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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
when a guard discovered a beef bone thrown from the window of number six, he made all of the prisoners form in line and touch the ground with the fore finger without bending the knee. All who could not do this were beaten. A young man was shot for picking up snow to quench his thirst, when the hydrant had been closed for several days. New and cruel punishments were inflicted, as whim, passion, or pure malignity indicated. Wm. Howard, a Baptist minister, sixty years of age, of Graves county, Kentucky, was taken, with his daughters, and beaten over the head with a sabre, until the sabre was broken; and he was otherwise cruelly treated. Lucius T. Harding writes that on the 14th of October the large steamer General Foster came to his place. The sailors entered the house, kicked his sick children, and robbed him of everything. That white officers led negro raids into Westmoreland and Richmond counties. Women were violated wherever they were caught by the negroes with the utmos
osed to be a quarter of a million, fell into the possession of the rebels. It had previously been buried by Colonel Mulligan, but was unearthed by the enemy. The brave Colonel wept like a child when he found himself compelled to surrender.--(Doc. 33.) The rebels troops evacuated Mayfield, Ky., this day. They numbered about seven thousand, under the command of General Cheatham, were nearly all armed, but poorly clothed and indifferently fed. Mayfield is a small town, the seat of Graves County, on the railroad from Paducah to Union City, and midway between the two places. It is about thirty-six miles east of Columbus, Ky.--Chicago Tribune. A Federal scouting party from the Thirty-fourth N. Y. regiment at Darnestown, Md., went across the Potomac near the mouth of the Seneca, and were attacked by a superior party of the rebels. One of the Nationals was killed outright and several were wounded; one of the latter was shot through the cheek, but fled, pursued by the attacki
A Heroic Union girl. Paducah, Ky., Feb. 11.--In these times of terror and peril in this district, some of the most heroic acts have been performed, but perhaps the noblest of all was perpetrated a few days since by a young lady of Graves County, well known to the writer, Miss Anna Bassford. Her father and family are devotedly for the Union. The old man having information that the notorious H. C. King, expelled from our Legislature for treason, and his robber band intended to visit the house for the purpose of taking horses, guns, etc., hid the gun and brought his horses to this place. Whilst here, three of King's robbing band visited the house, demanded the gun and alarmed Mrs. Bassford, who ordered a son some fifteen years old to find the gun and deliver it over. The boy, after considerable search, found the gun; the robbers then demanded a pistol, which they were informed belonged in the family, whereupon the daughter, some seventeen years old, told them she knew where
Doc. 182.-fight at Merriwether's Ferry. Chaplain Locke's narrative. Marion City, Tenn., August 18, 1862. on the morning of the fifteenth, a messenger reported to these headquarters that sixty or seventy rebel recruits for Jackson's cavalry, from Graves and Hickman counties, Kentucky, were passing within eight miles of this place southward, under one Capt. Binfield, who had taken the oath some time since at Hickman. Colonel Harris, commander of the post, immediately ordered out company C, Captain Fullerton, Second Illinois cavalry, in pursuit. The Colonel accompanied the expedition in person. The company left at seven A. M., under command of Lieut. C. Terry, and overtook the enemy about twelve M., at Merriwether's Ferry, on the Obion River, thirty miles from Union City, where they were about to cross, to join some one hundred and fifty others who were camped on the opposite side of the river. The engagement lasted about half an hour, our men behaving in a most gall
and that it was the determination of our commanders, if the place was attacked by the rebels, that it should be shelled until made too hot to hold them. But we found, recently, that we were mistaken, and it became too plain that they intended an attack, and that very shortly. We had information a few days before, that the rebel General Forrest, with seven thousand men, had attacked Union City, Tennessee; then that it had surrendered; then that the rebels were at Wingo Station, in Graves County, Kentucky, advancing toward Mayfield; then that they were on this side, advancing on Paducah; and then, on Friday last, that their advance-guard were just outside our town; then, at one o'clock. P. M., that they were entering it. They started a flag of truce in, but our men fired ont it, and it was stopped. They were said to be about three thousand strong, with a reserve force of some four thousand or five thousand behind. Part of them formed a line of battle beyond and behind the Fort; an
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Memoir of the First Maryland regiment. (search)
wheeling down the Valley, he was already on the march for Banks. On the 14th Ewell marched for Columbia bridge, but Shields had already passed it and gone through Luray, over the mountain, towards Fredericksburg. Then it appeared that Banks began to have some faint idea of his imminent peril, for he fell back rapidly to Strasburg, a strong position, well fortified. Ewell, on the 17th, passed the Shenandoah for New Market gap, whence on the 21st he marched to the top of Milem's gap, on the Graves road. Jackson, in the meantime, had swept up the Valley to New Market. While Ewell halted here, it was that Jackson is said to have requested fewer orders and more men. That at least was the camp story about him. At any rate he there assumed command of Ewell, who retraced his steps to Luray, where he formed a junction with Jackson on the 22d. At this time Brigadier-General Steuart, who had been assigned to the command of the Maryland line, reported for duty, and the First Maryland and Ba
itions occupied by our troops. The loss on our side was about thirty, among whom is Col. Lowe and one Captain of infantry, whose name I could not obtain. It was the opinion of the courier, who was on the field throughout the battle, that the loss of the enemy could not be less than three or four hundred, and an indefinite number wounded. There are cases in which victory is decidedly with the vanquished, and this is one of them. The report that Mayfield, the county site of Graves county, some thirty miles from here, has been taken possession of by the Federals, seems to want confirmation. Some four hundred Federal cavalry remained in the town one day and night, and it is said that a regiment of infantry were within nine miles of the place, intending to occupy it, when word reached the place that a Mississippi regiment were marching upon it, and the cavalry incontinently fled, carrying the infantry back with them to Paducah, so May field is still in our hands. Mov
test and most direct information from Crittenden's command shows the same spirit of dissatisfaction and insubordination that prevails above. Desertions are of daily occurrence, and hitter denunciations of the acts of the Lincoln Congress universal among the Kentucky troops. Several who have deserted have succeeded in making their way within General Clark's lines at Hopkinsville, Ky, The vandals at Paducah are reported as having resumed their depredations upon the Southern Rights men of Graves county--burning houses and plundering the people. To-day rumors and reports of a highly important and exciting character reached here from Green river. They are to the effect that the enemy are crossing over in large force at the month of Little Barren, and that they are also crossing in force at several points below. The Kentucky Cavalry, Col. B. Helm, are closely watching their movements. This may not be correct, though the report is just received and from a source which is entitled t