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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Yuman Indians, (search)
Yuman Indians, A North American family comprising the following tribes: Cochimi, Cocopa, Comeya, DiegueƱo, Havesupai, Maricopa, Mohave or Mojave, Yuwapai, Pericu, Seri or Ceri, Tonto, Waikuru, and Walapai or Hualapai. These tribes occupied the territory between northern Arizona and Lower California, together with a small tract in the western part of the Mexican state of Sonora. The Jesuits established missions among the Indians in Lower California in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The mission of San Diego, founded in 1767, was the first in northern California. Two missions were established near the present Fort Yuma in 1780, but were destroyed the following year, when the missionaries were killed by the Indians. In 1899 there were 707 Yumas at the mission, Tule River agency, in California; forty-two Yumas at the San Carlos agency, in Arizona; 2,383 Mehaves at the Colorado River agency, in Arizona; 340 Maricopas at the Pima agency, in Arizona; and 526 Mohaves at t