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dges of Winnebagoes, and many Kickapoos, Pottawattamies, and other Indians, were present with the British band in the campaign of 1832. The his conspiracy — not by direct collision between the white men and Indians, but by one of those bloody outrages of one tribe upon another, sohe Falls of St. Anthony, surrounded as it was by powerful bands of Indians, precluded the possibility of drawing any portion of the force fro Here the commanding officer was informed that the British band of Indians, under Mucatah-mich-i-ca-Kaik Spelled, by McKenny and Hall, Mash us to keep at peace, and have nothing to do with the Rock River Indians. We will do so. In token of our intentions, you see we have laid neral Atkinson, having sent several persons to the British band of Indians, and hearing nothing of them, resolved to dispatch two young Sacs y authorities, thus: The hostile incursions of the Sac and Fox Indians necessarily led to the interposition of the Government. A porti
h destroyed the Federal Constitution and erected a central government on its ruins. The colonists of Texas, though greatly disturbed by the refusal of their request, and by the anarchy arising from the failure to elect State officers, remained at peace, not wishing to involve themselves in Mexican politics, unless their own rights were trampled upon. Colonel Almonte, special commissioner to inspect Texas in 1834, estimated its whole population at 21,000 civilized inhabitants and 15,300 Indians, of whom 10,800 were hostile nomads. Kennedy places the civilized population at 30,000 whites and 2,000 negroes. The northern States of Mexico were strongly republican; and the people of Puebla, Oaxaca, Jalisco, and other States, were also opposed to a change of government; but Santa Anna easily put down all opposition by force. Garcia, Governor of Zacatecas, tried the issue with arms, and was defeated with a loss of 2,700 men. A feeble and irresolute attempt at resistance was made by
onted them, and defiantly shouting, Lipan! rushed among them to certain death. General Johnston said he would gladly have saved him, but was unable to do so. Next day, his Indian allies told him they had cooked the Lipan, and asked him to dinner; nor could they be made to understand his abhorrence at feasting on the flesh of an enemy. This is mentioned because it has been doubted whether the Texas Indians were cannibals. On another occasion, he was following the trail of some hostile Indians, when he found, among other tracks in the sand, the footprint of a little child. He halted his men, pointed it out to them, and told them they must spare the party for the sake of the little child. The rude frontiersmen, equally open to emotions of revenge or generosity, readily agreed to forego the pursuit. He had a great reverence for the innocence of childhood. During the spring General Johnston was much urged to allow himself to be nominated for President of the Republic; and it
n of the Consultation. Houston's treaty with Indians. its Nullity. Houston's failure to get it rIt is the apprehension of attack from hostile Indians, founded in evidence which they cannot rejectat Colonel Piedras had called in and employed Indians, in his meditated warfare on their rights ; aconditional permission, to a certain class of Indians. It was framed in a spirit of equity, and pls hard to see how any rights accrued to these Indians, constituting fifteen-sixteenths of the intru mentioned, made after the settlement of said Indians, are, and of right ought to be, utterly null er among them; that they said a large body of Indians, composed of Caddoes, Keechies, Ionies, Tawact. hostilities by the emigrant United States Indians. A hearty sympathizer with Texas, he used wiported 600 strong, three-fourths of whom were Indians; but on the approach of the Texan volunteers r hostile aggressions were committed by these Indians, and that a combination is now formed between[2 more...]
t. A bitter controversy sprang up between Judge Drummond and the Saints, with mutual accusations of crime. The former charged the massacre of Lieutenant Gunnison's party on the Mormons, together with many other outrages; while the latter retorted with allegations of gross immorality. Judge Drummond, having got to Carson's Valley, took care not to return. The Secretary of State, Almon W. Babbitt, having offended Brigham Young, started across the Plains, but was murdered on the road by Indians who spoke good English ; or, in other words, by Mormons. Brigham's comment was: There was Almon W. Babbitt. He undertook to quarrel with me, and soon after was killed by the Indians. He lived like a fool, and died like a fool. This unrelenting vindictiveness of Brigham seems the worst feature of his character. Judge Styles was a Mormon who had outgrown his faith; and, having offended the Saints by his decision of a question of jurisdiction adversely to their wishes, he was set upon,
n's talks with the Indians had been in the presence of others, he had no difficulty in placing on record the false and slanderous character of these statements; and those who are curious in such matters will find them set forth in Executive documents, second session, Thirty-fifth Congress, vol. II., part II., 1858-59, pp. 71-87. During General Johnston's administration of that military department, the Indians behaved very well. A few outrages only were perpetrated by bands of vagabond Indians, who were promptly punished; and California and Oregon emigrants will remember that their wagon-trains received escorts of dragoons over the dangerous parts of the route. In the spring of 1859 an issue arose between General Johnston and Governor Cumming, in which the latter was evidently misled by his feelings. The documents and correspondence will be found in the executive document just quoted above, and may be summarized as follows: Governor Cumming, from the time of his association
came the Leflores, known as the first and second French camps. The fourth was that of a half-breed Chickasaw, at the crossing of the Tennessee River. When the traveller could not reach the house at which he had intended to stop, he found it entirely safe to sleep, wrapped in blankets, in the open air. It was the boast of the Choctaws that they had never shed the blood of a white man, and, as a proof of their friendship, they furnished a considerable contingent to the war against the Creek Indians, who were allies of the British. The party with which I was sent to Kentucky consisted of Major Hinds (who had command of the famous battalion of Mississippi dragoons at the battle of New Orleans), his wife, his sister-in-law, a niece, a maid-servant, and his son Howell, who was near my own age, and, like myself, mounted on a pony. A servant had a sumpter mule with some supplies, besides bed and blankets for camping out. The journey to Kentucky occupied several weeks. When we re
rn limit of the Illinois tribe. It was a starting-point for their raids against the Iroquois who occupied the land around Chicago. On Jeffrey's map of 1776, a line is drawn from Prairie du Chien to Omaha, and inscribed French route to western Indians. In the Colonial records of New York, p. 621, it is mentioned as one of the three great routes to the Mississippi. Prairie du Chien, as early as 1766, was described as a great mart, where tribes from the most remote branches of the Mississippiirsty Indian. An eagle's feather was added to a warrior's head-dress. for each scalp he took. Once, while busy cutting timber on the banks, the alarm was given, and the party barely escaped being seen by a fleet of canoes which passed, full of Indians, in war-paint, singing their war-songs. One canoe landed, and a warrior reconnoitred within twelve feet of the place in which Lieutenant Davis lay concealed. Amidst constantly recurring alarms, with force inadequate to their defence, sleeping
ee months. The intermediate country in many portions was unexplored by white men, and was generally occupied by friendly Indians; but intercourse with these was rendered doubtful by the secret treaties of amity between the different Nations. The acis mouth by the handfuls, amidst the laughter of the spectators. He was not more respectful to the dreams of his fellow Indians. A hunter who imagined himself commanded by the Great Spirit to offer up the proceeds of his autumn hunting upon a cerous character. Death rode on the croup with every man who left the fortified posts, so that with the excitement about Indians, the daily round of duties, and such social pleasures as could be interspersed among them, Lieutenant Davis passed the tlead mines. From Fort Winnebago he went out on several expeditions against the Pawnees, Comanches, and other hostile Indians. The early history of the settlement of the Western country being almost unwritten, a great interest has been awaken
nt with age, who remembered the friendly young lieutenant, and did not know he was no longer there, a year or more after he had left the post, travelled a long distance at the risk of her life, and warned his successor of a contemplated attack by the hostile Indians when the grass should be long enough to hide a man. Her advice was disregarded and a massacre was the consequence. Lieutenant Davis's labors were arduous, and during this time he was closely encompassed by bands of hostile Indians. The country was very wild; and he was indefatigable in his energetic pursuit of his duty. The weather was intensely cold, and he was often wet to the skin for hours. The exposure brought on pneumonia, and he lay for many months at this isolated place, directing, as best he could, the operations of the men from his bed. He became so emaciated that his servant, James Pemberton, used to lift him like a child from the bed to the window. During this period James carried the arms, the money,
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