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es named in the bill, either the neglect or open opposition of their people and representatives and senators prevented any further action from the committee. Meanwhile a new incident once more brought the question of military emancipation into sharp public discussion. On May 9, General David Hunter, commanding the Department of the South, which consisted mainly of some sixty or seventy miles of the South Carolina coast between North Edisto River and Warsaw Sound, embracing the famous Sea Island cotton region which fell into Union hands by the capture of Port Royal in 1861, issued a military order which declared: Slavery and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible; the persons in these three States --Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina-heretofore held as slaves are therefore declared forever free. The news of this order, coming by the slow course of ocean mails, greatly surprised Mr. Lincoln, and his first comment upon it was positive and emphatic. N
e army required them to come down the road.--Baltimore American, June 18. The iron-clad gunboat Chattahoochee, belonging to the rebels, was destroyed at Chattahoochee, Florida, by the bursting of her boiler. A correspondent of the Charleston Courier gives the following account of the affair: The schooner Fashion, at anchor in the Chattahoochee River, twenty-five miles above Apalachicola, was loading with cotton, and intended to run the blockade. She had received sixty bales of Sea-Island cotton, and was awaiting for another arrival from----, when a spy or some traitorous person conveyed the fact to the enemy's fleet blockading. The result was, that the enemy sent nine launches with armed men, captured the schooner with the cotton on board, and took her to the fleet. When the news reached Chattahoochee, Lieutenant Guthrie, commanding the confederate States ironclad gunboat Chattahoochee, ordered steam to be raised, and was determined to pass the obstructions in the river,
t gallantly and drove the attacking party off. I send you his report: I have the honor to report that my camp was attacked this morning at about four o'clock, by Mosby and his command. After a brisk fight of about one hour, they were repulsed and driven from the camp. Our loss is two men killed and thirteen wounded. Among the latter is Captain Vernon, seriously, and Lieutenant Rivers, slightly. There are some missing, but it is impossible to give the exact number at present. The rebels left four dead in the camp--one captain, and one a lieutenant. They left three prisoners in our hands, two of them wounded, and one a lieutenant.--(Doc. 46.) The United States bark Roebuck captured the rebel sloop Marie Louise while attempting to run out of Jupiter Inlet, Florida. She was of about eight tons register, and laden with three thousand pounds Sea Island cotton.--eighteen shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, S. C., from the National defences around that city.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
here on the coast of South Carolina, are one sheet of flames and smoke. The commanding office of all the exposed points on our coast have received positive instructions to burn or destroy all property which cannot be conveniently taken away and is likely to be seized by the enemy. Coast Islands. In this connection it is proper to say, that so soon as the report of the existence of a vast quantity of abandoned cotton on these coast islands — cotton of the most valuable kind The Sea Island cotton of commerce is the product of a narrow belt of coast islands along the shores of South Carolina, and in the vicinity of the mouth of the Savannah River. The seed was obtained from the Bahama Islands, and the first successful crop raised in South Carolina was on Hilton Head Island, in 1790. It is of the arborescent kind, and noted for its long fiber, adapted to the manufacture of the finest fabrics and the best thread. It always brought a very high price. Just before the war, whe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
empt to burn the city of New York.—27. General Steele encounters and defeats 800 Confederates at Mitchell's Fork.—28. Monitor Milwaukee blown up and sunk by a torpedo in Mobile Bay; only one man injured. The monitor Osage blown up and sunk the next day by a torpedo in Mobile Bay. Of her crew, four were killed and six wounded. the Milwaukee, having sunk in shallow water, kept up her firing. —30. The amount of cotton taken at Savannah reported at 38,500 bales, of which 6,000 bales were Sea Island.—31. The transport General Lyon burned off Cape Hatteras, and about 500 soldiers perished. —April 1. Newbern, N. C., fired in several places by incendiaries; little harm done. Fort Lafayette. Fort Lafayette was built in the narrow strait between long Island and Staten Island, known as the Narrows, at the entrance to the harbor of New York. During the Civil War it was used as a prison for persons disaffected towards the national government. On Dec. 1, 1868, the Fort was partially
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
upon any person whom they should next elect for speaker. and to dissolve the Assembly in case they should question the right of such negative. So the affections of the colonies. one after another, were alienated from the mother country by her unwise rulers. The Provincial Congress of Georgia assembled at Tondee's Long Room, in Savannah, July 4, 1775, at which delegates from fourteen districts and parishes were in attendance—namely, from the districts of Savannah, Vernonburg, Acton, Sea Island, and Little Ogeechee, and the parishes of St. Matthew, St. Philip, St. George, St. Andrew, St. David, St. Thomas, St. Mary, St. Paul, and St. John. Archibald Bullock was elected president of the Congress, and George Walton secretary. The Congress adopted the American Association, and appointed as delegates to the Continental Congress Lyman Hall (already there), Archibald Bullock, Dr. Jones, John Houstoun, and Rev. Dr. Zubley, a Swiss by birth, who soon became a Tory. Sir James Wright (t
uted by much the largest source of supply, but within the past few years cotton-seed is largely used, it as well as linseed yielding a large proportion of oil, beside meal or cake well adapted for feeding cattle or hogs. Cotton-seed (excepting Sea Island) is preferably decorticated previous to being ground and pressed, otherwise the treatment of these and linseed is the same. The seed is first passed between two rollers, one of which revolves more rapidly than the other, subjecting it to a d; e f, plungers and pump-cylinders; g, pipe transmitting pressure to the ram. D is a plunger-press, to be presently described. The product of oil is about 2 gallons from a bushel of linseed, or 56 pounds of hulled cotton-seed; that from Sea Island seed, which does not require hulling, is about 90 gallons from each 100 bushels. Oil-heater, presser, and hydrostatic-press pump. The oil-press was invented by Aristaeus, the Athenian ; so says Pliny. To find the date at which he flouri
oirCocos nuciferaTropicsStrong and coarse. Cordage, mats, brushes, bags, ropes, etc. CottonGossypium her baceum, etcWarm countries.Length, strength, etc., of fiber, various. East Indian generally coarse and short; American finer and longer. Sea Island and Egyptian have the longest fibers. Cotton (silk)Bombax ceibaSouth AmericaA silky substance unfit for spinning. Used for stuffing cushions, etc. Cuba bastParitium elatumCuba, etcA bark. Used to tie up cigars. DaphneDaphne papyraceaIndiaFgiven to the individual yarns. Thread of fine quality was imported into England from Holland and Flanders for many centuries. The thread for making the Honiton (Devonshire, England) lace was imported from Antwerp. Long-fibered cotton, as Sea Island, or Egyptian, is best adapted for making thread. Sewing-thread undergoes the following operations in the process of manufacture:— 1. It is passed through a picker, which separates and arranges the fibers. 2. The carding-machine straightens
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 2, Chapter 46: negro conditions during the Civil War (search)
nt toward us characterized him as a friend and a gentleman. We have confidence in General Sherman, and think what concerns us could not be in better hands. This is our opinion now, from the short acquaintance and interview we have had. As a result of this investigation and after considerable meditation upon the perplexing problem as to what to do with the growing masses of unemployed negroes and their families, and after a full consultation with Mr. Stanton, General Sherman issued his Sea-Island Circular, January 16, 1865. In this paper the islands from Charleston south, the abandoned rice fields along the rivers for thirty miles back from the sea, and the country bordering the St. Johns River, Fla., were reserved for the settlement of the negroes made free by the acts of war, and the proclamation of the President. General Rufus Saxton, already on the ground, was appointed Inspector of Settlements and Plantations; no other change was intended or desired in the settlements on B
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard), Chapter 14: (search)
y so, and I can assure you ample justice was done to their merits here.—Memoirs of Mrs. Anne Grant, of Laggan. . . . . . Not a great deal of society came to her house, and what there was did not much interest me. I met there Owen of Lanark, who talked me out of all patience with his localities and universalities; Wilson, of The Isle of Palms, a pretending young man, but with a great deal of talent John Wilson, Christopher North, whose chief acknowledged production at this time was the Isle of Palms, a poem.; Hogg, the poet, vulgar as his name, and a perpetual contradiction, in his conversation, to the exquisite delicacy of his Kilmeny. . . . . Mrs. Fletcher is the most powerful lady in conversation in Edinburgh, and has a Whig coterie of her own, as Mrs. Grant has a Tory one. She is the lady in Edinburgh by way of eminence, and her conversation is more sought than that of anybody there. An interesting autobiography of Mrs. Fletcher, with selections from her letters, etc., h
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