legislatures of the cotton States were immediately assembled to consider the situation and issue calls for conventions to proclaim the act of secession.
Without even waiting for this proclamation, the national authority was openly set aside, and from the day following the election of Mr. Lincoln, the judge of the District Court of the United States in Charleston, devoted to Southern interests, refused to take his seat on the Bench.
Finally, the principal leaders of the movement met at Milledgeville to consult upon the subject of separation, and the military measures required to ensure success.
One month after the election—the 3d of December—the Federal Congress met in its turn.
The President's message set forth the uncertainties and the weakness of the Washington government.
Elected by the coalition of Democrats, Mr. Buchanan did not dare to break with his former allies.
He affected to see in the choice of his successor an act of aggression against them, and sought in vain to