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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing armies at the first Bull Run. (search)
eturn which can be pronounced absolutely correct. The abstract which appears on page 309, vol. II., Official Records, is not a return of McDowell's army at the battle of Bull Run, and was not prepared by me, but, as I understand, has been compiled since the war. It purports to give the strength of the Department of Northeastern Virginia, July 16th and 17th, not of McDowell's army, July 21st. It does not show the losses resulting from the discharge of the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry and Varian's New York battery, which marched to the rear on the morning of the 21st, nor the heavy losses incident to the march of the army from the Potomac; it embraces two regiments — the 21st and 25th New York Infantry--which were not with the army in the field; and it contains the strength of Company E, Second United States Cavalry, as a special item, whereas that company is embraced in the strength of the Second (Hunter's) Division, to which it, with the rest of the cavalry, belonged. In his r
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
ce of secession submitted to popular vote, 13; attitude of, with regard to secession, 13 et seq.; secession of, 14 Thomas, Secretary, 26 Thomas, Colonel, 166 Thompson, Jeff., 118 Thompson, Secretary, 17, 20, 30, 33 Toombs, Senator, 12, 42 Toucey, Secretary, 33 Townsend, Colonel, 153 Twiggs, General, treachery of, 14 Tyler, General, Daniel, commands First Division in the advance on Manassas, 174; his advance, 177, 178 U. Union Mills Ford, 176, note V. Varian, Captain, 174 Vernon, Mount, Va, 102 Vienna Station, Va., ambush at, 172 Virginia, attitude of,with regard to secession, 51 et seq., 80; secession, 98; extent and character of, 137 et seq., 169 Virginia, East, 137; vote on Secession Ordinance, 142 Virginia, West, 131, 133, 137, 141; vote on Secession Ordinance, 142; organized as separate State, 144 et seq.; map of West Virginia battles, 148; admitted into the Union, 154 Volunteers, first enlistment of, 75; new, called for,
861. This is the condition of affairs to which the citizens of Maryland are invited by their legislators and the sympathizers with secession. Early this morning, Gen. Siegel, in command of the force lately under Gen. Lyon at Wilson's Creek, fell back to Springfield in good order, and subsequently to Rolla, Mo.--N. Y. Times, August 15. General Hurlburt, in command of the national forces at Palmyra, Mo., issued an order to the county authorities of Marion County, Mo., requiring the delivery by them of a stated amount of rations to his troops every day, and threatening, if the order was not promptly obeyed, to billet the regiment upon the city of Palmyra.--(Doc. 177.) Capt. Varian, of the Eighth regiment battery, N. Y. S. M., published a statement upon the reference to his command in Gen. McDowell report of the battle of Bull Run. Seventeen of his men steadily refused to overstay their term upon any condition, and these finally carried the rest with them. --N. Y. Times.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 25: the battle of Bull's Run, (search)
.--General Tyler. Four brigades. The First Brigade, commanded by Colonel Erasmus D. Keyes, of the Eleventh United States Infantry, was composed of the First, Second, and Third Regiments of Connecticut Volunteers, the Fourth Maine Volunteers, Captain Varian's Now York Battery, and Company B of the Second United States Cavalry. The Second Brigade, under Brigadier-Genera, R. C. Schenck, consisted of the First and Second Ohio Volunteers, the Second New York Volunteers, and a light battery with a phe 20th. But his needful supplies did not arrive until Friday night, and he was compelled to remain at Centreville a day longer than he expected to. On that evening, his army began to melt away. The term of service of the Fourth Pennsylvania and Varian's battery of the New York Eighth expired that day, and neither the persuasions of the Commanding General, nor those of the Secretary of War, who was at Headquarters, could induce them to remain. They turned their faces homeward that evening, and
id L. Magruder. First Division. Brigadier-General Daniel Tyler, Connecticut Militia, commanding. First Brigade.--Col. E. D. Keyes, 11th Infantry, commanding. 1st, 2d, & 3d Regiments Connecticut Volunteers; 4th Regiment Maine Volunteers; Capt. Varian's Battery of New York 8th Regiment; Company B, 2d Cavalry. Second Brigade.--1st & 2d Regiments Ohio Volunteers; 2d Regiment New York Volunteers; Company E, 2d Artillery, (Light Battery.) Third Brigade.--Col. Wm. T. Sherman, 13th Infantryes up the road. With a spyglass the roads leading to Fairfax Court House could be seen covered with retreating rebels. The head of the First brigade came within a few hundred yards of a body of them, and Colonel Keyes ordered a section of Captain Varian's battery to throw a few shells among them, which was done with remarkable promptness. The enemy ran as soon as the first shot was fired. Hent's Hill, some two and a half miles west of Vienna, being reached, and the enemy being evidently
re formerly encamped. It is pleasant to recognize so familiar a place after having so long been impeded in the approach to it. Your correspondent was once taken into custody here by the Connecticut men, after a long ride near the Confederate lines, upon suspicion of being a rebel spy, so he naturally retains touching remembrances of the locality. Just beyond is the old camping ground of Captain Harrison and Lieutenant Tompkins, famed leaders of cavalry charges, and the abiding place of Captain Varian's battery, which did not fight at Bull Run. But there is here an excitement more immediate than even these lively remembrances. A turn in the road reveals the once welcome house of Webster, the wholesale entertainer of Union regiments, the hearty loyalist in the midst of the perilous contaminations which surrounded him. Webster's house was, eight weeks ago, the surest haven for traveller or soldier, and now it is not only deserted, but the place is at the point of destruction. Some re
aisson and one wagon on the opposite crest of the hill. I then returned and rejoined my battalion, now under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Foy, Twenty-third Kentucky. The regiment behaved most nobly, both officers and men. They all took example from our noble Colonel, who fell before the action was over. They vied with each other in deeds of heroism. I would respectfully recommend to your favorable consideration Captains Trapp, Hooker, Jones, and Patterson; Lieutenants Leonard, Thomas, Varian, Groves, Ward, Kuhlman, and Young; also Doctor Barr. They are efficient officers, and deserve the highest encomiums for their noble conduct. Lieutenant Wollenhaupt, who was killed while gallantly urging his men forward, was a good officer and beloved by all. His loss is severely felt in the regiment. The loss in the regiment was heavy--one officer and eleven men killed, four officers and sixty-two men wounded, making the loss in the regiment since the twenty-third as follows: Officers —
cers from the regular service, and most of them led by grave, thoughtful men in the prime of life who realized their responsibility and studied faithfully to meet the task. Then wonderful was the variety of uniform! It was marked even before McDowell led forth the raw levies to try their mettle at Bull Run. Among the New Yorkers were Highlanders in plaid trews (their kilts and bonnets very properly left at home), the blue jackets of the Seventy-first, the gray jackets of the Eighth, and Varian's gunners—some of whom bethought them at Centreville that their time was up and it would be pleasanter going home than hell-ward, as a grim, red-whiskered colonel, Sherman by name, said they surely would if they didn't quit straggling. There were half-fledged Zouaves, like the Fourteenth New York (Brooklyn), and full-rigged Zouaves, albeit their jackets and knickers were gray and only their shirts were red—the First Fire of New York, who had lost their martial little colonel—Ellsworth— bef
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, New York Volunteers. (search)
wounded and 38 Enlisted men by disease. Total 56. 2nd New York Independent Battery Light Artillery Blenker's Battery. Organized by transfer of detachments from 8th and 29th Regiments New York Infantry, who were detached to serve guns of Varian's Battery during Bull Run Campaign of 1861. Battery reorganized at Washington, D. C., and mustered in August 16, 1861, being designated 2nd N. Y. Independent Battery, December 7, 1861. Attached to Blenker's Brigade, Division of the Potomac,he Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June, 1863. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Dana's Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, and stationed at Harrisburg, Bridgeport, Chambersburg, Shippensburg and Pottsville, Pa., till August. Mustered out August, 1863. Varian's State Militia Battery Light Artillery (1st Troop Washington Grays). Entered service of the United States for three months and left State for Annapolis, Md., April 19, 1861. Duty at Annapolis till May. Near Light House at Smith's Point,