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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Miller, William Henry Harrison 1840- (search)
Miller, William Henry Harrison 1840- Lawyer; born in Augusta, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1840; spent his early life on a farm; and graduated at Hamilton College in 1861. He settled in Maumee City, O., where he taught school a year; then entered the Union army; and after his discharge was admitted to the bar and practised law at Fort Wayne, Ind., in 1866-74. In the latter year he moved to Indianapolis and became a law partner of Benjamin Harrison (q. v.). He was Attorney-General of the United States (1889-93) in President Harrison's cabinet, and afterwards resumed practice in Indianapolis.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Milligan, case of (search)
a writ of habeas corpus should be issued; (2) Whether Milligan ought to be discharged; (3) Whether the military commission had acted within its jurisdiction; and these were submitted to the Supreme Court of the United States. The first two questions were answered in the affirmative, the third in the negative, Justices Davis, Grier, Nelson, Clifford, and Fields holding that Congress had not the constitutional power to authorize such commission—that the Constitution forbids it, and is the supreme law of the land, in war as in peace. Chief-Justice Chase, supported by Justices Wayne, Swayne, and Miller, held that Congress has the power to authorize military commissions in time of war; but all concurred in the answers given to the three questions submitted, and Milligan was released. The decision of the court overthrew the whole doctrine of military arrest and trial of private citizens in peaceful States. —Lalor's Cyclopaedia of political Science, vol. II., p. 433. See Habeas cor