Men shot on the crest tumbled in upon the wounded, lying in torture at the bottom.
The day was hot. Sulphurous gases escaped from the debris and there was no water at hand, the way back to the Union lines was swept by fire and was corduroyed with dead.
Refusing to retreat, men sought death by charging forward.
Officers threw away their lives by mounting the walls to inspire the men to move out and relieve the horrible jam in the pit. One of these martyrs was a mere boy, Lieutenant Pennell, an aid to General Thomas.
So many bullets struck him that his body whirled around like a top before it fell.
Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant, commanding the United States Army, in his report to General Halleck, under date of August 1, 1864, at City Point, Va., says:
The loss in the disaster of Saturday last foots up about 3,500, of whom 450 men were killed and 2,000 wounded.
It was the saddest affair I have witnessed in the war.
Such opportunity for carrying fortifica