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Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 42 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 34 0 Browse Search
Xenophon, Cyropaedia (ed. Walter Miller) 26 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 26 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 18 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 16 0 Browse Search
P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses (ed. Arthur Golding) 14 0 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 14 0 Browse Search
Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer) 10 0 Browse Search
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2 10 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for India (India) or search for India (India) in all documents.

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the department of the Seine, where great improvements have been made in the art; such as giving irregular forms to the large bulbs, to increase their resemblance to pearls, and exposing them for a short time to the vapor of hydrofluoric acid, so as to remove the glassy appearance of the exterior coating. Mucilage of gun-arabic is also used instead of wax, which increases the translucency, and is not liable to be melted by heat. Beads of agate, carnelian, and allied stones are made in British India by breaking the stones into pieces of the required size, and chipping them with a hammer until rounded. They are then fixed in wooden clams, and partially polished by rubbing on a coarse, hard stone, after which they are similarly treated by being rubbed on a board covered with emery and lac. The polishing process is completed by placing a large number of them in a leathern bag partially filled with emery-dust and a fine powder derived from the stones themselves in drilling, and rolling
ge, and a missile on top of the latter, we have a fire-arm; and this may have been the condition of the matter when the advanced guard of Alexander was met in Northern India by a people who fought them with balls of fire, as the ancient historian narrates. The word canne, a reed, is well chosen; for the original tube was a reed oorigin is unknown even to Mussulmans. The Turkey carpet pattern represents inlaid jeweled work, which accords with Eastern tales of jewels and diamonds. In British India the carpet manufacture is carried on extensively. At Benares and Moorshedabad are produced velvet carpets with gold embroidery. A very elaborate carpet sent Silk embroidered hookah carpets, cotton carpets, or satrunjees, printed cotton carpets, printed floorcloth, woolen carpets, are made in different districts of British India. Of late years, linen warp has been introduced instead of cotton, and the fabric is thereby much improved. The designs of the Indian carpets have more regula
ormed by embankments of massive masonry that seem to defy the hand of time. They form part of a vast system of irrigation. Similar structures are found in Southern India and Arabia, and point to the occupation of those countries by the same race; a civilized people, older than the Arabs and Hindoos. In England the dams of r′tus. (Sugar-manufacture.) A mode of extracting the sugar from cane or beet-root by dissolving it out with water. It is adopted in some establishments in British India and in Austria. The sugar-yielding material is fed in at the hopper a and cut into slices in the cylinder b by knives driven by band-wheel r, and issues at thgs into the muddy waters of the river, which delivers yearly into the Bay of Bengal 534,600,000 tons of solid matter. Mahmoud, about 1024, after desolating Northern India for some years, came to Somnauth, and — omitting the details — plundered from the Temple of Siva the destroyer the rich offerings of centuries, carrying them
f the earth by measuring a degree of the meridian. Measurements of an are of the meridian have been made by the Chaldeans, by Eratosthenes, by Al Maimon, by Pire, and more lately by the French, English, Germans, and others; in Peru, Lapland, British India, and elsewhere. (See armil ; armillary-sphere ; astronomical instruments ; odometer.) We regard Eratosthenes with profound respect as the author of the science of geography, and the name thereof. The extent of each zone he determined by they to be transferred to copper, from which any number of copies may be printed. But a very small portion of the globe comparatively has been surveyed with an accuracy even approaching that above described. Africa, Asia, with the exception of British India, South America, a large part of North America, and even a considerable portion of Europe, afford no better data for the construction of maps than detached astronomical observations at different points and rudely measured or even estimated tab
in Europe for candle and soap making, etc. Souari-nutCaryocar nuciferum, etc.South AmericaContains a sweet oil. Much used in South America. SunflowerHelianthus annuusEurope, etcSeed yields an oil. Used in making fancy soaps, etc. Tallow (vegetable).Pentadesma butyraSierra LeoneTallow, a term often applied to solid fatty substances obtained from plants. That produced from the seeds of the Stillingia sebifera is used for candles by the Chinese. Stillingia sebiferaChina Bassia butyraceaeN. India WalnutJuglans regia, etcEurope and AmericaAn oil often sold as nut-oil. Used in the arts and to adulterate other oils. Wax (bees)Beeswax, although not strictly a vegetable production, is primarily derived from the pollen of flowers Wax (insect)Fraxinus sinensisChinaA kind of wax deposited by an insect, the coccus pe-la, on the leaves of this species of ash. Wax (Japan)Rhus succedaneaJapanA vegetable wax afforded by the fruit of the tree. Used in candle-making Wax (palm)Copernicia cer
urface of the rubber tire forces itself, to prevent slipping. The outside of the tire is protected from injury, to some extent, by an endless band of steel cross-bars, which yield with the tire to inequalities of ground. The locomotive is steered by a single pivoted wheel in front, and is able to turn in very small space. By a little change in the machinery, it may also be used as a portable engine. See road-roller. Road-locomotives are employed to some extent in England and in British India, but have not met with much favor in continental Europe or America. A few are in use in Brazil, and in the United States several kinds are manufactured to order; but the demand for them is, at present, not great. See Taction-engine. Road-met′al. (Engineering.) Broken stone for making or mending macadam roads. Road-roll′er. A heavy cylinder used for compacting the surfaces of roads. One of the road-rollers used in the Central Park, New York, weighs 6 1/2 tons, and is a<
sack is said to be the only one which survived the confusion of tongues at Babel, being the same in all languages. Each man, as soon as he found something was going wrong, called for his sack to carry home his tools in. Sacks are made in Western India from the inner bark of the Antiaris saccidora. A section of the tree about one foot in diameter is cut off, of the length required for a sack; soaking and pounding loosens it, and it is stripped off as a squirrel is skinned. Sew up the end, arrying the seedhop-per, and having three hollow teeth, 28 inches in length, which draw a furrow into which the seed drops. This machine follows the plow, and is itself followed by the roller. See seeding-plow. A native machine used in British India is substantially similar. We find drills, both for seed and manure, mentioned by Worlidge in his Husbandry, 1669. Evelyn, who was one of the founders of the Royal Society of England, and who died in 1706, wrote in high commendation of a
ropicsThe bark is very astringent. Used for tanning. MimosaMimosaWarm climatesThe bark of an Australian species may be used in tanning. MunjeetRubia cordifoliaN. IndiaUsed for the same purposes as the European madder. Also affords garancine. MyrobalansTerminalia (various).IndiaThe fruit husk possesses an astringent principle.en made, it is said, recently, with considerable success, to introduce the culture of the plant into Ceylon. It has also been cultivated with some success in Northern India. About 1844, Dr. Junius Smith, of South Carolina, attempted the culture of tea in that State. The plants throve, but the product could not compete in priccians, by means of their factories on the Persian Gulf, maintained with the east coast of India, the Sanscrit word kastira, expressing a most useful product of Further India, and still existing among the old Aramaic idioms in the Arabian word kasdir, became known to the Greeks even before Albion and the British Cassiterides had bee
s for the treatment of oxen are full and excellent. In Tuscany, oxen are guided by reins attached to rings passing through the cartilage between the nostrils. In Africa, a straight stick takes the place of the ring, and the ends of the bridle-rein are attached to it. The ox is the riding and pack animal of Central Africa. Fig. 7388 is a view of the cheetah, or hunting-leopard cart, from which he is let loose when the prey is seen. The drawing is taken from a model made in the Bombay Presidency, India, and exhibited at the World's Fair, London, 1851. It shows the heavy tongue, which forms a seat for the driver. 2. The neck-yoke, by which the fore end of the tongue is suspended from the hames, or collars of a span of horses. See neck-yoke. 3. A frame to fit the shoulders and neck of a person, and support a couple of buckets suspended from the ends of the yoke. Yokes (from Thebes). The ordinary yoke, worn upon the shoulders, and used so commonly in Europe for su