hief events in the history of commercial steam navigation.
See navigation acts; Navy of the United States.
James Rumsey, of Sheppardstown, Va., invents a steamboat propelled by a steam-engine expelling water through a horizontal trunk-opening in the stern (1782). He experiments publicly in the presence of General Washington, on the Potomac River. Sept.,1784
John Fitch, of Philadelphia, Pa., launches a steamboat worked by vertical paddles, six on each side, on the Delaware River1788
Patrick Miller, of Dalswinton, Scotland, constructs a pleasure boat with paddle-wheels (1787), to which William Symington applies a steam-engine1788
John Fitch sails a steamboat 18 feet long on the Collect Pond, New York City, where the Tombs now stands1796
First practical steamboat, the tug Charlotte Dundas, built by William Symington, and tried on the Forth and Clyde Canal, ScotlandMarch, 1802
Robert Fulton, in connection with Chancellor Livingston, United States ambassador in Paris, builds a stea
war, to fill an unexpired term in Congress.
He was elected and re-elected until 1882, when he was chosen governor of his State by a very large majority.
It was not ordained that he should live through his term.
In Atlanta, the capital of his native and beloved Georgia, at half-past 3 o'clock on the morning of Sunday, March 4, 1883, his wonderful brain, his wonderful will power, could no longer keep life in his wrecked and puny body.
He died, according to his faithful physicians, Drs. Miller and Steiner, from a collapse of the mind brought about by constant, unremitting intellectual activity.
His last words were,
Oh, doctor, you hurt me!
His funeral in Atlanta was attended by upward of fifty thousand weeping men and women.
All Georgia mourned for him. Several other States, and towns and cities in all parts of the country, did honor to his memory by resolutions and the adjournment of courts and public councils.
At the grave of Stephens, Toombs, massive but tottering an
Potomac by means of the hydraulic propeller.
A steam-engine worked a vertical pump amidships: the water was drawn in at the bow and expelled through a trunk astern.
In 1785, Joseph Bramah patented a rotatory engine on a propeller-shaft.
In 1786, Fitch had a steamboat on the Delaware, propelled by paddles like those of an Indian canoe.
In 1786, Benjamin Franklin and Oliver Evans advocated the hydraulic propeller, receiving the water forward and forcing it out astern.
In 1787, Patrick Miller patented, in England, paddle-wheels for propulsion.
In 1788, Fitch ran his boat by means of reciprocating paddles.
In 1788, Symington had a steamboat on the lake of Dalswinton, propelled by an engine and side paddle-wheels.
In 1789, Symington had a boat on the Forth and Clyde Canal, propelled by an engine, and a pair of paddle-wheels placed amidships, respectively fore and aft the engine, and working in a trough extending from stem to stern of the boat, over the keel.
FitchAmericanSteamboat (reciprocating paddles, Delaware）1786
SymingtonScotchSteamboat (side paddle-wheeh went West, died suddenly in 1799, and was buried at Bardstown, Kentucky
Patrick Miller's steamboat (1788).
William Symington, in 1788, applied a steam-engine to the pleasure-boat of Patrick Miller, of Dalswinton.
This boat was furnished with side paddle-wheels, and was laid up in the winter.
In 1789 a boat 60 feet long was propelled on the Forth and Clyde Canal at the rate of 7 miles an hour.
Patrick Miller published an account of the invention in the year 1787.
Miller's boat, DalMiller's boat, Dalswinton, Scotland (from his plan in 1787).
Symington's steam-vessel, constructed in 1789, had a central space running lengthwise between the two boats, which wereasant and confidential correspondence that took place between Fulton, Bell, and Miller, the latter being the person that bore the expense of the Symington experiments