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Ottawa Indians, A tribe of the Algonquian family, seated on the northern part of the Michigan peninsula when discovered by the French. When the Iroquois overthrew the Hurons in 1649 the frightened Ottawas fled to the islands in Green Bay, and soon afterwards joined the Sioux beyond the Mississippi. They were speedily expelled, when they recrossed the great river; and after the French settled at Detroit a part of the Ottawas became seated near them. Meanwhile the Jesuits had established m
ained a reservation in the Indian Territory, to which the remnant of this portion of the family emigrated in 1870.
The upper Michigan Ottawas remain in the North, in the vicinity of the Great Lakes.
There are some in Canada, mingled with other Indians.
Roman Catholic and Protestant missions have been established among them.
Their own simple religion embraces a belief in a good and evil spirit.
In 1899 there were 162 Ottawas at the Quapaw agency, Indian Territory, and a larger number at the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
- Pastorius, Francis Daniel 1681 (search)