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The city of Epidamnus stands on the right of the entrance of the Ionic gulf. Its vicinity is inhabited by the Taulantians, an Illyrian people. The place is a colony from Corcyra, founded by Phalius, son of Eratocleides, of the family of the Heraclids, who had according to ancient usage been summoned for the purpose from Corinth, the mother country. The colonists were joined by some Corinthians, and others of the Dorian race. Now, as time went on, the city of Epidamnus became great and populous; but falling a prey to factions arising, it is said, from a war with her neighbors the barbarians, she became much enfeebled, and lost a considerable amount of her power.
All these grievances made Corinth eager to send the promised aid to Epidamnus. Advertisement was made for volunteer settlers, and a force of Ambraciots, Leucadians, and Corinthians was despatched. They marched by land to Apollonia, a Corinthian colony, the route by sea being avoided from fear of Corcyraean interruption. When the Corcyraeans heard of the arrival of the settlers and troops in Epidamnus, and the surrender of the colony to Corinth, they took fire. Instantly putting to sea with five-and-twenty ships, which were quickly followed by others, they insolently commanded the Epidamnians to receive back the banished nobles— （it must be premised that the Epidamnian exiles had come to Corcyra
When the Corcyraeans heard of their preparations they came to Corinth with envoys from Lacedaemon and Sicyon, whom they persuaded to accompany them, and bade her recall the garrison and settlers, as she had not
desire to seek them, and to make even old ties give way to the
necessity of assistance.
The answer they got from Corinth was, that if they would withdraw their
fleet and the barbarians from Epidamnus negotiation might be possible;
but, while the town was still being besieged, going before arbitrators was
out of the question.
The Corcyraeans retorted that if Corinth would withdraw her troops from
Epidamnus they would withdraw theirs,
or they were ready to let both parties
Corinth, exasperated by the war with the Corcyraeans, spent the whole of the year after the engagement and that succeeding it in building ships, and in straining every nerve to form an efficient fleet; rowers being drawn from Peloponnese and the rest of Hellas by the inducement of large bounties. The Corcyraeans, alarme
in the Athenian or in the Lacedaemonian confederacy）,
repair to Athens in order to enter into alliance, and to endeavor to procure
support from her.
Corinth also, hearing of their intentions, sent an embassy to Athens to
prevent the Corcyraean navy being joined by the Athenian, and her prospect
of ordering the war according to her wishes being thus imp