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Polybius, Histories 6 6 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 238 BC or search for 238 BC in all documents.

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Auta'ritus (*Au)ta/ritos), the leader of the Gallic mercenaries in the Carthaginian army in Africa, took an active part in the rebellion against Carthage at the end of the first Punic war. He at length fell into the power of Hamilcar, and was crucified, B. C. 238. (Plb. 1.77, 79, 80, 85, 86
Falto 2. P. Valerius Falto, Q. F. P. N., brother of the preceding, was consul in B. C. 238. The Boian Gauls, after having been at peace with Rome for nearly half a century, in this year resumed hostilities, and formed a league with their kindred tribes on the Po, and with the Ligurians. Falto was despatched with a consular army against them, but was defeated in the first battle with great loss. The senate, on the news of his defeat, ordered one of the praetors, M. Genucius Cipus [CIPUS], to march to his relief. Falto, however, regarded this as an intrusion into his province, and, before the reinforcement arrived, attacked the Boians a second time and routed them. But on his return to Rome he was refused a triumph, not merely on account of his defeat, but because he had rashly fought with a beaten army without awaiting the arrival of the praetor. (Zonar. 8.18; Oros. 4.12.)
Gracchus 1. TIB SEMPRONIUS, TIB. F. C. N. GRACCHUS, was consul in B. C. 238; and with his colleague, P. Valerius Falto, carried on a war in Sardinia and Corsica, shortly after the insurrection of the Carthaginian mercenaries. He conquered the enemy, but, though he made no booty, he is said to have brought back a number of worthless captives. (Fest. s. v. Sardi ; Zonar. 8.18; comp. Plb. 1.88; Oros. 4.12.)
nd this being at length effected, the two generals again took the field in concert. They soon succeeded in bringing matters to the decision of a general battle, in which the rebels were completely defeated, and Matho himself taken prisoner; after which almost all the revolted towns submitted to the Carthaginians. Utica and Hippo alone held out for a time, but they were soon reduced. the one by Hamilcar and the other by Hanno; and this sanguinary war at length brought to a successful close (B. C. 238), after it had lasted three years and four months. (Plb. 1.86-88; comp. Diod. Exc. Hoeschel. 25.1; and for the chronology see Clinton, F. H. vol. iii. n. 238.) There is much obscurity with regard to the conduct of Hamilcar after the termination of the war of the mercenaries. Polybius states simply (2.1) that the Carthaginians immediately afterwards sent him with an army into Spain. Diodorus and Appian, on the contrary, represent him as engaging in intrigues with the popular party at Cart
Ha'nnibal 9. A general in the war of the Carthaginians against their revolted mercenaries, B. C. 240-238, who was appointed to succeed Hanno, when the dissensions between that general and Hamilcar Barca had terminated in the deposition of the former. HANNO, No. 12.] It is probable that the new commuander, if not distinctly placed in subordination to Hamilcar, was content to follow his directions, and we hear nothing of him separately until the two generals besieged Tunis with their combined forces. On this occasion Hamilcar encamped with a part of the army on one side of the city, Hannibal on the other; but the latter was so wanting in vigilance, that Matho, the commander of the besieged forces, by a sudden sally, broke into his camp, made a great slaughter among his troops, and carried off Hannibal himself prisoner. The next morning the unfortunate general was nailed to the same cross on which Spendius, the chief leader of the insurgents, had been previously crucified by Hamilcar. (