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enographer of this Committee, and proceeded to Cairo and Mound City, Illinois; Columbus, Kentucky; General Mason Brayman, Military Commandant at Cairo; Captain J. H. Odlin, his Chief of Staff; Captrt. B. F. Wade, Chairman. testimony. Cairo, Illinois, April 22, 1864. Brigadier-General Mas as follows: Paducah, officers and men,408 Cairo, and men,231 Columbus, and men,998 Hickman, tions were in an unfinished condition; that at Cairo rendered almost useless by long neglect. Manyno longer ours. Mound City, eight miles above Cairo, is the great naval depot for the Western fleecorps, not referring to gunboats lying there. Cairo, at the confluence of the great rivers, is thee must observe that the loss of Mound City and Cairo would paralyze the Western army and navy. Thenear Mayfield, about equidistant from Paducah, Cairo, and Columbus, only a few hours from either. Pennock is commandant of the naval station at Cairo and Mound City, and I understand represents Ad[1 more...]
to about five thousand. In person I moved from Corinth to Burnsville on the eighteenth, and to Iuka on the nineteenth of October. Osterihau's division was in the advance, constantly skirmishing with the enemy. It was supported by Morgan L. Smith, both divisions under the general command of Major-General Blair. John E. Smith's division covered the working party engaged in rebuilding the railroad. Foreseeing difficulty in crossing the Tennessee, I had written to Admiral Porter at Cairo, asking him to watch the Tennessee and send up some gunboats the moment the stage of water admitted, and had also requested General Allen, at St. Louis, to despatch up to Eastport a steam-tug ferry-boat. The Admiral, ever prompt and ready to assist us, had two gunboats up at Eastport under Captain Phelps, the very day after my arrival at Iuka, and Captain Phelps had a coal-barge decked over with which to cross horses and wagons before the arrival of the ferry-boat. Sitll following lite
h therein. 3d. That every boat shall keep at least one barrel of water on each fore and each after-guard, and four barrels on the hurricane-deck; also three dozen buckets; and shall keep its hose constantly attached to its pump and ready for instant service. 4th. No candles or open lights shall be allowed in the hold or state-rooms of any boats. 5th. That from and after the issuing of this order, no skiffs or small row-boats shall be permitted to ply in the harbors of Louisville, Cairo, or Memphis; but every boat, except those belonging to steamboats, shall be taken to such place as the post commander shall direct, and there be kept, except in cases where special permission to the contrary shall be given by the provost-marshal; and that the small boats of all steamers shall be kept on deck, or properly drawn out of water. 6th. That the officers of steamboats shall, according to their proper authority, be held strictly accountable for the enforcement of this order on th
Doc. 109.-the fight at Yazoo City. Cairo, March 16, 1864. From an officer just arrived from Vicksburgh, who was in the recent fight at Yazoo City, we learn particulars concerning it. The fight was one of the best contested and most desperate of the war. The Union force consisted of the Eleventh Illinois, Colonel Schofield, Colonel Coates's Eighth Louisiana, (colored,) and two hundred of the First Mississippi cavalry, Colonel Ed. Osband, (colored.) The enemy had eight regiments, under command of Ross and Richardson. The fight commenced at eight A. M., and lasted nearly till dark, when the enemy retired. Three hundred of the Eleventh Illinois were surrounded in a small fort of the bluff outside the town. A storm of shot and shell was poured upon them all day, when a summons was sent to them to surrender. They replied that they didn't know what surrender meant. The remainder of the Union force was in town, where they were met by the enemy, who had gained cover of some
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 8. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 121.-skirmish near Mayfield, Kentucky. (search)
Doc. 121.-skirmish near Mayfield, Kentucky. Cairo, Illinois, January 20, 184. A detachment of the Fifty-eighth Illinois regiment, under the guidance of a citizen named Hood, met with the rebel guerrillas on Wednesday last, in the vicinity n the rebels. While upon this march, Lieutenant Murphy was the recipient of orders to report with companies A and B at Cairo, as quickly as possible. Upon his arrival at Murray, a consultation was held, and it was hurriedly debated whether it wad desperate effort, and in the event of its failure, to march to Mayfield, en route for Paducah, and go thence by boat to Cairo. Orders were then issued and sent by messengers to all the residents of the place, that the detachment had marched twentlsatisfied detachment and its commanding officer marched back to Mayfield, were soon in Paducah, and to-day are safely in Cairo. The Mayfield loyalists are loud in their praise of the Fifty-eighth. They say they have done more to clear out guerril
Doc. 122.-Sherman's Mississippi expedition. Despatch from General Sherman. Vicksburgh, February 27, via Cairo, March 10, 1864. Lieutenant-General Grant, care of Major-General Halleck: General: I got in this morning from Canton, where I left my army in splendid heart and condition. We reached Jackson February sixth, crossed the Pearl, and passed through Brandon to Morton, where the enemy made dispositions for battle, but fled in the night. We posted on over all obstacles, and realendid condition. I will leave it there five days, in hopes the cavalry from Memphis will turn up there. I will have them come in. W. T. Sherman, Major-General. Despatch from General Butterfield. Major-General Butterfield, under date of Cairo, March eleventh, addressed the following to Lieutenant-General Grant or General Halleck: General Sherman arrived yesterday at Memphis. His command is all safe. Our total loss in killed, wounded, and missing is one hundred and seventy only.
t out with brave hopes, were now worn down, one third dismounted, many without arms, most with scanty clothing, and, saddest of all, the daring spirit, the morale of the command, was impaired, and gloom and despondency in its place, which was not relieved when it became known that at West-Point the enemy had but three thousand men, and that his whole force, which was commanded by Major-General Forrest, did not exceed six thousand, many of whom were State militiamen. Another account. Cairo, Feb. 29, 1864. Some particulars of the late expedition of General William S. Smith, lately returned to Memphis, have already been published. General Smith, in person, arrived here last evening. His official report to the military authorities will set forth the following facts: The expedition moved from Memphis on Thursday, the eleventh instant, some seven thousand strong, Brigadier-General William S. Smith in command, the purpose being to clear the country of straggling rebel forces
Doc. 121.-expedition up Yazoo River. Report of rear-admiral D. D. Porter. flag-ship Black Hawk, Mississippi Squadron, Cairo, February 17, 1864. sir: Inclosed I send you a report of Lieutenant Commander Owen, in relation to an expedition I sent up Yazoo River to cooperate with General Sherman, (who is marching on Meridian,) and to confuse the enemy with regard to movements on foot. It appears the troops did not consider themselves strong enough to land, and force the position. The vessels will work their way along cautiously until the water is high enough to send an iron-clad or two. This move has had the effect of driving the guerrillas away from the Mississippi, as they are fearful it is intended to cut them off. I don't expect much from the expedition beyond diverting their attention. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, David D. Porter, Rear-Admiral. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. Report of Lieutenant E. K. Ow
dred killed, and the usual proportion of wounded. Cairo advices from points passed on their retreat indicate well as in ruins. Chicago times account. Cairo, March 27, 1865. Last Friday night, information rre quickly used up. The Iatan was ordered to load at Cairo with provisions, and go to the relief of the garrisooats on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, between Cairo and Paducah, and the crossing of skiffs from one sidicks had just sent over a supply which had come from Cairo, with instructions to give to the poor, but sell to aboard the despatch-boat Volunteer, and returned to Cairo this morning. Another account. Brooklyn, Mawe remained at our anchorage, instead of going on to Cairo, as we intended. Captain Shirk went down to Cairo oCairo on a steamboat, thinking that thing was one of the usual false alarms. But at about three o'clock in the afternvance. In the mean time assistance had arrived from Cairo, seventy miles below, and our men felt encouraged bu
nutes, working the guns with alacrity — firing twenty-eight rounds with a good degree of precision. Some of the shots from our gun were seen to strike in their midst. The United States steamer Tyler being about two miles in advance of us, I blew the whistle to notify her that I was engaging a battery. Before she arrived they left the ground. After consultation with the commander of the Tyler, it was deemed best, the battery having, left, to proceed on our way. Some distance above we met the transport steamer Nicholas Longworth, when we were ordered by Lieutenant Commander James M. Prichett, of the Tyler, in company with the United States steamer Romeo, to return and convoy her below where the battery was, which we did, without meeting any further difficulty. This caused a delay in our arrival at Cairo of at least twelve hours. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, H. B. O'Neill, Acting Ensign, Commanding. Rear-Admiral D. D. Porter, Commanding Mississippi Squadron
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