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orcing the army of the Potomac to enable it to oppose the Federal forces accumulating in its front. As a means of accomplishing this end, he suggested that a portion of the army in the Shenandoah Valley, under General Johnston, be ordered to join it. With the aid thus afforded, General Beauregard thought he could successfully resist an attack of the enemy. Should he succeed in repulsing him, he could in turn reinforce General Johnston. Should General Johnston succeed in driving back General Patterson, then in his front, he could reinforce the army in Northwestern Virginia. The advantages of the union of the armies on the Potomac had been more than once the subject of consideration by you, and I do not recollect that at the interview in question they were less apparent. The difficulty of timing the march of the troops so as to benefit one army without jeopardizing the object of the other, was therefore mainly considered, and you decided that the movements of the enemy in and abou
re immediately after the battle of Monterey. They then moved to Camargo, where they remained for some time. Thence they were transferred to Matamoras in November, and from this point started on their march to Victoria, under the orders of General Patterson. Before leaving Matamoras, Captain Swift was taken ill, and the company was left under command of Lieutenant Smith. At Victoria the company joined the forces under General Taylor, and were assigned to the division of regulars under commneer officers, and been organized and drilled by Captain A. J. Swift and Lieutenants G. W. Smith and McClellan, of the Corps of Engineers. The captain being disabled by sickness at Matamoras, Lieutenant Smith led the company, as part of Major-General Patterson's division, in the march from that place to Tampico,--a march in which the services of the company, constantly in advance and engaged in removing impediments and making the road practicable, were of great value. The company landed with
vance as skirmishers until they reached the Yorktown road, he threw forward into the cleared field on the right of the road, barely 700 yards from Fort Magruder, Webber's battery, which at once drew the lire of the Rebel batteries, whereby 4 of his cannoniers were slot down and the rest driven off before we had fired a gun; but their places were soon supplied, and Bramllall's battery brought into action on the right of Webber's; when, between them, Fort Magruder was silenced before 9 A. M. Patterson's brigade, composed of the 6th, 7th, and 8th New Jersey, was formed behind these batteries as their support, and was soon desperately engaged with the Rebel infantry and sharp-shooters, who were found uncomfortably numerous; so that the 1st Massachusetts, 72d and 70th New York were sent to their aid, and, though fighting gallantly, fund themselves still overmatched. Mean-while, our skirmishers on the right having reached the Yorktown road, the 11th Massachusetts and 26th Pennsylvania were
ely: Article XIII: section 1. Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. The House now concurred with the Senate, by the following vote: Yeas--[Democrats in Italics.] Maine--Blaine, Perham, Pike, Rice. New Hampshire--Patterson, Rollins. Massachusetts — Alley, Ames, Baldwin, Boutwell, Dawes, Eliot, Gooch, Hooper, Rice, W. D. Washburn. Rhode Island--Dixon, Jenckes. Connecticut--Brandagee, Deming, English, J. H. Hubbard. Vermont--Baxter, Morrill, Woodbridge. New York — A. W. Clark, Freeman Clark, Davis, Frank, Ganson, Griswold, Herrick, Hotchkiss, Hulburd, Kellogg, Little-john, Marvin, Miller, Morris, Nelson, Odell, Pomeroy, Radford, Steele, Van Valkenburg. New Jersey--Starr. Pennsylvania--Bai
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), Index (search)
60; mine, 195, 310, 341; taken, 333, 339. Phillips, Charles Appleton, 169. Picket line, described, 301. Piney Branch church, 104. Platt, Edward Russell, 123. Pleasonton, Alfred, 75, 79, 80; Lyman with, 14; for command, 60. Pleasants, Henry, 195, 198. Plunder, demoralizing effect, 40; Hancock and, 288. Point of Rocks, Appomattox River, 193. Pontoon bridge, 130, 159. Po-Ny, 119. Pope, John, 60. Poplar Grove church, 234. Porter, David Dixon, 249. Porter, Georgia Ann (Patterson), 249. Porter, Horace, 142. Potter, Alonzo, 167. Potter, Robert Barnwell, 166, 212, 219, 234, 237, 296, 297, 334. Pourtales, Louis Auguste de, 212. Pratt, Mary, 26. Prisoners, provost, 13; Rebel, 32, 45, 324, 836, 347. Punishments, 243. Raccoon Ford, 19, 68, 69. Races, horse, 321. Railroad construction, 311. Rapidan River, 51. Rawlins, John Aaron, 91n, 114n. Reams' station, 224, 234. Rebels, fighting qualities, 87, 99, 100, 208; privations, 132; valuable qualiti
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 1 (search)
om Harper's Ferry. affair near Romney. General Patterson again marches on Martinsburg. battle ofaryland, who reported that the armies of Generals Patterson and McClellan were to unite at Winchestestly out of position for either object, for Patterson's route from Chambersburg lay through Williaion of its forces at Harper's Ferry; for General Patterson's invasion was to be from Chambersburg, rrived. About the 10th of the month, General Patterson, who had been organizing and instructingd there, mounted in them. On the 2d, General Patterson's army, which had been strongly reenforcre engaged with this little rear-guard. General Patterson's report. On this intelligence, recet quite nine thousand men, of all arms. General Patterson's was about twenty thousand, I believe, ithfield. This gave the impression that General Patterson's design was to continue this movement twhether to attempt to defeat or to elude General Patterson. The latter, if practicable, was to be [7 more...]
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
with the opinion that it was necessary to attack the enemy next morning, to decide the event before the arrival of General Patterson's forces. Meanwhile, it might reasonably be expected all of ours would be united. Delay was dangerous, because it was not to be hoped that our movement from Winchester could be concealed from General Patterson more than twenty-four hours; or that, after learning it, he would fail to follow the movement, and march promptly to join McDowell. Battle being inevitorth-northwest — the direction of the road from Harper's Ferry. This excited apprehensions of the near approach of General Patterson's army. General McDowell had marched from the Potomac with instructions from the general-in-chief to turn the rhing toward us, and was then but three or four miles from our left flank. Although it seemed to me impossible that General Patterson could have come up so soon, and from that direction, I fixed on a new field upon which to concentrate our whole for
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
ed either as a place from which to operate against General McClellan, coming from the West, or Patterson, or McDowell; that suddenly he changed his tactics, and represented that the position was unte position at or near Winchester, where for several days, if not weeks, he remained in front of Patterson with the avowed object of crushing him-replying to suggestions and orders from Richmond to reeeneral Beauregard at Manassas, that it was essential that he should keep between McClellan and Patterson, to prevent their junction; and that when, finally, he obeyed an imperative and repeated order was out of position to defend the Valley, or to prevent General McClellan's junction with General Patterson. These were the obvious and important objects to be kept in view. Besides being in positnd the President thought more urgently required. If I had been professing to be able to crush Patterson, those regiments would not have been sent to me, nor would the President have explained See h
Praying on John Brown's sentence seat.--When Gen. Patterson's column had entered Charlestown, Va., and taken possession of the Court House, and raised our flag, to the great indignation of the rebel citizens, the Rev. Mr. Fulton, Chaplain of the First Scott Legion regiment, went into the building and immediately walked up to the bench, and sat down in the chair from which John Brown received his death sentence, and there offered a prayer for our President, our army, our counsellors, and country, while also beseeching God to crush the rebellion, its leaders, and its cause.--Phila. Bulletin, Aug. 2.
Mr. Felton by telegraph, that no more troops should be sent through Baltimore, and the further fact, that the Gunpowder Creeks bridges, which were very long trestle-works some miles from Baltimore, had been burned, so that no troops could be sent by rail. The question then arose, how should I get to Washington? My orders were distinct that I should go through Baltimore; but under the circumstances I had no difficulty in disregarding them. In further conversation they told me that General Patterson had from General Scott some sort of military position in Philadelphia, but what it was they did not know. I inquired if they thought he would give me orders, and they said that they had consulted him, and he said he had no military control over me. If he had any military position under the United States, it was that of major-general, and I could not understand why he would not give me orders, because the Articles of War required that when troops of the United States met, whether regul
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