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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 236 0 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 114 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 44 0 Browse Search
James Buchanan, Buchanan's administration on the eve of the rebellion 42 0 Browse Search
Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, Debates of Lincoln and Douglas: Carefully Prepared by the Reporters of Each Party at the times of their Delivery. 20 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 20 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 18 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: February 21, 1865., [Electronic resource] 16 0 Browse Search
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1 14 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: November 9, 1860., [Electronic resource] 12 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A vindication of Virginia and the South. (search)
tain the public faith and preserve the Union, it is necessary to refer to a map of the country, and to remember that at that time neither Texas, New Mexico, California nor Arizona belonged to the United States; that the country west of the Mississippi which fell under that compromise is that which was acquired from France in the purchase of Louisiana, and which includes West Minnesota, the whole of Iowa, Arkansas, the Indian Territory, Kansas, Nebraska, and Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, Washington and Oregon, embracing an area of 1,360,000 square miles. Of this the South had the privilege of settling Arkansas alone, or less than four per cent. of the whole. The sacrifice thus made by the South, for the sake of the Union, will be more fully appreciated when we reflect that under the Constitution Southern gentlemen had as much right, and the same right to go into the Territories with their slaves, that the men of the North had to carry with them there their a
Eliza Frances Andrews, The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865, V. In the dust and ashes of defeat (may 6-June 1, 1865). (search)
ed us and left us to perish without even a pitying sigh at our miserable doom, and we hate the whole world for its cruelty, yet we hate the Yankees more, and they will find the South a volcano ready to burst beneath their feet whenever the justice of heaven hurls a thunderbolt at their heads. We are overwhelmed, overpowered, and trodden underfoot . . . but immortal hate and study of revenge lives, in the soul of every man. . . . [Ms. torn.] Mrs. Alfred Cumming, whose husband was Governor of Utah before the war, came to see us this morning. She tried to go to Clarkesville, but found the country so infested with robbers and bushwhackers and Kirke's lambs, that she dared not venture three miles beyond Athens. The Yankees have committed such depredations there that the whole country is destitute and the people desperate. The poor are clamoring for bread, and many of them have taken to bushwhacking as their only means of living. Mrs. Cumming traveled from Union Point to Barnett in th
trate beneath his reserve of manner. But his cordial grasp, as I shook hands with him and bade him good-by, and his hearty God bless you, Eaton revealed what I had for years yearned to know, that my warm feelings for him were reciprocated; and I think those feelings were never for a moment alienated; so that, when he fell at Shiloh, I felt as if I had lost a brother. That the friend so cherished had desired and valued this boyish devotion is proved by a letter of General Johnston's from Utah, in 1858. He writes to Captain Eaton: I have known you long; more than the lifetime of a generation. I remember when I first saw you on North River. The son of a noble patriot could not fail to attract my attention; and, although you were much my junior, I felt a desire for your friendship, which in the course of time I acquired. I need not say that it was reciprocal, and in all that time not one incident has occurred to mar a friendship purely disinterested. To many a veteran sol
ters before he suffered a relapse, which brought him to the verge of the grave. His strong constitution at last brought him safely through. Writing about the middle of May, he says: I try my physical powers a little every day. I have been so little accustomed to sickness that I can hardly realize it, and find myself inclined constantly to jump up and go right off to work. He was gradually restored to strength and health, but did not recover his robust appearance until braced by a winter in Utah. During the summer and fall of 1856 all other interests were subordinate to the political struggle which resulted in the election of Mr. Buchanan, the Democratic candidate, over Fremont, the nominee of the Antislavery party. The following letters are inserted, because they clearly define General Johnston's views on the subject of abolitionism and his apprehensions at that time. On the 21st of August, writing from San Antonio to the author, he says: The best friends of the Union
ps employed to enforce the Federal authority in Utah, was for more than two years placed in relatione promised land has enabled them to indulge it. Utah reproduced to their imaginations a new and enlach a way as to work marvels of achievement. Utah was transferred, by the treaty of 1848, from Meent; but when it left a residuum of Gentiles in Utah, whose criticism or obduracy provoked the enmitan Vliet explained that the action in regard to Utah was exactly that taken in regard to all the othammatory character, beginning- Citizens of Utah: We are invaded by a hostile force who are evidrom Arkansas to Southern California, arrived in Utah. This company was made up of farmers' familiesd, according to custom, to refit their teams in Utah, and buy food and forage sufficient to pass theac C. Haight, President and High-Priest of Southern Utah, and Major John D. Lee, a bishop of the cher was distributed ; and Beadle, in his Life in Utah, says: Much of it was sold in Cedar City at pub[4 more...]
Chapter 14: Utah campaign. Federal policy toward the Mormons. expedition to sustain civtrictures on himself. Though the troubles in Utah had been so long brewing, their nature seems tos determined to send a small force of troops to Utah and establish a military department there similnity and, in part, the civil government of Utah Territory are in a state of substantial rebellion agt to Governor Cumming and the civil officers of Utah; but General Johnston in person waited on the between the escort and accompanying himself to Utah. The Governor chose the former. General Johnswould say, as the question of the expedition to Utah has been touched, that I hold that the country now occupied by that portion of the citizens of Utah belonging to the sect of Mormons, it is of theiy to him. He said his object was peace; that in Utah there was a war party and a peace party, and thith the command of Brigham Young, the people of Utah, most of them reluctantly, abandoned their home[8 more...]
cept where they preferred to take employment in Utah or go to California. Similar precautions were makes these remarks: While journeying to Utah, and while at Fort Bridger, Colonel Johnston tough, who had charge of the southern district of Utah, determined, if possible, to bring to justice te light: By Alfred Cumming, Governor of Utah Territory: a proclamation. Whereas, One company once the political arrangements that kept him in Utah. He found the climate healthful but disagreeabheap. With the further history of events in Utah this memoir has no concern, and hence it may becern about the United States army: camp Floyd, Utah, June 22, 1859. my dear son: Your letter of During General Johnston's official career in Utah, as elsewhere, it was his wish so to conduct thns of this sort. While General Johnston was in Utah, some leading gentlemen in the West, of conservad been completely restored by three winters in Utah; and, such was his vigor that, at fifty-eight y[9 more...]
, careful of the interests of the people, presents so many excellences that it is hard not to wish to see it realized. Such a vision influenced to some extent his imagination, the more so, as he deemed the spirit of personal independence the only effectual check upon the tendency to despotism present in all government. Devotion to the Union, fostered by the conviction of its unnumbered blessings, and by his military service, made him unwilling to consider it otherwise than as perpetual. In Utah, as the exponent of the military power of the Government, he was intrusted with the execution of its orders; its honor and dignity were in his custody; its welfare was the constant motive of his acts; and in his hands the mere symbols of its power had triumphed over the causeless rebellion of that disaffected yet dependent population. But his life had not been passed altogether in the service of the United States. He had been the soldier of Anglo-Saxon freedom, the cabinet officer of a
ommanding the Third Arkansas Regiment. This officer, in reply to General Johnston's questions, explained, with some pride, that he held the centre of the front line, the other regiments forming on him. Marmaduke had been with General Johnston in Utah, at Bowling Green, and in the retreat to Corinth, and regarded him with the entire affection and veneration of a young soldier for his master in the art of war. General Johnston put his hand on Marmaduke's shoulder, and said to him with an earnestallant band of Texans, Wharton, Ashbel Smith, and others; with a multitude besides, known to him personally or by reputation and name as the inheritors of martial virtues. But why multiply names? Regulars were there, who had wintered with him in Utah; Texans who had known him on the border, as patriot leader, statesman, citizen, soldier; the men of Monterey and the Mexican War, and the brave soldiers who had welcomed him with shouts at Columbus, or helped him to guard the line of the Barren Ri
s greatly distinguished in the fighting around and capture of Monterey, General Taylor, with whom the early years of his service had been passed, declared him to be the best soldier be had ever commanded. More than once I have heard General Zachary Taylor express this opinion. Two cavalry regiments were added to the United States Army in 1854, and to the colonelcy of one of these Johnston was appointed. Subsequently, a brigadier by brevet, he commanded the expedition against the Mormons in Utah. Thus he brought to the Southern cause a civil and military experience far surpassing that of any other leader, Born in Kentucky, descended from an honorable colonial race, connected by marriage with influential families in the West, where his life had been passed, he was peculiarly fitted to command Western armies. With him at the helm, there would have been no Vicksburg, no Missionary Ridge, no Atlanta. His character was lofty and pure; his presence and demeanor dignified and courteous,
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