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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 29 1 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 9 1 Browse Search
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Judah Philip Benjamin or search for Judah Philip Benjamin in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baltimore, (search)
had, in which free rein was given to the expression of opinion, and the reopening of the slave trade was advocated. Finally, on Friday, the 22d, the majority report was adopted, and the places of most of the seceders, who were unseated, were filled by Douglas men. Then there was another secession of delegates from the slave-labor States, and on the following morning Mr. Cushing and a majority of the Massachusetts delegation also withdrew. We put our withdrawal before you, said Mr. Butler (Benjamin F.) of that delegation, upon the simple ground, among others, that there has been a withdrawal, in part, of a majority of the States, and, further (and that, perhaps, more personal to myself), upon the ground that I will not sit in a convention where the African slave trade — which is piracy by the laws of my country — is approvingly advocated. Gov. David Tod, of Ohio, was then called to the chair in place of Cushing, retired, and the convention proceeded to ballot for a Presidential candi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Benjamin, Judah Philip, 1811-1884 (search)
Benjamin, Judah Philip, 1811-1884 Lawyer; was born in St. Croix, West Indies, Aug. 11, Judah Philip Henjamin. 1811; was of Jewish parentage, and in 1816 his family settled in Savannah, Ga. Judah entered Yale College, but left it, in 1827, without graduating, and became a lawyer in New Orleans. He taught school for a while, married one of his pupils, and became a leader of his profession in Louisiana. From 1853 to 1861 he was United States Senator. He was regarded for several years as leader of the Southern wing of the Democratic party; and, when the question of secession divided the people, he withdrew from the Senate, and, with his coadjutor, John Slidell, he promoted the great insurrection. He became Attorney-General of the Southern Confederacy, acting Secretary of War, and Secretary of State. After the war he went to London, where he practised his profession with success. He died in Paris, May 8, 1884.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brownlow, William Gannaway, 1805- (search)
prived of every comfort, they were subjected to the vile ribaldry of the guards, and constantly threatened with death by hanging. Acting upon the suggestions of Benjamin, men charged with bridge-burning, and confined with Brownlow, were hanged, and their bodies were left suspended as a warning. In the midst of these fiery trials without a legal trial and conviction. They offered him life and liberty if he would take the oath of allegiance to the Confederacy. He refused with scorn. To Benjamin he wrote: You are reported to have said to a gentleman in Richmond that I am a bad man, and dangerous to the Confederacy, and that you desire me out of it. Just give me my passport, and I will do for your Confederacy more than the devil has ever done — I will quit the country. Benjamin soon afterwards indicated a wish that Brownlow should be sent out of the Confederacy, only, he said, because color is given to the suspicion that he has been entrapped. He was finally released, and sent
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Church, Benjamin 1639-1718 (search)
, under Church. The campaign then undertaken against the French and Indians continued all summer, and Church inflicted much damage to the allies at Penobscot and Passamaquoddy. He is represented by his contemporaries as distinguished as much for his integrity, justice, and purity as for his military exploits. He is the author of Entertaining passages relating to Philip's War. He died in Little Compton, R. I., Jan. 17, 1718. Surgeon; born in Newport. R. I., Aug. 24, 1734; son of Col. Benjamin Church; was graduated at Harvard College; studied medicine in London, and became eminent as a surgeon. He lived a bachelor, extravagantly and licentiously, in a fine mansion which he built at Raynham, Mass., in 1768. For several years preceding the Revolution he was conspicuous among the leading Whigs. Of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress he was an active member. At the same time, while he was trusted as an ardent patriot, Church was evidently the secret enemy of the republicans.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
of Alabama, and David L. Yulee and Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida, finally withdrew from the United States Senate. Representatives from Alabama withdrew from Congress.— 23. Representatives from Georgia, excepting Joshua Hill, withdrew from Congress. Hill refused to go with them, but resigned.—24. The Anti-Slavery Society of Massachusetts, at its annual session, broken up by a mob.—25. Rhode Island repealed its Personal Liberty Bill by act of its legislature.—Feb. 5. John Slidell and J. P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, withdrew from the United States Senate, the representatives in the Lower House also withdrew, excepting Bouligny, under instructions from the Louisiana State Convention. Bouligny declared he would not obey the instructions of that illegal body.—11. The House of Representatives Resolved, that neither the Congress nor the people or governments of the non-slave-holding States have a constitutional right to legislate upon or interfere with slavery in any slave-holding Sta
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederate States of America (search)
zed to increase this force by an addition of 400,000 volunteers, to serve for not less than one year nor more than three years. He was also authorized to send additional commissioners to Europe; also, to inflict retaliation upon the persons of prisoners of war. The provisional government of the Confederate States ended on Feb. 8, 1862, when the permanent government was organized. Jefferson Davis had been unanimously chosen President for a term of six years. He chose for his cabinet Judah P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, Secretary of State; George W. Randolph, of Virginia, Secretary of War; S. R. Mallory, of Florida, Secretary of the Navy; C. G. Memminger, of South Carolina, Secretary of the Treasury; J. H. Reagan, of Texas, Postmaster-General, and T. H. Watts, of Alabama, Attorney-General. Randolph resigned in the autumn, and James A. Seddon, a wealthy citizen of Richmond, was made Secretary of War in his place. On the same day a Congress assembled at Richmond, in which all the slave
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 (search)
ent Davis held Jefferson Davis. a levee at Estelle Hall, and the city was brilliantly lighted up by bonfires and illuminations. President Davis chose for his constitutional advisers a cabinet comprising Robert Toombs, of Georgia, Secretary of State; Charles G. Memminger, of South Carolina, Secretary of the Treasury; Le Roy Pope Walker, of Alabama, Secretary of War; Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida, Secretary of the Navy, and John H. Reagan, of Texas, Postmaster-General. Afterwards, Judah P. Benjamin was made Attorney-General. Two days after President Lincoln's call for troops, President Davis issued a proclamation, in the preamble of which he said the President of the United States had announced the intention of invading the Confederacy with an armed force for the purpose of capturing its fortresses, and thereby subverting its independence, and subjecting the free people thereof to the dominion of a foreign power. He said it was the duty of his government to repel this threat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
ering thereon ; also the right of egress and ingress of the mouths of the Mississippi by all friendly states and powers. A motion to submit the ordinance to the people for consideration was lost. Prompted by advice from John Slidell and Judah P. Benjamin, then sitting as members of the United States Senate, the governor of Louisiana (Moore) sent expeditions from New Orleans to seize Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the Mississippi, below the city, then in charge of Major Beauregard; also For1842 to 1843 Alexander Barrow 27th to 29th 1841 to 1846 Alexander Porter 28th 1843 to 1844 Henry Johnson 28th to 30th 1844 to 1849 Pierre Soule 29th 1847 Solomon W. Downs 30th to 32d 1847 to 1853 Pierre Soule 31st to 32d 1849 to 1853 Judah P. Benjamin 33d to 36th 1853 to 1861 John Slidell 33d to 36th1853 to 1861 36th to 40th 1861 to 1868 John S. Harris 40th 1868 William Pitt Kellogg 40th to 42d 1868 to 1872 J. Rodman West 42d to 45th 1871 to 1877 James B. Eustis 45th to 46th 1877
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Solid South, the (search)
ctual persecution. In east Tennessee, where the majority of the people were Unionists, fearful persecutions occurred at times. Unionists were imprisoned (see Brownlow, William Gannaway) and their property was plundered. Very soon the jails were filled with loyalists, and so completely were the people of that region under the control of armed Confederates that, in November, 1861, Col. W. B. Wood, a Methodist clergyman from Alabama, holding a Confederate military commission, wrote to Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of War, at Richmond: The rebellion [resistance to Confederate rule] in east Tennessee has been put down in some of the counties, and will be effectually suppressed in less than two weeks. After speaking of breaking up the camps of the loyalists, he said, It is a farce to arrest them and turn them over to the courts.... They really deserve the gallows, and, if consistent with the laws, ought speedily to receive their deserts. The gallows was sometimes used, and Union fugiti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Southern Confederacy. (search)
gislature which led to the Montgomery convention. The delegates from six States—South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida met at Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 4, 1861. Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as President, Feb. 18, 1861, and the permanent constitution was adopted March 11, 1861. President Davis appointed Robert Toombs, Secretary of State; C. J. Memminger, Secretary of Treasury; L. Pope Walker, Secretary of War; Stephen R. Mallory, Secretary of Navy; Judah P. Benjamin, Attorney-General; and John H. Reagan, Postmaster-General. The provisional Confederate Congress held four sessions: First, from Feb. 4, 1861, to March 16, 1861; second, from April 29, 1861, to May 22, 1861; third, from July 20, 1861, to Aug. 22, 1861; fourth, from Nov. 18, 1861, to Feb. 17, 1862. Under the permanent constitution, which provided for twenty-six Senators and 106 members of the House of Representatives, there were two congresses. The first held four sessions: F
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