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The accusations that have been made, men of Athens, against Epicrates and his fellow-envoys are sufficient: but you should bear in mind the assertion that you have often heard from the mouths of these men, whenever they sought to ruin somebody unjustly,—that, unless you make the convictions that they demand, your stipends will not be forthcoming.The allusion is to the three obols paid daily to each juryman. The expenses of the judicature were usually covered by the income from fines and confiscations, and in a time of financial stress this evil alarm might plausibly be raised. Cf. Aristoph. Kn. 1359
The counts of the accusation are so many and so grave, men of Athens, that not even were he put to death a number of times for each one of his acts would Ergocles be able, in my opinion, to give your people due satisfaction. For it is evident that he has betrayed cities, wronged your representatives and your citizens, and advanced himself from poverty to wealth at your expense.
Lysias, Against the Subversion of the Ancestral Constitution of Athens, section 1 (search)
At the very moment when we were supposing, men of Athens, that the disasters that have befallen her have left behind them sufficient reminders to the city to prevent even our descendants from desiring a change of constitution, these men are seeking to deceive us, after our grievous sufferings and our experience of both systems, with the selfsame decrees with which they have tricked us twice before.
For you must reflect, men of Athens, that it is not Ergocles alone, but the whole city as well, that is on trial. Today you are to demonstrate to your officers whether they ought to be upright or, after abstracting as much of your property as they can, to compass their salvation by the same means as these men are now applying.
After the loss of our ships,At Aegospotami, 405 B.C. when the revolution was being arranged, CleophonSee Lys. 13.7, note. reviled the Council, declaring that it was in conspiracyi.e., with the oligarchs. and was not seeking the best interests of the State. Satyrus of Cephisia,An Attic township about 9 miles north-east of Athens. one of the Council, persuaded them to arrest him and hand him over to the court.
Then, again, consider this, gentlemen,—for I believe that this man, from indolence and enervation, has not even gone up to attend the AreopagusThe speaker suggests that Theomnestus's ignorance shows that he has never attended a sitting of the Areopagus, the most august tribunal of Athens.: you all know that in that place, when they try cases of murder, they do not use this term in making the sworn statements, but the one which was used for slandering me; the prosecutor swears that the other party has killed, and the defendant that he has not killed
Well, of one thing you may be assured, men of Athens: whoever in this serious stringency of your affairs either betrays your cities or decides to steal your money or receive bribes, is the very man to surrender your walls and your ships to the enemy, and to establish oligarchy in place of democracy. It is not right, then, that you should be mastered by their devices: you should rather make an example for all men to see, and regard neither profit nor pity nor aught else as more important than the punishment of these men.
Lysias, Against the Subversion of the Ancestral Constitution of Athens, section 11 (search)
Strange indeed would it be, men of Athens, if after fighting the Lacedaemonians, in the time of our exile, to achieve our return, we should take to flight, when we have returned, to avoid fighting! And will it not be shameful if we sink to such a depth of baseness that, whereas our ancestors risked their all merely for the freedom of their neighbors, you do not dare even to make war for your own?
I do not suppose, men of Athens, that in regard to Halicarnassus and his command and his own proceedings Ergocles will attempt any justification, but that he will state that he returned from Phyle,With the democrats in 403 B.C. that he is a democrat, and that he bore his share in your dangers. But I, men of Athens, do not view the position in that sort of way. I do not suppose, men of Athens, that in regard to Halicarnassus and his command and his own proceedings Ergocles will attempt any justification, but that he will state that he returned from Phyle,With the democrats in 403 B.C. that he is a democrat, and that he bore his share in your dangers. But I, men of Athens, do not view the position in that sort of way.
Lysias, On the Confiscation of the Property of the Brother of Nicias, section 13 (search)
I am well aware, gentlemen, that Poliochus would value most highly his success in this trial, since he would regard it as a fine demonstration to citizens and strangers alike that he has sufficient power in Athens to make you vote in contradiction of your own selves on the very question in which you have sworn to do your duty.