distinguished, since ethical differences depend upon vice and virtue—that
is to say either better than ourselves or worse or much what we are. It is the same
with painters. Polygnotus depicted men
as better than they are and Pauson worse, while Dionysius made likenesses.Polygnotus's portraits were in the grand style and
yet expressive of character（cf. Aristot.
Poet. 6.15）: Aristophanes aIludes to a Pauson as a
"perfectly wicked caricaturist": Dionysius of Colophon earned the name of "the man-painter" because he always
painted men and presumably made "good likenesses."
Clearly each of the above mentioned
arts will admit of these distinctions, and they will differ in representing objects
which differ from each other in the way here described. In painting too, and flute-playing and harp-playing, these
diversities may certainly be found, and it is the same in prose and in unaccompanied
verse. For instance Homer's people are