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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox 25 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 2 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. 2 0 Browse Search
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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 1: the Ante-bellum life of the author. (search)
enemy's artillery opened, and soon his musketry. The lines closed in to short work, even to bayonet work at places. Lieutenant-Colonel McIntosh had a bayonet thrust through his mouth and neck. He had a similar wound in the war of 1812. Lieutenant R. M. Cochran, Fourth Regiment, and T. L. Chadbourne, of the Eighth, were killed; C. R. Gates and C. D. Jordan, of the Eighth, were severely wounded. The latter, a classmate, was overpowered and about to be slaughtered when rescued by Lieutenant George Lincoln, of the Eighth, who slew with his sword one of the assailants. Finding the enemy's strong fight, in defence, by his artillery, General Taylor ordered Captain May to charge and capture the principal battery. The squadron was of his own and S. P. Graham's troops. The road was only wide enough to form the dragoons in column of fours. When in the act of springing to their work, Ridgely called, Hold on, Charlie, till I draw their fire, and loosed his six guns upon the battery at
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 15: the Maryland campaign. (search)
ssions the Confederates on other fields had been called to more serious work. General McClellan, moving his columns out from the vicinity of Washington City on the 5th, made slow and very cautious marches to save fatigue of his men and at the same time cover the capital against unforeseen contingency; so slow and cautious was the march that he only covered forty or fifty miles in seven days. On the 12th his Headquarters were at Urbana, where he received the following telegram from President Lincoln: Governor Curtin telegraphs me, I have advices that Jackson is crossing the Potomac at Williamsport, and probably the whole rebel army will be drawn from Maryland. The President added,-- Receiving nothing from Harper's Ferry or Martinsburg today, and positive information from Wheeling that the line is cut, corroborates the idea that the enemy is recrossing the Potomac. Please do not let him get off without being hurt. Rebellion Record, vol. XIX. part i. p. 41. McClellan's offici
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 16: the lost order --South Mountain. (search)
h it. I think Lee has made a gross mistake, and that he will be severely punished for it. The army is in motion as rapidly as possible. I hope for a great success if the plans of the rebels remain unchanged. We have possession of Catoctin. I have all the plans of the rebels, and will catch them in their own trap if my men are equal to the emergency. I now feel that I can count on them as of old. All forces of Pennsylvania should be placed to co-operate at Chambersburg. My respects to Mrs. Lincoln. Received most enthusiastically by the ladies. Will send you trophies. All well, and with God's blessing will accomplish it. Geo. B. McClellan. Frederick City, Md., September 13, 1862, 11 P. M. ( Received 1 P. M., September 14.) Major-General H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief: Rebellion Record, vol. XIX. part II. p 281. An order from General R. E. Lee, addressed to General D. H. Hill, which has accidentally come into my hands this evening,the authenticity of which is unquestiona
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 20: review of the Maryland campaign. (search)
food, collected in the stress of march, were no trifling impediments to the maintenance of our ranks in vigorous form. When, in mature judgment, the historian builds monuments of words for the leaders of the campaign in Maryland, there will be flowers left for the private soldiers, and. for the private soldiers' graves. The full significance of Sharpsburg to the Federal authorities lay in the fact that they needed a victory on which to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which President Lincoln had prepared two months before and had held in abeyance under advice of members of his Cabinet until the Union arms should win a success. Although this battle was by no means so complete a victory as the President wished, and he was sorely vexed with General McClellan for not pushing it to completion, it was made the most of as a victory, and his Emancipation Proclamation was issued on the 22d of September, five days after the battle. This was one of the decisive political events of
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 21: reorganization and rest for both armies. (search)
Corps, General W. F. Smith. cavalry division.--General Alfred Pleasonton. Artillery, siege, and field batteries, 370 guns, General Henry J. Hunt, Chief. At the time of the change of commanders the Confederates were looking for a Federal move north of Culpeper Court-House, and were surveying the ground behind Robertson River for a point of concentration of the two wings to meet that move. General Burnside, however, promptly planned operations on other lines. He submitted to President Lincoln his proposition to display some force in the direction of Gordonsville as a diversion, while with his main army he would march south, cross the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg, and reach by a surprise march ground nearer Richmond than the holdings of the Confederates. This was approved by the President with the suggestion that its success depended upon prompt execution. On the 15th light began to break upon the Confederates, revealing a move south from Warrenton, but it was not reg
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 24: preparing for the spring of 1863. (search)
previous,--i.e., to stand behind our intrenched lines and await the return of my troops from Suffolk. Under that plan General Lee would have had time to strengthen and improve his trenches, while Hooker was intrenching at Chancellorsville. He could have held his army solid behind his lines, where his men would have done more work on the unfinished lines in a day than in months of idle camp life. General Hooker had split his army in two, and was virtually in the condition which President Lincoln afterwards so graphically described in his letter addressed to him June 5 following,--viz.: I would not take any risk of being entangled upon the river, like an ox jumped half over a fence and liable to be torn by dogs front and rear, without a fair chance to gore one way or to kick the other. My impression was, and is, that General Lee, standing under his trenches, would have been stronger against Hooker than he was in December against Burnside, and that he would have grown stronge
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 35: cut off from East and West. (search)
ee General Longstreet given discretionary authority over the department by President Davis short rations minor movements of hide-and-seek in the mountains Longstreet's position was of strategic importance that fact fully appreciated by President Lincoln, Secretary Stanton, and Generals Halleck and Grant-drive Longstreet out of East Tennessee and keep him out Generals Robertson and McLaws the charges against them and action taken honorable mention for courage and endurance the army fina, is occupied, and Hardee is alone. But General Halleck was much concerned about the Confederate army in East Tennessee, the only strategic field then held by Southern troops. It was inconveniently near Kentucky and the Ohio River, and President Lincoln and his War Secretary were as anxious as Halleck on account of its politico-strategic bearing. General Halleck impressed his views upon General Grant, and despatched General Foster that it was of first importance to drive Longstreet out o
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter37: last days in Tennessee. (search)
valry, but the latter still covered gate-ways through the mountains that offered routes to Kentucky for strategic manoeuvres. The Trans-Mississippi Department was an open field of vast opportunities, but was lying fallow. An officer of the Union service had worked his way during three years of severe field service from obscure position with a regiment, to command of armies, and had borne his banners in triumph through battle and siege, over the prejudice of higher officers, until President Lincoln's good judgment told him that Grant was the man for the times. Congress provided the place, and the President sent his commission as lieutenant-general to the United States Senate, where it was promptly confirmed, and the lieutenant-general was presently assigned as commander over half a million of men, to the surprise of many, more than all to the bureau general-in-chief. He was soon at work arranging his combination for the campaign of the coming year. He was a West Point boy, and
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 40: talk of peace. (search)
on. Montgomery Blair visited Richmond upon a mission of peace, and brought about a meeting at Hampton Roads between President Lincoln and Secretary Seward and the Confederate Vice-President, Alexander H. Stephens, and the Hon. R. M. T. Hunter and Judge J. A. Campbell. President Lincoln was firm for the surrender of the Confederate armies and the abolition of slavery, which the Confederate President did not care to consider. About the 15th of February, Major-General J. C. Breckenridge was a. Then he spoke of affairs military and political. Referring to the recent conference of the Confederates with President Lincoln at Hampton Roads, he said that the politicians of the North were afraid to touch the question of peace, and there witary service could get together and seek out ways to stop the flow of blood. He indicated a desire on the part of President Lincoln to devise some means or excuse for paying for the liberated slaves, which might be arranged as a condition and part
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2, Index of names of persons. (search)
G., 310 Lewis, E. R., 310 Lewis, Edward, 310 Lewis, Einathan, 90 Lewis, H. B., 576 Lewis, J. C., 90 Lewis, J. F., 310 Lewis, J. M., 472 Lewis, J. W., 90 Lewis, S. W., 310 Lewis, Thomas, Jr., 572 Lewis, W. J., 90 Lewis, Willard, 583 Libby, Jonah, Jr., 472 Libby, Joseph, 310 Lilley, E. V., 310 Lincoln, Abraham, 645, 675 Lincoln, Abraham, Mrs., 597 Lincoln, B., 583 Lincoln, B. C., 491 Lincoln, D. F., 90 Lincoln, E. T., 90 Lincoln, F. D., 310 Lincoln, F. M., 384 Lincoln, George, 605 Lincoln, J. M., 7th Mass. Inf., 310 Lincoln, J. M., 13th Batt. Mass. L. A., 310 Lincoln, Levi, Jr., 310 Lincoln, R. B., Jr., 90 Lincoln, R. P., 219, 538 Lincoln, S. H., 428, 472 Lincoln, W. H., 384 Lincoln, W. S., 187, 219, 428, 538, 607 Lincoln, Willie, 597 Lindley, H. C., 310 Lingenfelter, G. R., 310 Linnehan, David, 310 Linnell, L. F., 310 Linscott, B. H., 310 Linscott, J. H., 90 Lipp, L. M., 310 Lippitt, Augustus, 90 Lippitt, F. J., 675 Litchfield, A. C.
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