Browsing named entities in Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Norfolk (Virginia, United States) or search for Norfolk (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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the Valley and in Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Richmond and Petersburg, found good markets, notably in Baltimore and Richmond, for the West Indies and South America, or the grocery trade of the United States, which then had its best entrepots at Norfolk and Baltimore. The people in the valleys of the Appalachian country and on the sloping uplands of Trans-Appalachia, were mainly engaged in the rearing of cattle, hogs, horses and other animals, which were driven eastward, either as young catte so-called professional classes, there were 3,441 lawyers, 2,467 physicians and 1,437 clergymen. Her population was mainly rural in habitation; she had no cities of large size. Richmond contained but 37,910 inhabitants; Petersburg, 8,266, and Norfolk and Portsmouth but 24,116; Wheeling, the metropolis of northwestern Virginia, contained but 14,083. The manufacturers of all kinds were comparatively few in number; they were mostly the blacksmiths, bricklayers, carpenters, shoemakers and wheel
inia troops occupied the town shortly after its evacuation, and proceeded to extinguish the fires. On the nomination of the governor, Gen. William B. Taliaferro was, on the 18th, assigned to the command of Virginia troops ordered to assemble at Norfolk for the purpose of capturing the Gosport navy yard. The same day, at the instance of General Scott, President Lincoln offered to Col. R. E. Lee the command of the United States army intended for the invasion of Virginia. On the 20th Colonel Leefense. General Lee accepted this appointment, and on the 23d was assigned to the command of the military and naval forces. On April 20th a Federal expedition from Fort Monroe attempted to destroy the dry dock at the Gosport navy yard,. near Norfolk, but only with partial success, as the Virginia troops arrived and took possession. The same day Governor Letcher made public the following call for volunteers: Executive Department, Richmond, April 20, 1861. In obedience to a reso
henandoah valley and the adjacent Potomac valleys to the west; (4) from Ohio into western Virginia, by the line of the Great Kanawha valley toward Staunton, in the center of the State, and simultaneously from Wheeling and Parkersburg along the Baltimore & Ohio eastward to Grafton, and thence southeastward, also to Staunton. To meet these threatened movements, Gen. R. E. Lee, when Governor Letcher's call for troops was issued, began to organize opposing columns of defense in the vicinity of Norfolk, in front of Alexandria and Washington, at Harper's Ferry in the Shenandoah valley, at Grafton on the Baltimore & Ohio, and below Charleston in the Kanawha valley, with intermediate forces in observation between these points, thus establishing a cordon around the great length of the exposed boundaries of the State. The concentration of Federal troops at points convenient for invasion of western Virginia, all under the command of Maj.-Gen. George B. McClellan, with headquarters at Cincinn
ch there until Thursday the 25th, when Governor Letcher at once gave him the appointment of major-general of Virginia volunteers, and Maj.-Gen. R. E. Lee, who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Virginia forces on the 22d, assigned to him the duty of organizing and instructing the volunteers who were then arriving in Richmond. General Lee had already selected the points to be occupied for the defense of the State and the number of troops to be assigned to each. These points were: Norfolk, in front of Yorktown; the front of Fredericksburg; Manassas Junction, Harper's Ferry and Grafton. Johnston was assisted in the duties assigned him at Richmond by Lieutenant-Colonel Pemberton, Majors Jackson and Gilham, and Capt. T. L. Preston, who had all recently reported for duty. Johnston was employed in this way some two weeks, when, Virginia having joined the Southern Confederacy, President Davis offered him, by telegraph, a brigadier-generalship in the Confederate army, which he pr
l and navy yard at Gosport in the vicinity of Norfolk. On the night of April 16th, some men in Nornt of a temporary schoolship for their use at Norfolk, for drill, etc., until their services were wassett French, aide to Governor Letcher, from Norfolk, May 2d, notified General Lee of this blockad to remove the ordnance from the navy yard at Norfolk to the interior. The council advised the accrd, not necessary for its defense and that of Norfolk and Portsmouth, to safe points in the interio at Sewell's point, with three companies from Norfolk. In the absence of a Confederate flag that o, with a perfect blockade of Elizabeth river, Norfolk will be so perfectly hemmed in that starvatio said he had recommended forwarding troops to Norfolk and the transfer of the North Carolina camp oemond, to prevent access to the railroad from Norfolk, three batteries, mounting 19 guns, had been 15 heavy guns. General Huger reported, from Norfolk, on the 17th, that the Federals were placing [27 more...]
gan preparations to meet the various oncoming Federal armies that were responding to the on to Richmond demand of the North. To meet the several Federal columns converging from the great outer circle, along which they had been gathering during the preceding eight months, the prospect for Lee, although he held the inner circle and the shorter lines of defense, was by no means reassuring, even to such a stout-hearted and self-reliant commander as himself. Huger, on his extreme right, held Norfolk with some 7,000 men, guarded in front by the ram Virginia, already famous for her 8th of March exploits and great naval victory in Hampton Roads; across Hampton Roads, Magruder was holding the peninsula, before Fortress Monroe and Hampton, with 11,000 men; Holmes held the Rappahannock, at Fredericksburg, with a brigade of 2,000; Johnston held the line of the upper Rappahannock with about 47,000 men that had fallen back from Manassas; Stonewall Jackson safeguarded the lower Shenandoah valle
orks by noon. The evacuation of Yorktown not only opened the York to the Federal navy for cooperat-ing with McClellan, but it also necessitated the evacuation of Norfolk, which Johnston ordered General Huger to make, on the 9th of May. Knowing the advantages that the opening of the rivers to his naval power had given his foe, as and difficult to be turned by water. Longstreet held the right, located near the Long bridges, and Magruder the left, near Dispatch Station. Huger evacuated Norfolk May 9th, after destroying the navy yard, and fell back toward Petersburg. The now famous ram Virginia was blown up by her gallant crew on the 11th and her men huher aggressive movement; D. H. Hill's division, on the Williamsburg road, was to advance, supported by Longstreet's. Huger's division, which had just arrived from Norfolk, was to move on Hill's right, extending the line south to the White Oak swamp; G. W. Smith's division, under Whiting, was to move by the New Bridge road and take
ne, for the defense of Richmond and Petersburg, some 54,000 men, the remaining veterans of the army of Northern Virginia, and of the department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, Beauregard's army. Grant's supplies easily reached him by water, up the broad navigable James to City Point. Lee drew his, mainly from the South, by three railroads that met at Petersburg and were thence continued by single line to Richmond. The first Federal assault cut the roads leading to City Point and Norfolk. Grant's first movement was to cut the road leading south to Weldon, that he might extend the strong arm of his fortifications westward, across that road, and hold it from Lee's use. On the 21st of June, he sent his Second and Sixth corps southward, across the Jerusalem plank road, which ran from Petersburg south, between the Norfolk and the Weldon railroads, and directed these to take position on the left of his Fifth corps, thus, by a great wheel of his left, hoping to flank Lee's righ
e Sixteenth Virginia regiment of infantry, at Norfolk, and was later assigned to command of a briga was educated in the schools of Richmond and Norfolk, and was appointed cadetat-large, July 1, 185he Sixth Virginia regiment. Serving first at Norfolk, he was promoted brigadier-general November 1 the war of the Confederacy he was on duty at Norfolk as ordnance officer, to which he had been recission as commander. Until the evacuation of Norfolk he served as ordnance officer at the navy yarith the machinery and mechanics removed from Norfolk at its evacuation, Commander Page, having beeber, 1865. Since that date he has resided at Norfolk, where he now enjoys the esteem and honor duecy as superintendent of the public schools of Norfolk. In 1841 he married Miss Alexina Taylor, of Norfolk, Va. Brigadier-General Elisha Franklin Paxton Brigadier-General Elisha Franklin Paxtonneral of Virginia militia, he took command at Norfolk on April 18, 186, and later with the rank of [10 more...]