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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ottawa Indians, (search)
Ottawa Indians, A tribe of the Algonquian family, seated on the northern part of the Michigan peninsula when discovered by the French. When the Iroquois overthrew the Hurons in 1649 the frightened Ottawas fled to the islands in Green Bay, and soon afterwards joined the Sioux beyond the Mississippi. They were speedily expelled, when they recrossed the great river; and after the French settled at Detroit a part of the Ottawas became seated near them. Meanwhile the Jesuits had established mained a reservation in the Indian Territory, to which the remnant of this portion of the family emigrated in 1870. The upper Michigan Ottawas remain in the North, in the vicinity of the Great Lakes. There are some in Canada, mingled with other Indians. Roman Catholic and Protestant missions have been established among them. Their own simple religion embraces a belief in a good and evil spirit. In 1899 there were 162 Ottawas at the Quapaw agency, Indian Territory, and a larger number at the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pastorius, Francis Daniel -1681 (search)
as to bring the people of different parts together for the purposes of barter and trade, and thereby encourage our own industry and prevent our little money from going abroad. Of the inhabitants of this land. The inhabitants may be divided into three classes: (1) the Aborigines, or, as they are called, the savages; (2) those Christians who have been in the country for years, and are called old settlers; (3) the newly arrived colonists of the different companies. 1. The savages, or Indians, are in general strong, nimble, and well-shaped people, of a dark, tawny complexion, and wore no clothing whatever when the first Europeans came to this country. Now, however, they hang a blanket about their shoulders, or some of them also have shirts. They have straight black hair, which they cut off close to the head, save one tuft, which they leave stand on the right side. Their children they anoint with the fat of the bears and other animals, so as to make their skin dark, for by n
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Michigan, (search)
ord of Bouaget and Montdesert, under a commission from Louis XIV., leaving Montreal in June with 100 men and a Jesuit missionary, commences the settlement of Detroit......July 24, 1701 First grant of land (thirty-two acres) made at Detroit by Cadillac to Francois Fafard Delorme......1707 Detroit attacked by the Fox Indians; after a three-weeks' siege the French garrison of twenty soldiers, under M. du Buisson, drive the Indians back with severe loss......May, 1712 Pontiac, with Ottawa Indians, assists in the defence of Detroit against the combined Northern tribes under Mackinac......1746 Further emigration from France to Detroit......1749 Maj. Robert Rogers is ordered by General Amherst, at Montreal, to take possession of the posts in Michigan and administer the oath of allegiance to the French subjects there......Sept. 12, 1760 Pontiac makes peace with Major Rogers, and attends the English to Detroit......Nov. 7, 1760 Detroit capitulates, English flag raised on t