dered uncertain; however, it is said that this was
concerning the first cause. (I say nothing of Hippo,Hippo of Samos, a medical writer and
eclectic philosopher who lived in the latter half of the fifth
century B.C. Cf.Aristot. De Anima 405b
2. because no one would presume to include him in this
company, in view of the paltriness of his intelligence.)AnaximenesThe third
Milesian monist; fl. circa 545
B.C. and DiogenesDiogenes of Apollonia,
an eclectic philosopher roughly contemporary with Hippo.
held that air is prior to water, and is of all corporeal elements most
truly the first principle. HippasusA Pythagorean, probably slightly junior to
Heraclitus. of Metapontum and HeraclitusFl. about 500
B.C. of Ephesus hold
this of fire; and EmpedoclesOf
earth as a fourth to those already mentioned—takes all four.
These, he says, always persist, an