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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK II. AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD AND THE ELEMENTS., CHAP. 1. (1.)—WHETHER THE WORLD BE FINITE, AND WHETHER THERE BE MORE THAN ONE WORLD. (search)
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK II. AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD AND THE ELEMENTS., CHAP. 4. (5.)—OF THE ELEMENTS
The account of the elements, of their nature, difference, and, more
especially, the necessity of their being four, are fully discussed by
Aristotle in various parts of his works, more particularly in his treatise
De Cœlo, lib. iii. cap. 3, 4 and 5, lib. iv. cap. 5, and De Gener. et Cor.
lib. ii. cap. 2, 3, 4 and 5. For a judicious summary of the opinions of
Aristotle on this subject, I may refer to Stanley's History of Philosophy;
Aristotle, doctrines of, p. 2. 1. 7, and to AND THE PLANETS Enfield, i. 764 Although the word . (search)
inserted in the title of this chapter, it does not occur in any part of the
text. It is not found either in Lucretius, Manilius, or Seneca, nor, I
believe, was it used by any of their contemporaries, except Hyginus, p. 76.
The planets were generally styled Cicero, De Nat. Deor. ii. 51, and in Seneca, Nat. Quæst. vii. 24. Pliny,
by including the sun and moon, makes the number seven. Aratus calls
them pe/nt' a)/steres, l. 454. et seq.For the Epicurean doctrine, see Lucretius, i. 764 et seq. planeta,as taken from the Greek stellæ erraticæ, errantes,or vagæ, sidera palantia,as in Lucretius, ii. 1030, or simply the five stars,as in