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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Exordia (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt) 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 31-40 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 51-61 1 1 Browse Search
Dinarchus, Speeches 1 1 Browse Search
Xenophon, Minor Works (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.) 1 1 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Letters (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt) 1 1 Browse Search
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Demosthenes, Exordia (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt), exordium 37, section 2 (search)
if after hearing this statement you are willing to hear the sequel, he may enlighten you and explain what measures seem best to himself, but if you shall reject his views, that he may have done with the matter and neither annoy you nor tire himself out. This, then, will be my first statement: It is my opinion that the democratic party in Mytilene has been wronged and that it is your duty to obtain justice for them.The democracy was overthrown in Mytilene after the Social War in 355 B.C.: Dem. 13.8 and Dem. 15.19. For obtaining this justice I have a plan to propose when once I have demonstrated that they have been wronged and that it is your duty to go to their aid.
Demosthenes, Against Phormio, section 38 (search)
Phormio, then, with the help of this fellow as his accomplice and witness, thinks proper to rob us of our money—us, who have continually brought grain to your market, and who in three crises which have come upon the state, during which you put to the test those who were of service to the people, have not once been found wanting. Nay, when Alexander entered Thebes,In 355 B.C. we made you a free gift of a talent in cash
Demosthenes, Erotic Essay, section 46 (search)
But not to spend our time rehearsing ancient examples while others are available closer to our own times,The phrase “closer to our own times” is defined by the mention of Timotheus, who died in 355 B.C., just after Demosthenes entered public life. The author, whether the orator or a forger, belongs to the second half of the fourth century. you will discover that Timotheus was deemed worthy of the highest repute and numerous honors, not because of his activities as a younger man, but because of his performances after he had studied with Isocrates.Timotheus, son of Conon, was called by Cornelius Nepos the last Athenian general worthy of mention. Demosthenes regularly spoke of him with admiration. You will discover also
Dinarchus, Against Demosthenes, section 111 (search)
You will find that this man has become famous since he entered politics; that from being a speechwriter and a paid advocate, in the service of Ctesippus, Phormio and many others,Demosthenes was acting in the interests of Ctesippus, son of Chabrias, when he attacked the Law of Leptines in 355 B.C. The Phormio referred to is possibly the freedman of the banker Pasion whom he defended in 350. Cf. Dem. 20 and Dem. 36. he has become the richest man in Athens; that after being an unknown figure, inheriting no family honor from his ancestors, he is now famous, while the city has reached a pass unworthy of herself or the honor of our forbears. Therefore ignore this man's entreaties and deceptions, bring in the verdict that is just and right, having regard for your country's interest, as b
Xenophon, Ways and Means (ed. E. C. Marchant, G. W. Bowersock, tr. Constitution of the Athenians.), chapter 4 (search)
e gravest fear in everyone's mind is that the works may become overcrowded if the state acquires too many slaves. But we can rid ourselves of that fear by not putting more men in year by year than the works themselves require. Accordingly I hold that this, which is the easiest way, is also the best way of doing these things. On the other hand, if you think that the burdens imposed during the late warThe allusion is to the “War of the Allies” who had revolted from Athens. It lasted from 357 to 355 B.C. See Introduction. make it impossible for you to contribute anything at all—well, keep down the cost of administration during the next year to the amount that the taxes yielded before the peace; and invest the balances over and above that amount, which you will get with peace, with considerate treatment of resident aliens and merchants, with the growth of imports and exports due to concentration of a larger population, and with the expansion of harbour and market dues, so that the investm<
Demosthenes, Letters (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt), To Heracleodorus (search)
would also be to me one of the most grievous disappointments if, after having started out to feel friendly toward you, I should be compelled to take the opposite decision instead, and if I assume that I have been slighted and deceived, even if I shall deny it, believe me, it will be so. If you have looked down upon us because we are not yet among the foremost men,If the letter is genuine, this evidence of date would point approximately to 355 B.C. The First Philippic was delivered in 351. reflect that you too were once a young man of the same age as we are now, and that you have reached your present position through speech and action in public life. Such success may attend me also. For deliberative oratory I have mastered alreadyDeinarchus in Din. 1.35 may be making a taunting reference to this boast. and, with Fortune lending a hand, the practical experience also may follow.
east of the Chersonese, of which Cephisodotus had been ordered to make himself master under the pretext of dislodging a band of pirates who had taken refuge there. Unable to cope with Charidemus, he entered into a compromise by which the place was indeed yielded to Athens, but on terms so disadvantageous that he was recalled from his command and brought to trial for his life. By a majority of only three votes he escaped sentence of death, but was condemned to a fine of five talents. (Dem. c. Aristocr. pp. 670-676; Suid. s. v. *Khfiso/dotos.) This was perhaps the Cephisodotus who, in B. C. 355, joined Aristophon the Azenian and others in defending the law of Leptines against Demosthenes, and who is mentioned in the speech of the latter as inferior to none in eloquence. (Dem. c. Lept. p. 501, &c.; cump. Ruhnk. Hist. Crit. Orat. Gr. p. 141.) Aristotle speaks of him (Rhet. 3.10) as an opponent of Charges when the latter had to undergo his eu)qu/nh after the Olvnthian war, B. C. 347. [E.E]
by abandoning it, and fell fighting. (Diod. 16.7; Nep. Chabr. 4; Dem. c. Lept. p. 481.) Plutarch tells us, that Chabrias was slow in devising and somewhat rash in executing, and that both defects were often in some measure corrected and supplied by his young friend Phocion. Yet his death seems to have been a real loss to Athens. His private qualities, notwithstanding the tendency to profligate self-indulgence which has been mentioned above on the authority of Theopompus, were at least such as to attract and permanently retain the friendship of Phocion. His public services were rewarded with the privilege of exemption from liturgies; and the continuation of the privilege to. his son Ctesippus, from whom the law of Leptines would have taken it, was successfully advocated by Demosthenes in B. C. 355. (Plut. Phoc. 6, 7; Dem. c. Lept. pp. 479-483.) Pausanias (1.29) speaks of the tomb of Chabrias as lying between those of Pericles and Phormion on the way from the city to the Academy. [E.E]
ed his orations against Androtion and Timocrates, which belong to B. C. 355, so that the birth of Demosthenes would fall in B. C. 383 or 382,is event come forward as a speaker in the public assembly, for in B. C. 355 he had delivered the orations against Leptines and Androtion (DioLepti/nhn *Peri\ th=s a)telei/as pro\s *Lepti/nhn, was spoken in B. C. 355. Editions It has been edited separately by F. A. Wolf, Halle, kondu/lou *Kata\ *Meidi/ou peri\ tou= kondu/lou, was composed in B. C. 355. Editions There are separate editions by Buttmann (Berlin, 182oti/wnos parano/mwn *Kata\ *)Androti/wnos parano/mwn, belongs to B. C. 355, and has been edited separately by Funkhänel, Leipzig, 1832. 22 *Zhno/qemin *Paragrafh\ pro\s *Zhno/qemin, falls after the year B. C. 355. 32. *Pro\s *)Apatou/rion paragrhrafh/ *Pro\s *)Apatou/rion palou kai\ *Mnhsibou/lou yeudomarturiw=n, belongs to the time after B. C. 355. Its genuineness is doubted by Harpocr. s. vv. *)Ekaki/stroun and
g the Athenians of all succeeding generations the character of patriots, deliverers, and martyrs,--names often abused indeed, but seldom more grossly than in the present case. Their deed of murderous vengeance formed a favourite subject of drinking-songs, of which the most famous and popular is preserved in full by Athenaeus. To be born of their blood was esteemed among the highest of honours, and their descendants enjoyed an immunity from public burdens, of which even the law of Leptines (B. C. 355) did not propose to deprive them. (Aesch. c. Timarch. §§132, 140; Athen. 15.695; Aristoph. Ach. 942, 1058, Lysistr. 632, Vesp. 1225, Eq. 783; Aristot. Rh. 2.23.8; Suid. s. vv. *)Agora/sw *)En mu/rtou kla/dw(, *Pa/roinor, *Forh/sw; Dem. c. Let. pp. 462, 466.) Their tombs are mentioned by Pausanias (1.29) as situated on thie road from the city to the Academy. Their statues, made of bronze by Antenor, were set up in the Agora in the inner Cerameicus, near the temple of Ares, in B. C. 509, the
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