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common laws and familiar agents. As the soil and climate must determine what grains, fruits, and vegetables can be raised with profit, it soon became evident to our Medford farmers that Indian corn was to be a staple. Rye, barley, wheat, and oats were found productive as grains; peas and beans yielded abundantly; while turnips, beets, onions, and parsnips gradually grew into favor. Potatoes were not known to our first settlers; although among the articles, to send for New England, from London, March 16, 1628, potatoes are named. The potato is a native of Chili and Peru. We think there is no satisfactory record of potatoes being in England before they were carried from Santa Fe, in America, by Sir John Hawkins, in 1653. They are often mentioned as late as 1692. Their first culture in Ireland is referred to Sir Walter Raleigh, who had large estates there. A very valuable kind of potato was first carried from America by that patriot of every clime, Mr. Howard, who cultivated it
our reasons by letters and messages to some in London and the West Country, where it was likewise de, was known to our fathers. At the meeting in London, March 10, 1628-9, the Court say:-- This damitted without license. That the Company in London had fixed firmly one point, the following extrould afford to build such a house but the rich London merchant? and would he delay doing a work whistic River, to Mr. Mathew Cradock, merchant in London. This distinguished friend of the pilgrims ne to that office. Whenever a Court was held in London (and they were held very often), the Governor Cradock belongs the honor of this movement in London; and that honor is not lessened by the fact thresent Governor, and to Mr. Mathew Cradock, of London, to enjoy to them and their heirs for ever. nt of Mathew Cradock. I, Mathew Cradock, of London, merchant, being in perfect memory and bodily unts of the widow of Stephen Benister, late of London, cloth-worker, deceased, that the same be answ[12 more...]
1635; Hingham, 1635; Newbury, 1635; Scituate, 1636; Springfield, 1636; Duxbury, 1637; Lynn, 1637; Barnstable, 1639; Taunton, 1639; Woburn, 1642; Malden, 1649. London, May 22, 1629: On this day the orders for establishing a government and officers in Massachusetts Bay passed, and said orders were sent to New England(. Althouns now; for they have never been incorporated since. It was called a plantation, as other places were, because this was a common name adopted by the Company in London, and very naturally transferred here. The name expressed the actual condition and incipient history of each town. It was sometimes, in the books, called Mistickrity consist? This question is easily answered. Its peculiarity consisted in having the major part of its territory owned by one gentleman, and he a resident in London. Mr. Cradock, the strongest and wealthiest friend of the Colony, had this grant of land in partial remuneration for his great outlays for the Company. He was so
one of Colonel Royal's daughters, was a refugee included in the Conspirator's Act. He died in London, Jan. 16, 1806, aged 70. General Sir William Pepperell, baronet, was born at Kittery Point, Mpression, as viewed by him, did not weaken his attachment to this town; for in his will, made in London in 1779, he bequeathed generously to the clergymen of Medford, to the church, and the schools. the second Sir William Pepperell, died on her passage to England, in 1775. Her husband died in London, in 1816, aged seventy. Although Colonel Royal's property in Medford was confiscated in 1778,he deed given by Henry Hutton and Elizabeth Royal Hutton, of England, to Mr. Robert Fletcher, of London, dated London, Feb. 25, 1806. It refers to the powers granted by the Legislature:-- And wherLondon, Feb. 25, 1806. It refers to the powers granted by the Legislature:-- And whereas, by an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts, passed on or about the 31st January, 1805, it was enacted or resolved that the Hon. James Sullivan, Attorney-General of said Commonwealth, and the H
came to me without my seeking it. The King of Prussia had sent Dr. Julius, of Hamburg, to this country, for the purpose of collecting information concerning our prisons, hospitals, schools, &c. I happened to meet the doctor in a literary party in London, and he asked me to become his room-mate on board ship. I did so, and for forty-one days was with him listening to his descriptions of German and Prussian systems of instruction. I was resolved to attempt the introduction of several parts of thents. He taught his pupils the force of this sentence: Sic volo; sic jubeo; stat pro ratione voluntas. He was neither severe nor unreasonable; for, under a soldier's sternness, there nestled something of a lover's good-will. Miss Ann Rose, of London, opened a day-school, for girls, in May, 1811; and, in November, 1812, she, and Miss Hannah Swan, of Medford, converted it into a boarding-school, and soon found their house filled with young ladies from the best families in the State. The good
ddardBoston253 134 ShipWm. GraySprague & James'sSprague & JamesR. D. ShepherdBoston299 135 ShipLondonSprague & James'sSprague & JamesAugustus NealSalem368 136 BrigSappho Repaired, at an expense ,449,270. Fisheries. To Medford belongs the honor of establishing the first fisheries in London's plantation of Massachusetts Bay. Careful and costly preparations for this business were made those vessels which had caught a cargo of fish on the Bank were expected to take them thence to London. Sept. 3, 1635, the General Court chose a committee of six for setting forward and managing a fg early record: Thirty-five ships sailed this year (1622) from the west of England, and two from London, to fish on the New England coasts; and made profitable voyages. Through the instrumentality ofhe country, and frequently sent to foreign lands. The writer of this was walking in a street of London in 1834, and saw, at a shop-window, the following sign: Medford crackers. This bread deserved a
ne effect of introducing a New-England coinage was to change the custom of computing in Old-England currency; for, in the London market, the American coin sank at a rate of one-quarter below theirs. The device on the die was as follows: A double rill under its ancestral encouragements. It gave place only to the thirteen stripes. When Thomas Temple, Esq., went to London, in May, 1662, and was introduced to the king, he presented his majesty with specimens of our coins. Seeing a tree on onfor service-money, to prevent the effort in England to withdraw the charter of Massachusetts, and to liquidate charges in London. The rates and prices were distinguished as follow:-- It is ordered, that, in payment, silver plate shall pass at fhistory. The grants of land made, in 1634, by the General Court, to Rev. Mr. Wilson, of Boston, Mathew Cradock, Esq., of London, and Mr. J. Nowell, were exempted from taxation; and, as some of them laid within the limits of Medford, it made this tow
ed years hence? In 1754, there were in Medford twenty-seven male and seven female slaves, and fifteen free blacks; total, forty-nine. In 1764, there were forty-nine free blacks. When the law freed all the slaves, many in Medford chose to remain with their masters; and they were faithful unto death. List of slaves, and their owners' names. Worcester,owned byRev. E. Turell. PompeyDr. Simon Tufts. RoseCaptain Thomas Brooks. PompCaptain Thomas Brooks. PeterCaptain Francis Whitmore. LondonSimon Bradshaw. SelbyDeacon Benjamin Willis. PrinceBenjamin Hall. PunchWidow Brooks. FloraStephen Hall. RichardHugh Floyd. DinahCaptain Kent. CaesarMr. Brown. ScipioMr. Pool. PeterSquire Hall. NiceSquire Hall. CuffeeStephen Greenleaf. IsaacJoseph Tufts. AaronHenry Gardner. Chloe-------- Negro girlMr. Boylston. Negro womanDr. Brooks. Joseph, Plato, PhebeIsaac Royal. Peter, Abraham, CooperIsaac Royal. Stephy, George, HagarIsaac Royal. Mira, Nancy, BetseyIsaac Royal. We
leton — Richard Cradock, merchant of the Staple, who d. in London, 1500. He m. Alice, dau. of John Dorrington, and had, int Nov. 1, 1623; and, 2d, Rebecca, dau. of Thomas Jordan, of London, and had-- Mathew, bap. June 3, 1632. Thomas, bap. Feb families. I have a copy of the third edition, printed in London, 1673. It is a very curious and learned collection of texresfield, in the county of Sussex, some seventy miles from London. It is believed that the only persons now living of that rant, whose kinsman he was. He was Rector of St. Martin's, London; Prebend of Norwich, 1681; Dean of Peterborough, 1689; and34, aged 19, for New England, on board the Christian, from London, and settled in Salem, where land was granted him in 1643.ry.  9Robert, of Conn.  10Elizabeth, m. John Harwood, of London.  11----, m. Robert Rolph, of Twitts, Eng.  12----, m. Ris believed to have been son of Henry Parke, a merchant of London. By his first wife, who d. Mar. 31, 1665, he had--  1-2E