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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 58 20 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beauregard, Pierre Gustave toutant, (search)
ic firesides, to rally to the standard of their State and country, and by every means in their power compatible with honorable warfare, to drive back and expel the invaders from the land. The speech of President Davis at Richmond and this proclamation of Beauregard were lauded by the Confederates at Washington and Baltimore as having the ring of true metal. After the battle of Bull Run (q. v.), in July, he was promoted to major-general. He took command of the Army of the Mississippi, under Gen. A. S. Johnston, and directed the battle of Shiloh in April, 1862, after the death of Johnston. He successfully defended Charleston in 1862-63, and in May, 1864, he joined Lee in the defence of Petersburg and Richmond. As commander of the forces in the Carolinas in 1865, he joined them with those of Gen. J. E. Johnston, and surrendered them to Sherman. At the close of the war, with the full rank of general in the Confederate service, he settled in New Orleans, where he died, Feb. 20, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bull Run, battles of. (search)
Bull Run, battles of. The gathering of Confederate troops at Manassas Junction (q. v.) required prompt and vigorous movements for the defence of Washington, D. C. Beauregard was there with the main Confederate army, and Gen. J. E. Johnston was at Winchester, in the Shenandoah Valley, with a large body of troops, with which he might reinforce the former. Gen. Robert Patterson was at Martinsburg with 18,000 Nationals to keep Johnston at Winchester. Gen. Irvin McDowell was in command of the Department of Virginia, with his headquarters at Arlington House; and, at about the middle of July, 1861, he was ordered to move against the Confederates. With 20,000 troops he marched from Arlington Heights (July 16), for the purpose of flanking the Confederate right wing. A part of his troops under General Tyler had a severe battle with them at Blackburn's Ford (July 18), and were repulsed (see Blackburn's Ford, battle of). McDowell found he could not flank the Confederates, so he proceede
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ssman declaring that the white people could not carry on the war, and recommending the employment of negroes as soldiers.—21. Generals Crook and Kelly seized in their beds at Cumberland, Md., and carried away prisoners by Confederate guerillas.—22. The divisions of Terry and Cox enter Wilmington, N. C., evacuated by the Confederates. —24. John Y. Beall, of Virginia, hanged as a spy at Fort Lafayette, N. Y., He was one of the pirates who tried to seize the Michigan on Lake Erie.—25. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston supersedes Beauregard in command of the Confederate forces in North Carolina.—March 1. Admiral Dahlgren's flag-ship Harvest Moon blown up by a torpedo and sunk; only one life lost. New Jersey rejects the emancipation amendment to the national Constitution.—2. The Confederates at Mobile fire twenty-four shots at a flag-of-truce steamer. A secret council of Confederate leaders in Europe ended at Paris this day.— 8. Battle near Jackson's Mills, N. C., in which the Confederat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dalton, (search)
Dalton, A city in Georgia, strongly fortified by the Confederates under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who checked the advance of General Sherman until forced to evacuate by a flank movement by General McPherson, May 12, 1864.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eustis, James Biddle, 1834-1899 (search)
Eustis, James Biddle, 1834-1899 Diplomatist; born in New Orleans, La., Aug. 27, 1834; was educated in Brookline, Mass., and in the Harvard Law School; was admitted to the bar in 1856, and practised in New Orleans till the beginning of the Civil War, when he entered the Confederate army; served as judge-advocate on the staff of General Magruder till 1862, and then on the staff of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. When the war closed he entered the State legislature, where he served in each House. In 1876 he was elected to the United States Senate to fill a vacancy, and after the expiration of the term took a trip through Europe. Returning to the United States, he was made Professor of Civil Law in the University of Louisiana. In 1884 he was again elected to the United States Senate, and became a member of the James Biddle Eustis. committee on foreign relations. He was appointed minister to France in March, 1893, and had charge of the negotiations which finally secured the release of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Goldsboro, Junction of National armies at. (search)
River. General Cox, with 5,000 of Palmer's troops, crossed from Newbern and established a depot of supplies at Kingston, after a moderate battle on the way with Hoke. Perceiving the Confederate force to be about equal to his own, Schofield ordered Cox to intrench and wait for expeted reinforcements. On March 10, 1865, Hoke pressed Cox and attacked hint, but was repulsed with severe loss—1,500 men. The Nationals lost about 300. The Confederates fled across the Neuse, and Schofield entered Goldsboro on the 20th. Then Terry, who had been left at Wilmington, joined Schofield (March 22), and the next day Sherman arrived there. Nearly all the National troops in North Carolina were encamped that night around Goldsboro. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, with the combined and concentrated forces of Beauregard, Hardee, Hood, the garrison from Augusta, Hoke, and the cavalry of Wheeler and Hampton, was at Smithfield, half-way between Goldsboro and Raleigh, with about 40,000 troops, mostly veteran
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harper's Ferry, (search)
le public property that was combustible was soon in ashes. Then Jones and his little garrison fled across the Potomac, and reached Hagerstown in the morning, and thence pushed on to Chambersburg and Carlisle Barracks. Jones was highly commended by his government. The Confederate forces immediately took possession of ruined Harper's Ferry as a strategic point. Within a month fully 8,000 Virginians. Kentuckians, Alabamians, and South Carolinians were there menacing Washington. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston was then charged with the duty of holding Harper's Ferry. General McClellan was throwing Ohio troops into western Virginia, and Gen. Robert Patterson, in command of the Department of Pennsylvania, was rapidly gathering a force at Chambersburg, Pa., under Gen. W. H. Keim. A part of the Confederates at the Ferry were on Maryland Heights, on the left bank of the Potomac, and against these Patterson marched from Chambersburg with about 15,000 men in June, 1861. Just at this moment co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, (search)
Jackson, City and capital of the State of Mississippi; on the Pearl River and several important railroads; is a large cotton-shipping centre and has extensive manufactories; population in 1890, 5,920; in 1900, 7,816. In 1863, while the troops of General Senate Chamber at Jackson, Miss. Grant were skirmishing at Raymond, he learned that Gen. Joseph E. Johnston was hourly expected at Jackson. To make sure of that place, and to leave no enemy in his rear, Grant pushed on towards Jackson. McPherson entered Clinton early in the afternoon of May 13, without opposition, and began tearing up the railway between that town and the capital. Sherman was also marching on Jackson, while McClernand was at a point near Raymond. The night was tempestuous. In the morning, Sherman and McPherson pushed forward, and 5 miles from Jackson they encountered and drove in the Confederate pickets. Two and a half miles from the city they were confronted by a heavy Confederate force, chiefly Georg
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Bradley Tyler 1829- (search)
Johnson, Bradley Tyler 1829- Lawyer; born in Frederick, Md., Sept. 29, 1829; graduated at Princeton in 1849; studied law at the Harvard Law School in 1850-51, and began practice in Frederick. In 1851 he was State attorney of Frederick county. In 1860 he was a delegate to the National Democratic Conventions in Charleston and Baltimore; voted for the States' Rights platform; and, with most of the Maryland delegates, withdrew from the convention, and gave his support to the Breckinridge and Lane ticket. During the Civil War he served in the Confederate army, rising from the rank of captain to that of brigadier-general. After the war he practised law in Richmond, Va., till 1879, and then in Baltimore till 1890. He was a member of the State Senate in 1875-79. His publications include Chase's decisions; The foundation of Maryland; Life of General Washington; Memoirs of Joseph E. Johnston; The Confederate history of Maryland, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnston, Joseph Eccleston 1809- (search)
Johnston, Joseph Eccleston 1809- Military officer; born in Longwood, Va., Feb. 3, 1809; graduatps directly upon Dalton (Feb. 22), Joseph Eccleston Johnston. where Johnston was encamped. The CJohnston was encamped. The Confederates were constantly pushed back and there was almost continual heavy skirmishing. In the ceccomplished, in the calling back of Hardee by Johnston, fell back and took post (March 10) at Ringgoation of Petersburg and Richmond, he moved on Johnston (April 10, 1865), with his whole army. The lf waging a hopeless war. Sherman was pushing Johnston with great vigor, when the former received a d Lee at Appomattox Court-house. Sherman and Johnston met at Durham's Station, half-way between Raligh and Hillsboro, at ten o'clock, April 17. Johnston said he regarded the Confederate cause as los accompanied by a demand for the surrender of Johnston's army, on the terms granted to Lee. The capi to Sherman. Thatcher. Gen. Wade Hampton, of Johnston's surrendered forces, refused to comply with [6 more...]
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