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Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 260 6 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 124 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2. 104 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1. 82 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 8. (ed. Frank Moore) 78 0 Browse Search
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862., Part II: Correspondence, Orders, and Returns. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott) 75 1 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 72 50 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore) 70 4 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 5. (ed. Frank Moore) 70 0 Browse Search
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott) 69 7 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the Confederate States Navy. (search)
hard to keep out of range. When we reached Fort Pillow the enemy's fleet was only three or four mio shell it. A few vessels now arrived at Fort Pillow from New Orleans belonging to what was knowverywhere on the river, from New Orleans to Fort Pillow, ridicule of the graduates of the naval schg the army. At Randolph, a few miles below Fort Pillow, I found Commander Pinkney with the gun-boa gun-boats. Randolph could not hold out if Fort Pillow fell, and as Pinkney had no infantry suppor there were eight of the Montgomery rams at Fort Pillow; they had had an engagement with the enemy, and transports, were around the bend above Fort Pillow. Thompson proposed to ram the tin-clads, after this attack the Confederates evacuated Fort Pillow. As soon as Commander Pinkney heard of thelanding. As soon as the enemy learned that Fort Pillow had been evacuated, Foote's fleet started dy's boats. Just before the evacuation of Fort Pillow the Confederates had launched at Memphis a [6 more...]
ive operations in Missouri by a combined movement of the armies of Price, McCulloch, Hardee, and Pillow, aided by Jeff Thompson's irregular command. It has already been seen that this plan failed thrs Polk and Pillow felt the pressing necessity for the occupation of Columbus, and on August 28th Pillow wrote to Polk urging its immediate seizure. This had been Polk's own view for some time, but ororks were begun there. His design now was to make that the advanced point of defense-holding Fort Pillow as a position to fall back upon, in the event he was driven to it. With those two points thor the Missouri shore at that point, and thus obstructing river navigation below No. 10; while Fort Pillow was to form the last stronghold in the chain. Most of the winter was spent in strengthening was put on No. 10 and New Madrid; so that when the time came to occupy them, they, as well as Fort Pillow, were in a proper state of defense. General Polk's share in this campaign will appear as
t heavy artillery. Indeed, not having been properly informed of the reductions in the garrison from sickness and other causes, he estimated the force there at 16,000 men, and sought to strengthen his line where most vulnerable by a detachment from it. For this purpose, he ordered Polk to send Pillow, with 5,000 men, to Clarksville, where, with the troops at Fort Donelson and Fort Henry, he could defend that section from sudden irruption. The battle of Belmont, however, intervened, delaying Pillow's removal; after which, on the ground of an imperious necessity, all his generals concurring, Polk suspended the order. It was represented to General Johnston that but 6,000 effectives would be left at Columbus, confronted by 25,000 men, who were being largely reinforced from Missouri. In a letter to the Secretary of War, November 15th, General Johnston thus explains his situation: I therefore revoked my order. General Polk's force is stated far below what I have estimated it; and,
report. Grant's object. Polk's preparation. Pillow's account of the opening of the battle. Grantof the Confederates at the same time. Such is Pillow's statement, and it is corroborated by the rep and battalion also fell short of ammunition. Pillow ordered a bayonet-charge, which was made gallan back, but, in the final charge, prevailing. Pillow says he ordered his line to fall back to the rred Confederates took refuge behind this bank, Pillow, who had sent to Polk for an additional regime Louisiana and Carroll's Fifteenth Tennessee. Pillow determined to try to retrieve the fortunes of iters, was disastrous enough to Grant's army. Pillow says: Marks attacked the column, and theten and broken that they fled into the woods. Pillow halted his men to reform, and drew them off tone-third of them being killed and wounded. Pillow, in his report, says: We buried of the eand coolness on the field. On the other side, Pillow displayed conspicuous gallantry, and but one o[1 more...]
d, her authorities assembled volunteers at the most assailable points on her borders, and took measures for guarding the water-entrances to her territory. All the strong points on the Mississippi were occupied and fortified-Memphis, Randolph, Fort Pillow, and Island No.10. The last-named place, though a low-lying island, was believed to be a very strong position. Captain Gray, the engineer in charge when General Johnston assumed command (September 18th), reported that Island No.10 was one ofGeneral Johnston, dated January 11, 1862: My available force is greatly reduced by sickness and absence . . . There are many regiments in my division who are without arms, and several poorly armed. The unarmed regiments are stationed at Forts Pillow, Donelson, and Henry; at Trenton, Union City, and Henderson Station. In my return you will find embraced the brigade of Brigadier-General Alcorn. His men are sixty-day troops from Mississippi, who are armed with every variety of weapon. The
ed, and satisfactory trial of all my guns. Pillow wrote to Floyd to the same effect. He stated Johnson, whom-he had superseded. The right of Pillow's line was held by the brigade of Colonel Heimhe following solution as an hypothesis merely: Pillow, more sanguine than the other two, believed hesee, however, was in the trenches out of which Pillow's troops had marched, an hour before daylight ther artillery, a severe fire was kept up. Pillow sent messages urging Buckner to attack; and abr put into the fight. What occurred was this: Pillow ordered the regiments which had been engaged td, hearing his arguments, yielded to them. Pillow says, in his supplemental report: I knewwas made by Smith; and then Hanson, who, under Pillow's direct orders, preceded the rest of Buckner'ring the siege. Floyd estimated it at 1,500. Pillow, in his supplemental report, put it at 2,000. responsibility of which he would not assume. Pillow probably adhered to his opinion, but did not i[27 more...]
eat to the latter place or to Grenada, Mississippi, and, if necessary, to Jackson, Mississippi. At Columbus, Kentucky, will be left only a sufficient garrison for the defense of the works there, assisted by Hollins's gunboats, for the purpose of making a desperate defense of the river at that point. A sufficient number of transports will be kept near that place for the removal of the garrison therefrom, when no longer tenable in the opinion of the commanding officer. Island No.10 and Fort Pillow will likewise be defended to the last extremity, aided also by Hollins's gunboats, which will then retire to the vicinity of Memphis, where another bold stand will be made. (Signed) G. T. Beauregard, General C. S. A. (Signed) W. J. Hardee, Major-General. A true copy: S. W. Ferguson, Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp. This plan of campaign embraced the defense of the line of the Cumberland, if possible; or, if not, then a retreat to Stevenson. Beauregard was to fall back southward with
gunboats, and provided with provisions and ammunition for several months, or abandoned altogether, its armament and garrison being transferred if practicable to Fort Pillow, which, I am informed, is a naturally and artificially strong position, about one hundred miles above Memphis. Island No.10, near New Madrid, could also be hel also to state that in the course of this conversation he stated that, if for any reason he might be compelled to fall back from Corinth, his line would be from Fort Pillow with headquarters at Grand Junction, with a fixed determination at all hazards to hold the Mississippi River to Port Hudson, and keep the line of communication at Donelson. I had made every disposition for the defense of the fort my means allowed; and the troops were among the best of my forces, and the generals, Floyd, Pillow, and Buckner, were high in the opinion of officers and men for skill and courage, and among the best officers of my command; they were popular with the volunteers
fterward reduced to some four or five thousand by the removal of troops. General Beauregard informed him from the first that under no circumstances would his force be increased, as it was intended as a forlorn hope to hold this position until Fort Pillow was fortified. The defense at Island No.10 was not adequate to the preparations there; but, as its bearing on General Johnston's operations was simply to withhold from his army its garrison, which did not surrender until the day after the batPope's (about)27,000 Total149,786 Their aggregate force reached about 200,000 men. To meet these great armies, General Johnston had about 20,000 men of his own army, 25,000 or 30,000 under Beauregard, and 9,000 or 10,000 at Island No.10, Fort Pillow, and other garrisons; not more than 60,000 in all, of whom not more than 50,000 were effectives. The forces immediately to be encountered, exclusive of Pope's, were: Grant50,000 Buell37,000 Mitchell18,000 Total105,000 To engage the
arly circumstanced; there was no alternative but to fall back until reenforcements should arrive from Columbus. Taking up a strong position on the river-bank, Pillow arranged his lines for the final assault of the enemy; it being supposed, as they had full possession of our camps, and were firing them, that Grant would hurry fs a good bishop; he is now an excellent and accomplished Major-General, and possesses the entire confidence, love, and respect of all who know or serve under him. Pillow is annoyed, however, because he himself was not placed in chief command at Columbus — a position for which he is totally unfitted, as subsequent events will fullyWe were convinced that our boys had been having the worst of it all the morning, or our haste would not have been so pressing. We had scarcely landed when one of Pillow's orderlies rode up and begged us for God's sake to hurry up, as the boys were hard pressed, and had been fighting a long time against odds, and were only recove
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