at the base of barren mountains, flowing southerly and emptying into the marsh called Here there is something lost, as also in chapter III, sections 5 and 6 . . . It surrounds Meroë, which is a kingdom in southern Ethiopia, and from the marsh grounds there, winding round by the rivers Astansoba and Astoboa and a great many others, it passes through the mountains to the Cataract, and from there it dashes down, and passes to the north between Elephantis and Syene and the plains of Thebes into Egypt, where it is called the Nile.
7. That the source of the Nile is in Mauretania is known principally from the fact that there are other springs on the other side of the Atlas range flowing into the ocean to the west, and that ichneumons, crocodiles, and other animals and fishes of like nature are found there, although there are no hippopotamuses.
8. Therefore, since in descriptions of the world it appears that all rivers of any size flow from the north, and since in the plains of Africa, w