oc already begun, and destroy both the wounded soldiers and those who sought to relieve their agonies.
The upper photograph shows Mrs. Spinner's house, between Centreville and the Stone Bridge, which was used as a hospital during the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861.
Here the Honorable A. Ely, Member of Congress, and a large number of Federal troops were made prisoners by the Confederate cavalry.
The Stone Church at Centreville, shown in the lower picture, had been used as a hospital only three days before, July 18, 1861, after the battle of Blackburn's Ford.
The houses upon the field of battle, especially the first year, before the field-hospital systeed, were often utilized for army hospital purposes.
Mrs. Spinners house in 1862—used as a hospital in 1861 during the Bull Run battle
The stone church at Centreville—a hospital before Bull Run I found an old carriage-and wagon-shop about sixty by one hundred feet, two stories high.
It had a good roof, plenty of windows ab
Clara Barton—a war-time photograph by Brady
Before the Civil War was over, Clara Barton's name had come to mean mercy and help for the wounded in war and peace alike.
In the Civil War she took part in the relief work on the battlefields, described at length in the last chapter of this volume, and organized the search for missing men, for the carrying on of which Congress voted $15,000. She was active throughout the Franco-Prussian War, in the adoption of the Treaty of Geneva, in the founding of the National Red Cross in the United States, and in the Spanish-American War. Even later, in spite of advancing years, she appeared as a rescuing angel, bringing practical aid with sympathy to sufferers from the calamities of fire, flood, and famine. articles of food or of clothing, was almost sure to be promptly answered, while Government supplies were to be procured only on requisition, and necessarily passing through several hands, were sometimes much delayed.