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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Investment of Fort Donelson-the naval operations-attack of the enemy-assaulting the works-surrender of the Fort (search)
posed of six full regiments commanded by Colonel [John M.] Thayer, of Nebraska. As the gunboats were going around to Donelsn by the Tennessee, Ohio and Cumberland rivers, I directed Thayer to turn about and go under their convoy. I started frong the 12th and 13th, and until the arrival of Wallace and Thayer on the 14th, the National forces, composed of but 15,000 murg and the wooden gunboats Tyler and Conestoga, convoying Thayer's brigade. On the morning of the 14th Thayer was landed. Thayer was landed. Wallace, whom I had ordered over from Fort Henry, also arrived about the same time. Up to this time he had been commandingo the command of a division composed of the brigade of Colonel Thayer and other reinforcements that arrived the same day. Thd had taken part in it. He had, at an opportune time, sent Thayer's brigade to the support of McClernand and thereby contribfire of the enemy. It must have been about this time that Thayer pushed his brigade in between the enemy and those of our t
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), Report of Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, U. S. Army, commanding armies of the United States, of operations march, 1864-May, 1865. (search)
astrous termination of this expedition, and the lateness of the season, rendered impracticable the carrying out of my plans of a movement in force sufficient to insure the capture of Mobile. On the 23d of March Major-General Steele left Little Rock with the Seventh Army Corps to co-operate with General Banks' expedition on Red River, and reached Arkadelphia on the 28th. On the 16th of April, after driving the enemy before him, he was joined near Elkin's Ferry, in Ouachita County, by General Thayer, who had marched from Fort Smith. After several severe skirmishes, in which the enemy was defeated, General Steele reached Camden, which he occupied about the middle of April. On learning the defeat and consequent retreat of General Banks on Red River and the loss of one of his own trains at Marks' Mills, in Dallas County, General Steele determined to fall back to the Arkansas River. He left Camden on the 26th of April and reached Little Rock on the 2d of May. On the 30th of April th
all was usually quiet up to the morning of the third. The disposition of our forces at the time of the surrender was as follows: The three corps of the army of the Tennessee rested on the investing line, the right under Major-General W. T. Sherman, the centre under Major-General J. B. Me-Pherson, and the left under Major-General E. O. C. Ord. The position of the divisions was as follows: On the extreme right, the post of honor, the division of Major-General Frederick Steele; next him General Thayer's division, and on his left that of Major-General Frank P. Blair, Junior. On the right of centre was the division of Major-General John A. Logan; to his left again was that of General John E. Smith; further to the left were General A. J. Smith's and General Carr's divisions. On the left wing were General Hovey's division, General Lanman's, and lastly that of Major-General F. Herron. General Osterhaus, with a division of the reserve, was posted at Big Black Bridge. General Washburne,
is riddled with shot, and is now but a mere wreck. It never was a first-class building, and the loss cannot be very great. The Insane Asylum was within our lines from the first, and has been under the protection of a guard detailed by General Parks. The only injury it sustained was from a thirty-two pound solid shot from the enemy's guns, which passed through it. An insane woman was slightly wounded by a splinter, but otherwise no injury was inflicted upon the inmates. Colonel Wood, of Thayer's division, Steele's army corps, with a brigade of infantry, left for Canton last evening. They will destroy the railroad in that neighborhood, and also the large railroad machine-shops at that place. It has been determined upon to destroy all the railroads within our reach, inflicting damages of such a permanent character that they will never be rebuilt, except after a return of peace. Work will be commenced upon the roads here to-morrow, and the hurried injuries of the previous occupati
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 15: military Education—Military schools of France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, England, &c.—Washington's reasons for establishing the West point Academy.—Rules of appointment and Promotion in foreign Services.—Absurdity and injustice of our own system. (search)
nd that the possession of it in its most improved and perfect state is always of great moment to the security of a nation. The subject was however postponed from time to time, till March, 1802, when a bill was passed establishing the Military Academy. It was at first on a small scale, and its course of instruction meager and deficient. It gradually became enlarged, but lingered along, with no great improvement, till 1817, when Capt. Patridge was dismissed from the superintendency, and Col. Thayer put in charge. From this period we date the commencement of the success and reputation which the Military Academy has since enjoyed. This institution, as now organized, consists of one cadet from each congressional district, and a few at large, making an average of two hundred and thirty-seven. The course of instruction is four years, after which time the cadet is sent to his regiment or corps, with higher rank if there are vacancies, but if there are no vacancies, he goes as a cadet
ernoon. Gen. Grant--not expecting this striking proof of Rebel vitality — was some miles distant on a gunboat, conferring with Com. Foote, when McClernand's cry for assistance reached headquarters. Gen. Lew. Wallace, commanding our center, ordered Col. Cruft, with his first brigade, to the rescue. Cruft, misdirected by his guide, took a wrong road; but it led him nevertheless into the fight, and served to draw off some Rebel attention from MeClernand's overmatched column. Meantime, Col. Thayer, John M., 1st Nebraska. commanding his 3d brigade, was ordered by Wallace to the further support of McClernand; and his fresh troops, admirably handled, uniting with Cruft's, succeeded in stopping and turning back the Rebel advance. Gen. Grant reached the scene of conflict about 3 P. M., and, after a survey of the ground, ordered a general advance; Gen. Lew. Wallace leading the attack on the enemy's left, while Gen. C. F. Smith, on our left, should charge his right. This combined e
him; but it was noon before he was ready; and, by this time, Frank Blair's and Thayer's brigades of Steele's division were fully abreast of him and ready to go in; Sre. De Courcy's brigade of Morgan's division charged on Blair's right; while Thayer, with the 4th Iowa (his other regiments having been misdirected), also shared iacross, had ordered Col. Lindsey, with his own, Sheldon's, and two regiments of Thayer's brigade, to advance simultaneously with Blair and De Courcy, and ford the baybut 1-1 killed and 43 wounded. But Blair's brigade alone lost 636 men this day; Thayer's, 111 Morgan's division, 875 ; Stuart's brigade, 55: total including that of t1 P. M., the gunboats reopened; and, half an hour later, the brigades of Hovey, Thayer, Giles A. and T. R. Smith, had crossed at double-quick the narrow space of openn timber. Meantime, Gen. Hovey had been wounded by a fragment of shell, and Gen. Thayer had had his horse shot under him; but our gunboats and Gen. Morgan's batteri
prize of war. And, while our army was hard at work to get his gunboats over the falls on his return, Government wagons were engaged in bringing in cotton from the adjacent plantations, to load transports that might far better have been used to bring away the loyal people of Alexandria, who were left defenseless to the vengeance of the returning Rebels. Gen. Steele moved March 23-4. southward from Little Rock with 7,000 men, almost simultaneously with Banks's advance to Alexandria; Gen. Thayer, with the Army of the Frontier, possibly 5,000 strong, having left Fort Smith the day previous, expecting to join him at Arkadelphia; while Col. Clayton, with a small force, advanced from Pine Bluff on Steele's left. Heavy rains, bad roads, swollen streams, and the absence of bridges, impeded movements and deranged calculations on all hands; so that Steele, after waiting two days at Arkadelphia, pressed on April 1. without him. Since it crossed the Saline, the Rebel cavalry, under Mar
n. Rhode Island--Dixon, Jenckes. Connecticut--Brandagee, Deming, English, J. H. Hubbard. Vermont--Baxter, Morrill, Woodbridge. New York — A. W. Clark, Freeman Clark, Davis, Frank, Ganson, Griswold, Herrick, Hotchkiss, Hulburd, Kellogg, Little-john, Marvin, Miller, Morris, Nelson, Odell, Pomeroy, Radford, Steele, Van Valkenburg. New Jersey--Starr. Pennsylvania--Baily, Broomall, Coffroth, Hale, Kelley, McAllister, Moorhead, A. Myers, L. Myers, C. O'Neill, Schofield, Stevens, Thayer, Tracy, Williams. Delaware--Smithers. Maryland--Cresswell, Henry Winter Davis, F. Thomas, Webster. West Virginia--Blair, Brown, Whaley. Kentucky--Anderson, Randall, Smith, Yeaman. Ohio — Ashley, Eckley, Garfield, Hutchins, Schenck, Spaulding. Indiana--Colfax, Dumont, Julian, Orth. Illinois--Arnold, Farnsworth, Ingersoll, Norton, E. B. Washburne. Missouri--Blow, Boyd, King, Knox, Loan, McClurg, J. S. Rollins. Michigan--A. C. Baldwin, Beaman, Driggs, F. W. Kellogg, L
Powell, blown up by the Rebels, 653. Fort Pulaski, siege and capture of, 455 to 458. Fort Sanders attacked by Longstreet, 432. forts Jackson and St. Philip, maps of, 86; 88; bombardment and surrender of, 88 to 97. Fort Smith, Ark., Gen. Thayer leaves, 552. forts Morgan and Gaines, Mobile bay, Farragut assails, 651; Page and Anderson surrender, 653. Fort Steedman, Va., Rebel attack on, 728. Fort Sumter, iron-clads on service at, 466; Dupont's iron clads assail, 467; advance akes Fort Fisher, 713; helps capture Wilmington, 715. Tew, Col., 2d N. C., killed at Antietam, 210. Texas, surrender of regulars in, 17; 18; ordinance of Secession, 17; Gens. Banks and Dana in Western, 341; collapse of Rebellion in, 757. Thayer, Gen. John M., at Fort Hindman, 293. Thoburn, Col. Jo., killed at Cedar Creek, 615. Thomas, Col., Ga., killed at Fort Sanders, 432. Thomas. Gen. Geo. H., at Mill Spring, 42-3; at Cedar Mountain, 177; at Stone River, 273-5; at Chickamauga
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