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Powhatan Indians, A branch of the Algonquian family, which composed a confederacy of about thirty bands, including the Accohannocks and Accomacs, on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. Their sagamore was Powhatan (q. v.). After Powhatan's death his people made two attempts (1622, 1644) to exterminate the English, but they themselves were so weakened by the contest that the confederacy fell in pieces at the death of Opechancanough, Powhatan's brother and successor. Of all that once great confederacy in lower Virginia, not one representative, it is believed, exists on earth, nor one tongue speaks the dialect.
Presque Isle, Fort Was the chief point of communication between Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg) and Fort Niagara. It was on the site of Erie, Pa., and in June, 1763, was garrisoned by twenty-four men. On the 20th it was attacked by Indians, and, after defending it two days, the commander, paralyzed by terror, surrendered the post. Several of the garrison were murdered, and the commander and a few others were carried to Detroit. Here was erected one of the chain of French forts in the wilderness which excited the alarm and jealousy of the English colonists in America and the government at home. It was intended by the French as an important entrepot of supplies for the interior forts.
Ramsey, Alexander ; was born near Harrisburg Pa., Sept. 8, 1815; was clerk of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1841, and a member of Congress in 1843-47. President Taylor appointed him first governor of the Territory of Minnesota in 1849, when it contained a civilized population of nearly 5,000 white people and half-breed Indians. He remained in that office until 1853, and made treaties with the Indians by which cessions of large tracts of land were made to the national government. He was chosen the first mayor of St. Paul, the capital, in 1855. He was an active war governor Alexander Ramsey. in 1860-64; United States Senator in 1864-75; and Secretary of War in 1879-81.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Recovery, Fort, defence of (search)
Recovery, Fort, defence of General Wayne succeeded St. Clair in command of the troops in the Northwest, and on the site of the latter's defeat (1791) he erected a fort, and called it Recovery. In June, 1794, the garrison, under Maj. William McMahon, were attacked by many Indians. McMahon and 22 others were killed, and 30 were wounded. The Indians were repulsed. On Aug. 20 the Indians were defeated by Wayne at the Maumee Rapids (q. v.).