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o Jackson, and found no forces to command. The sparseness of the population and the general uncertainty prevailing everywhere made concert of action difficult. Citizens who were true to the Old Dominion, appeared to be in the minority and needed protection. In view of the emergency, Col. M. G. Harman moved from Staunton, May 15, 1861, with a supply of arms, under escort of Capt. F. F. Sterrett's company of cavalry, for the relief of the Northwest. Capt. Felix H. Hull also proceeded to Highland with the company to recruit and join Captain Sterrett. Captain Moorman marched to Monterey and Captains Stover and McNeil were sent to Huttonsville. Under similar orders, Colonel Goff was engaged in raising troops in Randolph county, and all these separate companies were directed to unite as rapidly as possible at a point on the route to Grafton. These Federal and Confederate military dispositions around and within the western counties of Virginia had their special bearings upon the pol
been assigned to command in that region and would soon reach the scene of action with such forces as were available in Virginia to aid the loyal western Virginians in their unequal struggle. Colonel Heck, whose mission to Richmond has been mentioned, was on the way early in June with a battery of four pieces from Shenandoah county, Captain Moorman's cavalry company, and three companies of Virginia infantry, and Governor Letcher had called out the militia from the counties of Pendleton, Highland, Bath, Pocahontas, Randolph and Barbour. The response to this call seems to have been patriotic and abundant, but Colonel Heck decided to send the major part home to tend the crops, taking but 300 men from Highland, Bath and Pendleton. General Garnett reached Huttonsville, where Porterfield had then collected about twenty-four companies of West Virginians. From these were organized two regiments, the Twenty-fifth Virginia infantry, under Colonel Heck, and the Thirty-first, under Col. Wil
irginia. During the summer J. D. Imboden, subsequently colonel and brigadier-general in the Confederate service, had been organizing a cavalry battalion in Highland county, enlisting refugees from Braxton, Lewis and Webster counties and other regions, a large majority of his men having but recently escaped from Pierpont's dominiunton, which Imboden's raid happened to prevent. Milroy in his advance had captured several cavalrymen, twelve or fifteen citizens, and burned some houses in Highland county. A few days before this there had been a skirmish near Petersburg, in which a herd of cattle seized by the Confederates had been recaptured by Kelley and some prisoners taken, and Milroy had swept the counties of Highland, Pocahontas, Pendleton and parts of Augusta and Bath, taking in 45 prisoners and some cattle and horses, and immediately after Imboden had left his camp on South Fork with his cavalry, Kelley had swooped down upon the infantry with a large force of cavalry, and captu
ng the loyal people of the valley, who, on their own part, had not yet realized the terrible destruction awaiting them. An even greater terror to the citizens were the Swamp Dragons and bushwhackers, deserters and outlaws who harbored in the mountains and made predatory raids, in which the most fiendish outrages were committed. In the hope of relieving the people from their oppressions, General Jones advanced upon Moorefield, while Imboden's battalion moved toward the same place through Highland and Pendleton counties. Moorefield was attacked January 2d, but Jones was repulsed. He succeeded in compelling the enemy to burn their stores at Petersburg, and then retired to New Market. The services of Colonel Dulaney, Captain McNeill, Lieut. C. H. Vandiver, and Privates J. W. Kuykendall and J. S. Hutton were particularly commended by the general commanding. As the season for resuming military operations in Virginia approached, it was apparent that the Federals were massing their s
infantry was organized at the same time, with the following companies: A, of Marion county, Capt. W. W. Arnett, afterward lieutenant-colonel Twentieth cavalry, succeeded by Capt. W. P. Thompson, promoted to colonel Nineteenth cavalry; B, of Highland county; C, of Harrison county, Capt. U. M. Turner, Lieuts. W. P. Cooper, Norval Lewis; D, of Gilmer county, Capt. J. S. K. McCutcheon, afterward lieutenant-colonel and wounded at Cedar Mountain, and Lieut. John Campbell; E, of Highland county; F, Highland county; F, of Randolph county, Captain Harding; G, of Pocahontas county; H, of Barbour county, Capt. Thomas Bradford, Lieut. I. V. Johnson; I, of Lewis county, Capt. Alfred Jackson, of Weston, afterward lieutenant-colonel and wounded at Cedar Mountain, Lieut. Nathan Clawson. Col. William L. Jackson was the first in command, and early in 1862 was succeeded by John S. Hoffman, of Clarksburg. John G. Gittings, adjutant of the regiment two and a half years, was afterward adjutant-general of Jackson's cavalry
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 3: (search)
d were moving southward on fairly good roads. Garnett's half-famished men, who had been marching without food, or opportunity to obtain any, moving now through a friendly country found no further difficulty in getting all needed supplies. They had lost the greater part of their wagon train at Carrick's ford. At the little town of Petersburg the people turned out en masse with abundance of food for the exhausted Confederates, who from this point moved by easier marches to Monterey in Highland county. On the day of the combat at Carrick's ford, the larger part of six companies of the First Georgia regiment, under Major Thompson, became separated from the main body of the army. Concealed behind the thick mountain undergrowth, they watched the army of General Morris march by, and then started over the pathless mountains to escape to the southeast if possible. After wandering about for three days without food, trying to appease their hunger by chewing the inner bark of the laurel
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Table of Contents. (search)
f forts, batteries, etc., Chattanooga and Nashville, Tenn. Plate 114. Plans of forts, batteries, etc., Nashville, Tenn. Fort Pickering, near Memphis, Tenn. Fort Donelson, Tenn., and vicinity. Field-works and lines, Memphis, Tenn. Plate 115. Johnsonville, Clarksville, Franklin, Columbia, and Gallatin, Tenn. Decatur, Athens, and Huntsville, Ala. Dalton, Ga. Plate 116. McDowell, Va., May 8, 1862. Gettysburg Campaign, June 3-August 1, 1863. Bath and Highland Counties, Va., and Pocahontas and Randolph Counties, W. Va., April 15-23, 1865. Staunton to McDowell, Va. Plate 117. Marches of Sherman's forces, 1863-65. Plate 118. Campaigns of the Army of the Cumberland, 1861-65. Cumberland Gap Campaign, March 28-June 18, 1862. Richmond, Va., Campaign, 1864-65. Plate 119. Section map, latitude 35°--41°, longitude 95°--107°, Kansas and portions of Territories. Plate 120. Department of Utah, 1860. Campaign of the Carolinas, Janua
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Maps, sketches, etc., Pertaining to the several volumes. (search)
y 84 Bermuda Hundred, Va. 77 Beverly, W. Va. 84 Brunswick and New Hanover Counties, N. C. 132 Central Virginia 74, 100 Chester, Va. 78, 79 Dinwiddie Court-House, Va. 74 Farmville, Va. 78 Fifth Army Corps 94 Five Forks, Va. 66, 68, 77 Fort Burnham, Va. 68 Fort Caswell, N. C. 75, 129 Fort Johnston, N. C. 132 High Bridge, Va. 78 Jetersville, Va. 77 Manchester, Va. 78 Petersburg, Va. 77, 78, 79, 100, 118 Pocahontas and Highland Counties, W. Va. 116 Richmond, Va. 77, 100 Rude's Hill, Va. 84 Sailor's Creek, Va. 77 Smith's Island, N. C. 132 Washington, D. C. 89 Waynesborough, Va. 72 Wilmington, N. C. 132 Volume XLVII. Atlanta, Ga. To Goldsborough, N. C. 76 Averasborough, N. C. 79, 80, 133 Bentonville, N. C. 68, 79, 80, 113 Brunswick River, N. C. 68 Cape Fear River, N. C. 68 Fort Anderson, N. C. 135-B Goldsborough, N. C., to Washington, D. C. 86 New Be
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
86, 2; 117, 1; 118, 1; 120, 2; 139, H1; 143, H10; 144, D10 Hickory Plains, Ark. 135-A; 154, B5 Hickory Valley, Tenn. 154, A12 Hicksford, Va. 74, 1; 93, 1; 135-A; 137, H3; 138, A8; 171 High Bridge, Va. 78, 4 Highland County, Va. 116, 3 Scout through, April 15-23, 1865 116, 3 Hillsborough, Ala. 24, 3; 117, 1; 118, 1; 149, E5 Hillsborough, Ga. 69, 5; 70, 1; 101, 21; 117, 1; 118, 1; 143, G3; 144, C3 Hillsborough, Miss. 51, 1; 117, 1; 135-A;g 17, 1 Army of the Cumberland, Campaigns 118, 1 Army Valley District, camps and pickets, Jan, 31, 1865 84, 9 Averell's Expeditions, 1863 135-C, 1 Bailey's Cross-Roads, Aug. 28-30, 1861 5, 8, 5, 9 Bath and Highland Counties, April 15-23, 1865 116, 3 Big Bethel, June 10, 1861 61, 4 Bristoe Campaign 45, 6, 45, 7 Buckingham County 135, 5 Bull Run Campaign, July 16-22, 1861 3, 1, 3, 2; 5, 1, 5, 7 Campaign of the Carolinas 86, 10-15
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of field ordnance service with the Army of Northern Virginia1863-1863. (search)
great deal of useful work. Several thousand stand of arms in the course of the campaign were rendered serviceable, which, otherwise, would have had to go to Richmond, and a good deal of artillery harness was repaired. When Milroy ran away from Winchester, in 1863, he left over twenty pieces of artillery, all of them spiked. Our workmen rendered them all fit for service within a day. My principal workmen were Mr. Gwaltmey, of Norfolk, Mr. Custard, of Maryland, and Mr. McNulty, of Highland county, Virginia. This repair-shop, as well as the special ordnance reports, I placed under charge of Lieutenant I. T. Walke, of Norfolk, who subsequently fell, October 9, 1864, while gallantly fighting with General Fitz. Lee, whose ordnance officer he then was. My principal assistant, who took charge of all the other ordnance property and kept the accounts, was Lieutenant William M. Archer, of Richmond, one of the most faithful and efficient officers of the department, and indeed of the army.
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