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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 18 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Natchez Indians, (search)
Natchez Indians, A nation that inhabited the eastern borders of the Mississippi River. They were known to Europeans as early as 1560, when De Luna aided the Gulf tribes in a war against them. Their sun-worship, mound-building, and language point to a relationship with the inhabitants of Yucatan. La Salle, coming from the north, planted a cross in their country in 1683. Iberville also visited them, and proposed to build a city there. They were brave, wild, and dissolute. Their chief was called the Great Sun, whose power was despotic. They averred that their first civilizers were a man and woman who descended from the sun. In a temple built on a mound they kept a perpetual fire. They had many feasts and revelled in sensual indulgence. After European traders found them they rapidly declined in numbers and power while they fought the French (see below). The Natchez were joined by the Yazoos and Chickasaws, while the Choctaws joined the French, early in the eighteenth century
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
ck code for punishing slaves promulgated by Bienville......1724 Bienville recalled to France; Perier becomes commander-general......Aug. 9, 1726 Some Jesuits and Ursuline nuns arrive at New Orleans, and a nunnery is erected......1727 Arrival of a cargo of girls sent from France by the company, each provided with a small casket of wearing apparel......1728 [Known as Filles à la Cassette, or casket girls.] Chevalier Loubois, with allied French and Choctaws, advances against Natchez Indians, who had massacred the garrison of Fort Rosalie and occupied it; the Indians desert the fort and 200 prisoners in it......January, 1730 M. Perier makes another expedition against the Natchez and secures their chief, Great Sun, and others......Jan. 24, 1731 [Great Sun died a prisoner, the others were sold as slaves to St. Domingo.] Company of the West surrenders its charter to the King......Jan. 23, 1731 Superior council of Louisiana reorganized by letters patent; Perier cont
684 Treaty made by Maine and New Hampshire with four tribes of Indians......Sept. 8, 1685 Joseph Dudley, a native of Massachusetts, grpt. 5-6, 1688 Governor Andros using unwise measures in opposing Indians, arouses the people, who restore Danforth to the office of provincnt to Wells. Shortly after their arrival they are attacked by 200 Indians, whom they repulse......June 9, 1691 Charter of William and Maryal province of Massachusetts Bay......Oct. 7, 1691 Two hundred Indians, led by Canadian French, assault York on the Agamenticus River. T articles at Mare Point (now in Brunswick) between the whites and Indians......Jan. 7, 1699 Indians under French leaders attack Wells, Careaches at York, Wells, and Biddeford......1741 First attack of Indians (the fifth Indian war) upon St. George and Damariscotta (New Castl1, 1747, the whole frontier from Wells to Topsham is infested with Indians, who make an attack on Pemaquid, May 26, and unsuccessful attacks