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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charles ii. 1630- (search)
n of the Carolinas in America. They were men, most of them past middle life in years, and possessed of the easy virtues which distinguished the reign of that profligate monarch. They begged the domain under pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation of the Gospel among the heathen, while their real object was to rob the heathen of these valuable lands, and to accumulate riches and honors for themselves. It is said that when these petitioners appeared before Charles in the gardens at Hampton Court, and presented their memorial so full of pious pretensions, the monarch, after looking each man in the face for a moment, with a merry twinkle in his eves, burst into loud laughter, in which his audience joined involuntarily. Then taking up a little shaggy spaniel, with large meek eyes, and holding it at arm's-length before them, he said, Good friends, here is a model of piety and sincerity which it might be wholesome for you to copy. Then, tossing the little pet to Clarendon, he said
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cromwell, Oliver 1599- (search)
England. He had effected the prostration of the monarchy, not from ambitious, but from patriotic motives; but in his efforts Oliver Cromwell. for power after the execution he was a bold operator. When the Scotch partisans of the son of the King (afterwards Charles II.) invaded England and penetrated to Worcester, Cromwell, with 30,000 English troops, gained a decisive victory over them. Grateful to the victor, the government gave him an estate worth $20,000 a year and assigned him Hampton Court as his abode. He now sought supreme rule. On April 20, 1653, he boldly drove the remnant of the Long Parliament, which ruled England, out of the House of Commons by military force. The same day the council of state was broken up, and for weeks anarchy prevailed in England. Cromwell issued a summons for 156 persons named to meet at Westminster as a Parliament. They met (all but two) in July. This was the famous Barebones's Parliament, so called after one of its Puritan members na
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), James I., 1566- (search)
ee that I doubt if there be anything more shameful in the annals of human nature! James was the sixth King of Scotland of that name, and came to the throne of England, after experiencing many vicissitudes, March 24, 1603. He was regarded as a Presbyterian king, and the Puritans expected not only the blessings of toleration and protection for themselves, but even hope for supremacy among the religionists of the realm. Soon after his accession, James called a conference of divines at Hampton Court. He was chief actor at that conference, in the role of brute and mountebank. Some of the Puritan divines ranked among the brightest scholars in the land. They were greatly annoyed by the coarse browbeating of the bishop of London and the coarser jests of the King. The venerable Archbishop Whitgift was present, and bent the supple knee of the courtier in the presence of royalty. When the vulgar King said to the Puritan ministers, You want to strip Christ again; away with your snivell
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, State of (search)
solute husband of the Queen of Bohemia; Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury; Sir John Colleton, a corrupt loyalist, who had played false to Cromwell; Lord John Berkeley and his brother, then governor of Virginia (see Berkeley, Sir William), and Sir George Carteret (q. v.), a proprietor of Seal of the State of North Carolina. New Jersey—a man passionate, ignorant, and not too honest. When the petitioners presented their memorial to King Charles, in the garden at Hampton Court, the merrie monarch, after looking each A North Carolina mansion of the old style. in the face a moment, burst into loud laughter, in which his audience joined heartily. Then, taking up a little shaggy spaniel with large, meek eyes, and holding it at arm's-length before them, he said, Good friends, here is a model of piety and sincerity which it might be wholesome for you to copy. Then, tossing it to Clarendon, he said, There, Hyde, is a worthy prelate; make him archbishop of the do
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whalley, Edward 1620-1678 (search)
Whalley, Edward 1620-1678 Regicide; born in England, presumably about 1620; joined the Parliamentary party in the revolution of 1642; led a command which defeated the cavalry of Sir Marmaduke Langdale at Naseby in 1645, for which he was appointed colonel. Later he had charge of King Charles at Hampton Court, and was one of the members of the high court of justice which pronounced the death penalty against him, and also one of the signers of his death warrant. He fled to America with William Goffe, his son-inlaw, after the restoration. He died in Hadley, Mass., about 1678.
re mostly warm negatives, enlivened with brilliant hues interspersed. Carpets were introduced into England at the time of the Crusades. In the times of Edward VI. and Elizabeth of England the floors of palaces were strewn daily with rushes. This frequent change of rushes was considered to betoken an effeminacy which augured but poorly for the stability of the dynasty and the ruling families. The walls were hung with tapestry and cloths long before the floors were carpeted. In Hampton Court Palace, built by Cardinal Wolsey, the beautiful floors are yet bare and the walls covered with tapestry. In the Middle Ages carpets were used before the high altar and in certain parts of the chapter. Bedside carpets are noticed in 1301, and carpets for the royal thrones in the fifteenth century. Turkey carpets before the communion-table were used in the reigns of Edward VI., Elizabeth, and the Stuarts. The manufacture of carpets was introduced into France from Persia, in t
to form meshes; musket bullets put up in this way were formerly employed for blunderbusses, wall-pieces, and small artillery. Grape-trel′lis. A structure on which grapevines are trained. See trellis.. Previous to 1547 (time of Edward VI.) grapes were brought from Flanders to England. The vine was introduced into England in 1552. The statements of the growth of the vine in Britain (time of Julius Caesar) seem to lack confirmation. One of the largest vines in Europe is that of Hampton Court Palace, near London, the famous palace built by Cardinal Wolsey and given to Henry VIII. It is stated to have been planted in 1769, and to have produced 2,272 bunches of grapes in a season, weighing over 2,000 pounds; its stem being thirteen inches in girth. Graph. Names ending in graphs are as follows. The list is given for the convenience of those in search of a word:— Actinograph.Ichnograph. Anaglyptograph.Kinograph. Anemograph.Lithograph. Arcograph.Magnetograph. Anto-c
ed by hammer-beams c c resting on the walls and on curved struts d d attached to posts supported by corbel ing Auxiliary struts are introduced between the collarbeam and queenposts, the whole being so disposed as to produce the effect of a vaulted ceiling. In the roof of the hall at Eltham Palace, Kent (17), the whole weight is thrown on the top of the wall; the bottom pieces b are merely ornamental, the tension-pieces a forming a complete tie. Roofs. The roof of the great hall at Hampton Court (18) is so arranged that the beams a b c serve as ties; the curved struts d distribute the pressure over the wall and its sustaining buttress. In (19) the roof of Westminster Hall, the weight rests entirely on the upper part of the wall; the arched rib a distributes the thrust and assists in preventing the hammer-beams b from sliding on the walls. Westminster Hall was erected under the orders of William Rufus at the latter end of the eleventh century. It is 274 × 74 feet, without
under the supervision of his queen, Matilda. Tapestry was first made by the loom in Flanders. The manufactory at Fontainebleau was established by Francis I. in the sixteenth century; that at Gobelin's was enlarged under Louis XIV. The French ascribe the invention to the Saracens, and formerly called the workmen who were employed in its manufacture sarazins. The manufacture was introduced into England by Sheldon, in the reign of Henry VIII. It was encouraged by his successors. Hampton Court Palace yet displays their tapestry on its walls. These hangings were a very ornamental accession to the bare walls of the buildings of some centuries since. Arras, Brussels, Antwerp, and Valenciennes excelled in the manufacture, but the best known at the present day is the factory at the Gobelin's, near Paris. It is named after Giles Gobelin, a French dyer, of the reign of Francis I, and was established by Henry IV. about 1606, and much enlarged by the renowned Colbert in 1666. It
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 4, Chapter 10: death of Mrs. Garrison.—final visit to England.—1876, 1877. (search)
rst to welcome their old friend, and social gatherings were given by the first two in his honor. He June 21, 25, 1877. spent an evening also at Jacob Bright's, and an hour or June 24. two in the lobby of the House of Commons, one afternoon, June 19. exchanging greetings with his friends in the House,— John and Jacob Bright, Sir Wilfred Lawson, Joseph Cowen, Samuel Morley, Henry Richards, Duncan McLaren, Benjamin Whitworth, and Sir Thomas Bazley. One day was given to Kew, Twickenham, Hampton Court, and June 18. Richmond, and another to the Handel Triennial Festival June 22. at the Crystal Palace. Mr. Garrison attended and spoke briefly at the annual meeting of the National Woman June 21. Suffrage Association; and at a meeting in behalf of the London School of Medicine for Women he listened to June 25. speeches by the Earl of Shaftesbury, Mr. Stansfeld, Mrs. James Stansfeld, Henry Fawcett. Westlake, Prof. Fawcett, Miss Jex Blake, and Dr. Garrett-Anderson. He also heard a lib
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