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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The battle of South Mountain, or Boonsboro‘ (search)
right. The hour for the general advance is not specified in the reports. Some of the Federal officers, as we have seen, speak of the general advance at 5 P. M. General Sturgis says that he became engaged on the south side of the pike at 3:30 P. M. General Meade, on the north side, says that he moved toward the right at 2 P. M., This is the hour at which General Meade says he received the order to move to the front, from the point where his division was halted beyond Middletown, at Catoctin creek. Meade turned off to the right, followed the old Hagerstown road to Mount Tabor Church, and then formed line at the foot of the mountain for the climb. Cooper's battery opened fire at 3:30. Hatch followed Meade, and Ricketts moved last.--Editors. while General Ricketts, who took part in the same movement, says that he did not arrive at the foot of the mountain until 5 P. M. If General Meade was not mistaken as to the time of his starting, he must have been long delayed in the thick woo
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Forcing Fox's Gap and Turner's Gap. (search)
th, he marched out of camp at Middletown. His brigade consisted of the 12th, 23d, and 30th Ohio regiments; that of Crook, which was left in camp, was made up of the 11th, 28th, and 36th Ohio, and each brigade was nearly fifteen hundred strong. Two batteries of artillery and a squadron of cavalry also belonged to the division. I was myself on the road when Scammon marched out, and was riding forward with him to learn how Pleasonton intended to use the troops, when, just as we crossed Catoctin Creek, I was surprised to see Colonel Moor standing at the roadside. With astonishment, I rode to him and asked how he came there. He said he had been taken prisoner beyond the mountain, but had been paroled the evening before, and was now finding his way back to us on foot. But where are you going? said he. I answered that Scammon's brigade was going to support Pleasonton in a reconnoissance into the gap. Moor made an involuntary start, saying, My God! Be careful ; then, checking himself
tion of Virginia's Blue Ridge, as the less considerable Catoctin range, near Frederick, are an extension of the Bull Run range. Between them is the valley of Catoctin creek, some ten miles wide at the Potomac, but narrowing to a point at its head. Several roads cross both ranges; the best being the National Road from Baltimore try would be relieved. So, Gen. Pleasanton, leading our cavalry advance on the road to Hagerstown, encountered some resistance Sept. 13. at the crossing of Catoctin creek in Middletown; but, skirmishing occasionally with Stuart's cavalry, pressed on, backed by Cox's division of Burnside's corps, to find the enemy in force before, at the head of his division, he was watching through a glass the enemy's movements. Gen. Meade, with the Pennsylvania Reserves, had followed Hooker from Catoctin creek up the old Hagerstown road, so far as Mount Tabor church. He went into action on the right of Hatch's division, and was soon heavily engaged; his brigades be
general: Gen. Reno requests that a division of yours may move up on the right (north) of the main road. Gen. McClellan desires you to comply with this request, holding your whole corps in readiness to support the movement, and taking charge of it yourself. Sumner's and Banks's corps have commenced arriving. Let Gen. McClellan be informed as soon as you commence your movement. George D. Ruggles, Col., Asst. Adj.-Gen., and Aide-de-Camp. Maj.-Gen. Hooker. Meade's division left Catoctin creek about two o'clock, and turned off to the right from the main road on the old Hagerstown road to Mount Tabor church, where Gen. Hooker was, and deployed a short distance in advance, its right resting about one and a half miles from the turnpike. The enemy fired a few shots from a battery on the mountain-side, but did no considerable damage. Cooper's battery, B, 1st Penn. Artillery, was placed in position on high ground at about three and a half o'clock, and fired at the enemy on the slo
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Maryland, 1863 (search)
kirmish, WilliamsportWEST VIRGINIA--3d Cavalry. March 23: Skirmish, Williamsport(No Reports.) April 26: Skirmish, OaklandWEST VIRGINIA--6th Infantry (1 Co.). April 26: Skirmish, AltamontILLINOIS--23d Infantry (Detachment). June 10: Skirmish, Seneca MillsMICHIGAN--6th Cavalry (Co. "I"). Union loss, 4 killed, 1 wounded. Total, 5. June 15: Skirmish, WilliamsportMARYLAND--1st Potomac Home Brigade, Cavalry (Cole's Battalion). Union loss, 1 killed, 2 wounded. Total, 3. June 17: Skirmish, Catoctin CreekMARYLAND--1st Potomac Home Brigade, Cavalry (Cole's Battalion). Union loss (including Point of Rocks, June 17), 1 killed, 3 wounded, 26 missing. Total, 30. June 17: Skirmish, Point of RocksMARYLAND--2d Potomac Home Brigade, Cavalry (Co. "F"). VIRGINIA--Means' Indpt. Cavalry Co. Union loss included in Catoctin Creek, June 17. June 20: Skirmish, Middletown(No Reports.) June 21: Skirmish, FrederickMARYLAND--1st Cavalry (Detachment). June 24: Skirmish, Sharpsburg(No Reports.) June 28: Sk
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Maryland Volunteers. (search)
ville September 4. Maryland Heights and siege of Harper's Ferry September 12-14. Cut through enemy's lines September 14. Capture of Longstreet's train at Sharpsburg September 15. Hyattstown, Md., October 12. Charleston November 14. Berryville December 1. Charlestown December 2. Winchester December 5. Halltown December 20. Near Charlestown May 16, 1863. Berryville June 13. Martinsburg June 14. Winchester June 15 (Co. B ). Williamsport June 15. Catoctin Creek June 17. Frederick, Md., June 21. Sharpsburg July--.Fountain Dale, Pa., July 1. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Near Emmittsburg July 4. Falling Waters July 6. Harper's Ferry July 6. Smithfield August 23. Scouts into Loudoun County August 25 and September 12-16 and September 21-26. Catoctin Mountain September 14. Loudoun Valley, Va., September 25. Loudoun Valley and Summit Point October 7. Charleston October 7 (Co. B ). Snickersville, Leesburg, Rector's
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
.: View 125, 9 Castor River, Mo. 153, C9 Fort Caswell, N. C. 76, 2, 76, 4; 105, 8; 132, 1; 135-A; 139, D10; 171 Sketch of, and of adjoining works 132, 2 Catawba Mountain, Va. 81, 6; 141, F13, 141, G13 Catawba River, N. C. 117, 1; 118, 1; 142, E9 Catlett's Gap, Ga. 24, 3; 48, 1; 50, 5; 57, 1, 57, 2; 97, 1; 149, D10 Catlett's Station, Va. 8, 1; 22, 5, 22, 7; 23, 5; 45, 6; 86, 14; 100, 1; 117, 1 Expedition, Aug. 22, 1862 23, 5 Catoctin Creek, Md. 27, 1, 27, 3; 81, 4 Catoctin Mountain, Md. 25, 6; 81, 4; 136, E7 Catoctin Mountain, Va. 81, 4; 136, E7 Catoosa Springs, Ga. 24, 3; 57, 1, 57, 2; 88, 2; 97, 1; 118, 1; 135-A; 149, D11 Catoosa Station, Ga. 57, 1, 57, 2 Cave City, Ky. 118, 1 Cedar Bayou, Tex. 43, 8; 54, 1; 157, D9 Cedar Bluff, Ala. 48, 1; 118, 1; 149, F10 Cedar Creek, Fla. 145, F10; 146, A8 Cedar Creek, Va. 16, 1; 69, 1, 69, 3; 74, 1; 81, 4; 84, 26, 84, 27, 84,
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—Third winter. (search)
the south, the road from Washington to Hagerstown through Turner's Gap, which was carried by McClellan in 1862. But between the Potomac and the Monterey Gap several roads, some of them even passable for artillery, debouch into the Cumberland Valley: all, with one exception, have a double obstacle to pass, for on the south of Jack's Mountain South Mountain forks, one branch, parallel to the principal chain, following it on the east under the name of Catoctin Mountain. In the valley of Catoctin Creek, which separates them, are found the villages of Myersville, Middletown, Jefferson, Burkittsville, and finally Knoxville and Berlin on the Potomac. Frederick is at the foot of the eastern slope of the secondary chain. The only passage situated to the north of this fork branches off into the high road between Fairfield and Monterey, and descends on Ringgold by the passage of Riker's Gap. The first passage to the south goes from Mechanicstown to Hagerstown, crossing the principal chain
ys: The cannonading, on Tuesday afternoon, was very heavy, and continued with some intermission long after nightfall. On this (Wednesday) morning it was resumed at daybreak with such violence and rapidly, that the people of the vicinity, who have watched the progress of the five days contest, say it was entirely unprecedented. It was one continuous battle of heavy guns, and from the position I occupied, Gen. McClellan's right appeared to rest on Sharpsburg, and his left on Catoctin creek. The rebels destroyed a bridge over this creek yesterday, but Gen. McClellan had it rebuilt during the night. The position occupied by General McClellan appears to be an advantageous one, his guns seeming to be stationed on a range of hills, from the apex of which the little clouds of white smoke rolled up in the distance, marking distinctly the line of conflict. The cannonading commenced at daylight, and was heard distinctly up to 1 o'clock, causing the impression that the grea
d. Tuesday the first day of the battle, closed decidedly in our favor, and with the close of the second day (yesterday) the impression prevailed at Hagerstown, some twenty miles to the northward, that "the whole rebel army of Virginia is annihilated." While this main battle was progressing at Sharps burg, it appears that there was an important flank fight, resulting in another Union victory, on the southern side of the dividing chain of mountains at Centreville, on the Kittocian or Catoctin creek, in Maryland, a short distance above the Point of Rocks We presume that the rebel forces in this battle were those left at Leesburg by General Lee, and that they had moved over into Maryland and were endeavoring so reach him, when they were intercepted by our troops left behind by Gen. McClellan for this purpose. If we are not mistaken the brave and trusty Sigel was the commander of this corps. Assuming this reported battle and victory to be correct, the success of Gen. McClellan's com