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William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1 10 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Mexico, (search)
hanging nine, and selling the others into slavery......1650 Four Indians hanged and forty-three whipped and enslaved on conviction by a Spanish tribunal of bewitching the superior of the Franciscan monastery at San Yldefonso......1675 Pueblo Indians under Pope reduced to abject slavery by the Spanish, rise in rebellion. Their plan of a general massacre on Aug. 10, 1680, being discovered, they begin two days earlier a massacre of the Spanish, who are obliged to flee the country, the Pueb..1824 New Mexico made a territory of the republic of Mexico......July 6, 1824 Santa Fe trail made an authorized road by act of Congress; the bill introduced by Thomas H. Benton passed......January, 1825 Caravans being often attacked by Indians, United States government details four companies as an escort on the Santa Fe road......1828 Old Placer gold-mines discovered about 30 miles southwest of Santa Fe......1828 Oxen first used on Santa Fe trail......1830 A Spanish newspape
buttons, etc. Blank′et. 1. (Fabric.) A coarse, heavy, open, woolen fabric, adapted for bed covering, and usually napped. It may be twilled or otherwise. A name applied to any coarse woolen robe used as a wrapping. Antiphanes, that witty man, says: “Cooks come from Elis, pots from Argos, Corinth blankets sends in barges. ATHENAeUS (A. D. 220). The poncho is a blanket with a hole in the center for the head to go through. It is worn by the South Americans, Mexicans, and Pueblo Indians. 2. (Printing.) A piece of woolen, felt, or prepared rubber, placed between the inner and outer tympans, to form an elastic interposit between the face of the type and the descending platen. Blanket-washer. Blank′et-wash′er. A machine for washing printer's blankets. Ordinarily it consists of a vat and rollers, the blanket being alternately soaked and squeezed. In the illustration a scraper or doctor is used to clean the roller. A similar machine is used for calicoes an
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 2: Mission Indians. (search)
Chapter 2: Mission Indians. Though friar and priest have left the altars of San Carlos to the owls and lizards, some of the converts whom these fathers gathered into grace are staunch. A squad of Mexicans, armed with writs and rifles, drove out Fray Jose Maria, chief of the Carmelo friars; but neither writs nor rifles have been able to drive off Capitan Carlos, patriarch of the Carmelo camp. In dealing with Fray Jose Maria, the liberators had no more to do than close his church, disperse his brethren, seize his fields and orchards; but on turning to the native chief, they could neither free his tribe, undo the teaching of his priests, nor push him from the sanctuary of his patron saint. Yielding to force, Fray Jose Maria went to Mexico, where he has learned to serve another altar, and ceased to think of his mission on Carmelo Bay. Holding to his new creed with all a convert's ardour, Capitan Carlos hovers round his ancient home, knowing no second fane, and clinging to th
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 12: Catholic missions. (search)
families which fell under the Franciscan Commonwealth are more advanced and better off than any other Red tribes and families. An Indian commissioner, who has no clerical bearings to betray his judgment, writes:-- The mission Indians, having been for the past century under the Catholic missions established on the Californian coast, are tolerably well advanced in agriculture, and compare favourably with the most highly civilised tribes of the East. He adds, in detail, that these civilised Indians support themselves by working for White settlers, or by hunting, fishing, begging, and stealing, except a few, who go to the military post for assistance in the way of food. These waifs in the agencies have some support; the other waifs and strays have none. Since they lost the friars, these converts have been perishing in their tens, their fifties, nay their hundreds; yet the State does nothing for them, and the sturdy settler, in his hurry to be safe, is brushing them from his path as
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 25: the Red war. (search)
for the storm to break. When the white line arrives within a hundred yards, a halt is called, a council held. Two Osage bucks, armed with rifles and sixshooters, ride out to meet them. Two White men advance to greet these heralds, shake hands in sign of friendliness, and ask them to come in as guests. The Indians slip to the ground, give up their arms and ponies, and are led to Captain IRickers, who tells them that he and his friends are citizens of Medicine Lodge, looking out for bad Indians, such as Kiowas and Cheyennes, who are committing robbery and murder in the White settlements. On seeing their friends received so well, two other bucks, carrying two rifles, but no sixshooters, ride out; the four rifles and two sixshooters being the only weapons of these savages. They are received with smiles and drinks. A fifth and sixth Osage now come in, and then a seventh and eighth, each Red-skin dismounting and disarming the moment he arrives. The White men stand about, chatting
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 30: Oklahoma. (search)
souls; and are the true Red men, unmixed with alien blood, untouched by alien creeds. The second class contains the smaller Indian families, who, from contact with White men, have been half-subdued and fixed: Mission Indians of California, Pueblo Indians of Arizona, Senecas in New York, Chippewas in Michigan, Winnebagoes in Nebraska, Choctaws, and Cherokees in Oklahoma, and their fellows everywhere. These Indians, mostly surrounded by White settlers, count about a hundred thousand souls, thIndians, mostly surrounded by White settlers, count about a hundred thousand souls, the salvage of mighty nations which have passed away. They have been tamed a little, and thinned off very much. In fact, an Indian fears White customs, chiefly because he finds that the first step taken in our civilisation is a step towards his physical ruin and moral death. Colonel Stevens, an officer with much experience of savage life, tells me he was employed on the Plains, as Government engineer, to build a number of stone houses for the Indian chiefs. These tenements were designed as