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of Corinth, General Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio had been started some time before on its march eastward toward Chattanooga; and as this movement would be followed of course by a maneuvre on the part of the enemy, now (at Tupelo under Generalr July 28, in a despatch which stated: I deem it necessary to send them at once; the enemy is moving in large force on Chattanooga. Other than this the results of the expedition were few; and the enemy, having fled from Ripley with but slight resisare and surrounded with every comfort due the faithful service he had rendered. In moving from Corinth east toward Chattanooga, General Buell's army was much delayed by the requirement that he should repair the Memphis and Charleston railroad ass being Louisville and Cincinnati — was now well defined, and had already rendered abortive General Buell's designs on Chattanooga and East Tennessee. Therefore extraordinary efforts on the part of the Government became necessary, and the concentra
ably so at Glasgow, Kentucky, if there had been a desire to join issue. It was asserted, and by many conceded, that General Buell had a sufficient force to risk a fight. He was much blamed for the loss of Mumfordsville also. The capture of this point, with its garrison, gave Bragg an advantage in the race toward the Ohio River, which odds would most likely have ensured the fall of Louisville had they been used with the same energy and skill that the Confederate commander displayed from Chattanooga to Glasgow; but something always diverted General Bragg at the supreme moment, and he failed to utilize the chances falling to him at this time, for, deflecting his march to the north toward Bardstown, he left open to Buell the direct road to Louisville by way of Elizabethtown. At Bardstown Bragg's army was halted while he endeavored to establish a Confederate government in Kentucky by arranging for the installation of a provisional governor at Lexington. Bragg had been assured that
, Nashville would probably have fallen; at all events, Kentucky would have been opened again to his incursions, and the theatre of war very likely transferred once more to the Ohio River. As the case now stood, however, Nashville was firmly established as a base for future operations, Kentucky was safe from the possibility of being again overrun, and Bragg, thrown on the defensive, was compelled to give his thoughts to the protection of the interior of the Confederacy and the security of Chattanooga, rather than indulge in schemes of conquest north of the Cumberland River. While he still held on in Middle Tennessee his grasp was so much loosened that only slight effort would be necessary to push him back into Georgia, and thus give to the mountain region of East Tennessee an opportunity to prove its loyalty to the Union. The victory quieted the fears of the West and Northwest, destroyed the hopes of the secession element in Kentucky, renewed the drooping spirits of the East Tenn
n, I thought it would be practicable, by sending out a small secret expedition of but three or four men, to break the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad between Chattanooga and the enemy's position at Tullahoma by burning the bridges in Crow Creek valley from its head to Stevenson, Alabama, and then the great bridge across the Tennve Anderson's Station, they were captured by some guerrillas prowling about that vicinity, and being suspected of disloyalty to the Confederacy, were carried to Chattanooga and imprisoned as Yankee spies. Their prospects now were decidedly discouraging, for death stared them in the face. Fortunately, however, some delays occurreday of one of the prison windows, from which they managed to displace a bar, and by a skiff, in the darkness of night, crossed the Tennessee River a little below Chattanooga. From this point the party made their way back to my camp, traveling only at night, hiding in the woods by day, and for food depending on loyal citizens that C
eanwhile concentrated most of his forces at Chattanooga for the twofold purpose of holding this gat in full retreat south, as he had abandoned Chattanooga on the 8th. This assumption soon proved er time it was clear that Bragg had abandoned Chattanooga with the sole design of striking us in detaose main line was formed to the east of the Chattanooga and Lafayette road, its right trending towa my going to him at once, and he rode on to Chattanooga. It is to be regretted that he did not waied out of the battle when they went back to Chattanooga, and their absence was discouraging to all he Twentieth Corps, got within our lines at Chattanooga about 8 o'clock the morning of the 22d. Ou After the Union army passed the river and Chattanooga fell into our hands, we still kept pressingley; but we did not begin closing in toward Chattanooga till the 13th, and even then the Twentieth ginning with McCook's, been drawn in toward Chattanooga between the 8th and 12th of September, the [5 more...]
osecrans punishment of deserters Grant at Chattanooga the fight on Lookout Mountain a brave coln within the heavy line of intrenchments at Chattanooga, the greater part of which defenses had beethan to let the horses die of starvation in Chattanooga. Later, after the battle of Missionary Rid behind our works, with my right resting on Fort Negley and my left extending well over toward FortFort Wood, my front being parallel to Missionary Ridge. My division was now composed of twenty-five reived in the interval, since we came back to Chattanooga, considerable reinforcement by the arrival to hold them in readiness to advance toward Chattanooga. On the 19th of October, after turning in Ransom of my staff to Granger, who was at Fort Wood, to ascertain if we were to carry the first acrity, and without guard or escort, toward Chattanooga. After a short pause to get breath the command, General Thomas having gone back to Chattanooga. Map: positions of General Sheridan's d[4 more...]
e I was ordered in the evening to return to Chattanooga, and from the limited supply of stores to be was but little clothing to be obtained in Chattanooga, and my command received only a few overcoabring up clothing when any should arrive in Chattanooga. Under these circumstances, on the 29th extent that we had supposed before leaving Chattanooga. It had eaten out the country in the immedwhich they had been provided before leaving Chattanooga; there was not a tent in the command. Hencoxville and General Sherman had returned to Chattanooga, the operations in East Tennessee constitut of the 23d of March from General Thomas at Chattanooga the following telegram: March 23, 1864. Male preparation was necessary, I started for Chattanooga the next day, without taking any formal leath Infantry, then in the regular brigade at Chattanooga — a dear friend of mine, who had served in rses as soon as they should be sent down to Chattanooga from Loudon, after which he was to join me.[9 more...]
ird division. Brigadier-General James H. Wilson. Wilson graduated in 1860 in the Topographical Engineers, and was first assigned to duty in Oregon, where he remained till July, 1861. In the fall of that year his active service in the war began, and he rose from one position to another, in the East and West, till, while on General Grant's staff, he was made a brigadier-general in the fall of 1863 in reward for services performed during the Vicksburg campaign and for engineer duty at Chattanooga preceding the battle of Missionary Ridge. At my request he was selected to command the Third Division. General Grant thought highly of him, and, expecting much from his active mental and physical ability, readily assented to assign him in place of General Kilpatrick. The only other general officers in the corps were Brigadier-General Wesley Merritt, Brigadier-General George A. Custer, and Brigadier-General Henry E. Davies, each commanding a brigade. In a few days after my arrival at
macadamized highways; thus the conditions are altogether different from those existing with us. I think that under the same circumstances our troops would have done as well as the Germans, marched as admirably, made combinations as quickly and accurately, and fought with as much success. I can but leave to conjecture how the Germans would have got along on bottomless roadsoften none at all-through the swamps and quicksands of northern Virginia, from the Wilderness to Petersburg, and from Chattanooga to Atlanta and the sea. Following the operations of the German armies from the battle of Gravelotte to the siege of Paris, I may, in conclusion, say that I saw no new military principles developed, whether of strategy or grand tactics, the movements of the different armies and corps being dictated and governed by the same general laws that have so long obtained, simplicity of combination and maneuver, and the concentration of a numerically superior force at the vital point. After