and women and children. No path or trail led to it. It had been dedicated to this humane purpose by Tecumseh and the Prophet a few months before, and the Cherokees had been assured by them that, like Auttose, no white man could tread upon the ground and live. There the Indian priests performed their incantations, and in the square in the centre of the town the most dreadful cruelties had already been perpetrated. White prisoners and Creeks friendly to them had been there tortured and roasted. On the mornin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eggleston, George Cary, 1839- (search)
Eggleston, George Cary, 1839- Author; born in Vevay, Ind., Nov. 26, 1839; brother of Edward Eggleston; began the practice of law in Virginia; served in the Confederate army during the Civil War, and then removed to the West. His publications include Red Eagle and the War with the Creek Indians; Strange stories from history; an edition of Haydn's dictionary of dates; and compilations of American War ballads and Southern soldier stories.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Elective franchise. (search)
oned, tax delinquents excluded. Idaho Citizen; must have resided in State six months, county thirty days; Chinese, Indians, Mormons, felons, insane, convicted of treason or election bribery excluded. Illinois Citizen; must have resided iore election and lived in State two and a half years; must have resided in State six months, town or county twenty days; Indians, duellists, and accessories excluded. Minnesota Citizen or alien who has declared intention and civilized Indians;Indians; must have resided in United States one year prior to election, State four months, town or precinct ten days; persons convicted of treason or felony unless pardoned, under guardianship or insane excluded. Mississippi Citizen who can read or une laws convicted a second time excluded. Montana Citizen; must have resided in State one year, county thirty days; Indians, felons, and soldiers excluded. Nebraska Citizen or alien who has declared intention thirty days prior to election
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eliot, John, 1754-1690 (search)
f it, and translated the Bible into the Indian tongue. It is claimed that Eliot was the first Protestant minister who preached to the Indians in their native tongue. An Indian town called Natick was erected on the Charles River for the praying Indians in 1657, and the first Indian church was established there in 1660. During King John Eliot. Philip's War Eliot's efforts in behalf of the praying Indians saved them from destruction by the white people. He travelled extensively, visited may, Mass., May 20, 1690. The brief narrative. This was the last of Eliot's publications relating to the progress of Christianity among the American Indians. Its full title was: A brief narrative of the progress of the Gospel amongst the Indians in New England, in the year 1670, given in by the Reverend Mr. John Elliot, minister of the Gospel there, in a letter by him directed to the right Worshipfull the commissioners under his Majesties Great-seal for Propagation of the Gospel amongst
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emucfau, battle of. (search)
Emucfau, battle of. On a bend in the Tallapoosa River, in Alabama, was a Creek village named Emucfau. Jackson, with a considerable force, approaching the place (Jan. 21, 1814), saw a wellbeaten trail and some prowling Indians, and prepared his camp that night for an attack. At six o'clock the next morning a party of Creek warriors fell upon him with great fury. At dawn a vigorous cavalry charge was made upon the foe by General Coffee, and they were dispersed. Coffee pursued the barbarians for 2 miles with much slaughter. Then a party was despatched to destroy the Indian encampment at Emucfau, but it was found to be too strongly fortified to be taken without artillery. When Coffee fell back to guard approaching cannon, the Indians, thinking it was a retreat, again fell upon Jackson, but, after a severe struggle, were repulsed. Jackson made no further attempt to destroy the encampment at Emucfau. He was astonished at the prowess of the Creek warriors. In their retrograd
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